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Encinal, Texas
Encinal water tower
Encinal water tower
Location of Encinal, Texas
Location of Encinal, Texas
LaSalle County Encinal.svg
Country United States
State Texas
County La Salle
Area
 • Total 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
 • Land 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
558 ft (170 m)
Population
 (2000)
 • Total 629
 • Density 1,616.4/sq mi (624.1/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78019
Area code(s) 956
FIPS code 48-24240
GNIS feature ID 1335452

Encinal ( EN-sin-AWL) is a town in La Salle County, Texas, United States. The population was 629 at the 2000 census. Interstate 35 Business runs through the community. There are few businesses in Encinal; most have closed along the main street.

Railroad officials named the town for the Spanish word for oak grove. The population peaked in 1937 at eight hundred residents.

History

Encinal may be named for the Spanish word for a holm or holly oak grove. The town was supposed to be the county seat for Encinal County which was established on 1 February 1856 and was to consist of the eastern portion of Webb County, Texas. The county was never organized and was finally dissolved on 12 March 1899. The Encinal territory was absorbed into Webb County, and Encinal became part of La Salle County.

Geography

Encinal is located at 28°2′30″N 99°21′22″W / 28.04167°N 99.35611°W / 28.04167; -99.35611 (28.041584, -99.356192).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.

Transportation

Highways

  • I-35.svg Interstate Highway 35, exit 38, Runs directly through town to the east.
  • Texas 44.svg Texas State Highway 44. Runs through town, Ends at US 83 far west of town.
  • US 83.svg US 83. Bypasses town to the Far West.

Air travel

  • Laredo International Airport (in Laredo)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 562
1980 704
1990 620 −11.9%
2000 629 1.5%
2010 559 −11.1%
Est. 2015 592 5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 629 people, 215 households, and 159 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,616.4 people per square mile (622.7/km²). There were 276 housing units at an average density of 709.2/sq mi (273.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.56% White, 0.16% African American, 0.32% Native American, 23.05% from other races, and 1.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 91.26% of the population.

There were 215 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.50.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $14,853, and the median income for a family was $18,125. Males had a median income of $18,250 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $6,928. About 37.2% of families and 38.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.9% of those under age 18 and 30.2% of those age 65 or over.

Gallery

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Encinal has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

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