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Eugene Parker
Prof. Eugene Parker from University of Chicago.jpg
Eugene Parker in 2007
Born June 10, 1927 (1927-06-10) (age 94)
Nationality American
Alma mater Michigan State University
Known for Sweet-Parker Reconnection
Parker spiral solar magnetic field shape
Awards Arctowski Medal (1969)
George Ellery Hale Prize (1978)
Chapman Medal (1979)
National Medal of Science (1989)
William Bowie Medal (1990)
James Clerk Maxwell Prize (2003)
Kyoto Prize (2003)
Scientific career
Fields Astrophysicist
Institutions University of Chicago

Eugene Newman Parker (born June 10, 1927) is an American solar astrophysicist. In the mid-1950s—developed the theory of the supersonic solar wind and predicted the Parker spiral shape of the solar magnetic field in the outer solar system.

In 1987, Parker proposed that the solar corona might be heated by myriad tiny "nanoflares" (similar to solar flares) that would happen all over the surface of the Sun.

Parker spent four years at the University of Utah and has been at the University of Chicago since 1955. Parker was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1967.

In 2017, NASA renamed its Solar Probe Plus to Parker Solar Probe in his honor, marking the first time NASA had named a spacecraft after a living person.

In 2018, the American Physical Society awarded him the Medal for Exceptional Achievement in Research.

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