Fiqh or Islamic jurisprudence (Arabic: فقه) is an expansion of Sharia law and is meant to be used with fatwas by Islamic clerics (known as 'Ulema' in Arabic) to help Muslims not break Sharia law. Fiqh is a section of Islamic law which deals with acts of Muslim, that includes both worship and daily life actions. In Sunni Islam there are four main schools of thought, they are:
The different schools of thought are not different beliefs but different views .
In Shia Islam there is one main school of thought, it is called Jaferi
Map of the Muslim world with the main madh'habs.
Fiqh for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.