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Elim, Alaska facts for kids

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Elim
Neviarcaurluq
City
Country United States
State Alaska
Census Area Nome
Incorporated October 17, 1970
Area
 • Total 2.4 sq mi (6.3 km2)
 • Land 2.4 sq mi (6.3 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 36 ft (11 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 330
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99739
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-22250

Elim (Neviarcaurluq in Central Alaskan Yup'ik) is a city in Nome Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 330.

Geography

Elim is located at 64°37′4″N 162°15′24″W / 64.61778°N 162.25667°W / 64.61778; -162.25667 (64.617734, -162.256705).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), all of it land.

Natural history

A number of flora and fauna are found in the Elim area. This is the westernmost location for the range of Black Spruce, Picea mariana.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 162
1930 97 −40.1%
1980 211
1990 264 25.1%
2000 313 18.6%
2010 330 5.4%
Est. 2015 340 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 313 people, 84 households, and 69 families residing in the city. The population density was 128.9 people per square mile (49.7/km²). There were 106 housing units at an average density of 43.7 per square mile (16.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 5.11% White, 92.65% Native American, and 2.24% from two or more races.

There were 84 households out of which 60.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.73 and the average family size was 4.16.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 41.9% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 14.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 131.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.0 males.

ElimAlaska
Elim, Alaska

The median income for a household in the city was $40,179, and the median income for a family was $40,893. Males had a median income of $25,938 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,300. About 8.0% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Airports

The Elim Airport is a state-owned airport with scheduled passenger flights. Also located in Elim is the Moses Point Airport, which is privately owned by the Elim Native Corporation.

Boulder Creek uranium mine controversy

In 2005, mining company Full Metal Minerals announced a partnership with Triex Minerals Corporation to develop a uranium deposit north of Elim. Development of the site began with survey and exploration work in Sept 2005. Initial drilling exploration was completed in July 2006, confirming deposits of "sandstone-hosted uranium" at the Boulder Creek site in Death Valley, north of Elim.

The Boulder Creek mine site is located on part of the Tubutulik River. Serious water and air pollution risks, including radioactive byproducts, have been identified with "in-situ leeching", the type of uranium mining proposed for the site. Villagers have raised concerns that radioactive by-products of uranium mining would adversely affect the plants, fish, and wildlife on which they rely. In September 2007, Irene Murray of Aniguiin High School in Elim wrote an open letter to Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin, drawing attention to projected impacts on the local environment and human health. Protests led by Elim Students Against Uranium (ESAU) have included demonstrations in 2008 and 2009 at the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race ceremonial start, and on the Iditarod trail in Elim.

The village has raised legal concerns over the project that include an alleged failure by the federal Bureau of Land Management to provide adequate public notice and public comment periods regarding the Boulder Creek mine project. Portions of the regulatory process are under the purview of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

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