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Elwick, County Durham facts for kids

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Elwick
Population 1,001 (2011)
OS grid reference NZ4619932279
Civil parish
  • Elwick
Unitary authority
  • Hartlepool
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HARTLEPOOL
Postcode district TS27
Dialling code 01429
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
List of places
UK
England
County DurhamCoordinates: 54°41′03″N 1°17′43″W / 54.6843°N 1.2953°W / 54.6843; -1.2953

Elwick is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, in England. It is situated near the A19 road to the west of Hartlepool. Hartlepool Borough Council governs Elwick. As Elwick is only a small parish it is not able to run itself as its own district. Elwick was known as a township until 1866, but then was changed to a civil parish status. The Elwick Parish council meets to discuss problems to put forward to Hartlepool Borough Council about its electoral ward.

Elwick has agricultural roots, and family farms remain today like North Farm. The locals mostly work in the local town of Hartlepool.

History

Mortality decline in the late 19th century was mainly due to the reduction of a very high infant mortality rates. But during the 20th and 21st centuries a decline in fertility rates and an improved life expectancy has changed the age structure of the population. Elwick has been described by John Marius Wilson in historic writings as, "Elwick, a township in Hart parish, Durham; 4 miles W by S of Hartlepool. It has a post office under Ferryhill. Acres, 1, 500. Real property, £1, 418. Pop., 240. Houses, 55. The township is a meet for the Durham hounds." – from the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales in 1870–72.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1801 129 —    
1811 129 +0.0%
1821 176 +36.4%
1831 169 −4.0%
1841 165 −2.4%
1851 187 +13.3%
1881 166 −11.2%
1891 178 +7.2%
1901 258 +44.9%
1911 185 −28.3%
1921 197 +6.5%
1931 204 +3.6%
1951 208 +2.0%
1961 203 −2.4%

Church

Saint Peters church is Church of England and the only church in Elwick. It has been described by the Archbishops' Council as "a small, friendly, family-orientated church." . It is a grade two listed building, listed in 1967. Protected by the English Heritage its ID number is: 59861. The church was built in the late 12th century, but has been restored many times. St Peters has aisled nave, chancel with north vestry and a south-west tower over looking the porch. The church has beautiful stained glass windows. The church commissioned a window depicting marriage, which was installed in February 2010 and designed by Alan Davis.

Facilities

Elwick has two public houses – The Spotted Cow and the McOrville Inn. It has a village shop and post office.

Transport

Crossroads, Elwick Road- Hart Back Lane - geograph.org.uk - 24528
The road through Elwick

A main road runs through the centre of the village called Elwick road, easterly it connects the village to Hartlepool. To the west the road changes to Coal Lane that leads to the Black Woods and onto the A19.

Pauls Travel has service 65 bus through the village. Most journeys from Elwick transport people to Hartlepool. The nearest airport is Durham Tees Valley Airport, which was an RAF airfield during World War II. There is no railway station; the nearest to Elwick is either Billingham or Hartlepool.

Geography

Wind Turbine, Elwick - geograph.org.uk - 16420
The wind turbines

Renewable energy

EON, the energy supplier, has put in place three wind turbines on the border of the parish. This development in 2003 split the community, with some accepting the turbines and others opposing them. The three wind turbines provide energy for 6,000 homes.

Climate

With an 8.5 °C to 9.5 °C average temperature, the climate of Elwick is colder than the UK`s average annual temperature of 7 °C to 11 °C.

Urbanisation

English Heritage have listed the disused, six-storey-high, brick Elwick windmill. Built in the mid-19th century and grade two listed on 8 January 1980, this windmill has been protected and preserved as a piece of Elwick's history. Apart from the historic buildings of the windmill and church, the majority of the development is residential housing. Elwick has green spaces and old farm buildings. It is not highly built up, or filled with industrial buildings.

Geology

The landscape is on low-lying land in a valley. The rocks date to the Triassic period (248–205 million years ago). The most common rock type found is red sandstone and mudstone that was deposited under arid sea conditions, with younger Permian period rock overlaid.

Resources

Elwick's main resource is its fertile land, with many farms near by; and a windy climate supporting its wind turbines to produce electricity.

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