Fairfield, Pennsylvania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Fairfield, Pennsylvania
Borough
The historic Fairfield Inn
The historic Fairfield Inn
Official logo of Fairfield, Pennsylvania
Keystone Marker
Location in Adams County and the state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Adams County and the state of Pennsylvania.
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Adams
Settled 1801
Incorporated 1896
Area
 • Total 0.7 sq mi (2 km2)
Elevation 597 ft (182 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 507
 • Density 708.2/sq mi (273.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 17320
Area code(s) 717
Website fairfieldborough.com

Fairfield is a borough in Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 507 at the 2010 census.

History

During the Gettysburg Campaign in the American Civil War, the Battle of Fairfield played an important role in securing the Fairfield pass and the Hagerstown Road, enabling Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to retreat through Fairfield towards the Potomac River. The actual fighting near Fairfield was between elements of the 6th United States Cavalry under Major Samuel Starr, and elements of General "Grumble" Jones' Brigade of Virginia Cavalry. The Union casualties were treated in the town of Fairfield, specifically in the homes of Mrs. Sarah Amanda Blythe, Rufus Christian Swope, and in what is now St. John's Lutheran Church. For more information on the town of Fairfield, see Fairfield In the Civil War, by Sarah Sites Thomas, Tim Smith, Gary Kross, and Dean S. Thomas. The Fairfield Historic District and Fairfield Inn are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Fairfield is located at 39°47′14″N 77°22′10″W / 39.78722°N 77.36944°W / 39.78722; -77.36944 (39.787260, -77.369399).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 171
1860 218 27.5%
1870 258 18.3%
1900 395
1910 373 −5.6%
1920 401 7.5%
1930 387 −3.5%
1940 431 11.4%
1950 451 4.6%
1960 519 15.1%
1970 547 5.4%
1980 591 8.0%
1990 524 −11.3%
2000 486 −7.3%
2010 507 4.3%
Est. 2015 509 0.4%
Sources:

As of the census of 2000, there were 486 people, 232 households, and 139 families residing in the borough. The population density was 708.2 people per square mile (272.0/km²). There were 245 housing units at an average density of 357.0 per square mile (137.1/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.35% White, 0.62% Asian, 0.41% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 232 households, out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.67.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 20.8% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $31,053, and the median income for a family was $39,219. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $17,243. About 0.7% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

The Mid-Atlantic Soaring Center Airport is located 2 miles from Fairfield. It has two 2,700 foot asphalt runways.

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