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Emperor Jomei facts for kids

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Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan
Reign 629–641
Predecessor Suiko
Successor Kōgyoku
Born 591
Died November 17, 641 (aged 49)
Kudara no Miya
Burial Osaka no uchi no misasagi (Nara)
  • Princess Takara (Kōgyoku)
  • Princess Tame
  • Soga no Hote-no-iratsume
  • Awata no Kagushi-hime
  • Soga no Tetsuki-no-iratsume
  • Emperor Tenji
  • Emperor Tenmu
  • Princess Hashihito
  • Prince Furuhito-no-Ōe
  • Princess Nunoshiki
  • Princess Oshisaka-no-watamuki
  • Princess Yata
  • Prince Kaya
House Yamato
Father Prince Oshisaka-no-hikohito-no-Ōe
Mother Princess Nukate-hime

Emperor Jomei (舒明天皇 , Jomei-tennō, 593 – 641) was the 34th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign started in 629 and ended in 641. Historians consider details about the life of Emperor Jomei to be possibly legendary, but probable. The name Jomei-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.

The conventionally accepted names and sequence of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.

Traditional history

Jomei was a grandson of Emperor Bidatsu and a great-grandson of Emperor Kimmei.

Events in Jomei's reign

Suiko did not make it clear who was to succeed her after her death.

  • 628: In the 35th year of Empress Suiko's reign, she abdicated her nephew succeeded her. He became known as Emperor Jomei. The succession was confirmed in ceremonies.
  • 639: In the 10 year of Jomei, former Empress Suiko died.

Jomei's reign lasted 13 years.

After his death

The actual place of Jomei's grave is known. This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Nara. The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Jomei's mausoleum. It is formally named Osaka no uchi no misasagi.


Some short poems are believed to have been written by Emperor Jomei. For example,

Countless are the mountains in Yamato,
But perfect is the heavenly hill of Kagu;
When I climb it and survey my realm,
Over the wide plain the smoke-wreaths rise and rise,
Over the wide lake the gulls are on the wing;
A beautiful land it is, the land of Yamato!
-- Emperor Jomei

Related pages

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
Preceded by
Empress Suiko
Emperor of Japan

Succeeded by
Empress Kōgyoku
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