Flandreau, South Dakota facts for kids

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Flandreau
City
Flandreau, South Dakota
Motto: "The Heart Of South Dakota"
Location in Moody County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Moody County and the state of South Dakota
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Moody
Incorporated 1902
Area
 • Total 1.93 sq mi (5.00 km2)
 • Land 1.86 sq mi (4.82 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
Elevation 1,565 ft (477 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,341
 • Estimate (2015) 2,303
 • Density 1,258.6/sq mi (485.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
ZIP code 57028
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-21540
GNIS feature ID 1255073
Website City of Flandreau

Flandreau /ˈflændr/ FLAN-droo is a city in Moody County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 2,341 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Moody County. It was named in honor of Charles Eugene Flandrau, a judge in the territory and state of Minnesota, who is credited with saving the community of New Ulm, Minnesota, from destruction during conflict with the Sioux tribe in 1862.

In 2015, the nearby Santee Sioux Reservation had planned to open the nation's first recreational marijuana lounge in a former bowling alley that would by close to its existing Royal River Casino and Hotel, but any tourists or non-tribal members using marijuana on tribal land risks prosecution so the plan was stopped.

Geography

Flandreau is located at 44°2′52″N 96°35′47″W / 44.04778°N 96.59639°W / 44.04778; -96.59639 (44.047855, −96.596417), along the Big Sioux River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.93 square miles (5.00 km2), of which, 1.86 square miles (4.82 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) is water.

Flandreau has been assigned the ZIP code 57028 and the FIPS place code 21540.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 471
1890 569 20.8%
1900 1,244 118.6%
1910 1,484 19.3%
1920 1,929 30.0%
1930 1,934 0.3%
1940 2,212 14.4%
1950 2,193 −0.9%
1960 2,129 −2.9%
1970 2,027 −4.8%
1980 2,114 4.3%
1990 2,311 9.3%
2000 2,376 2.8%
2010 2,341 −1.5%
Est. 2015 2,303 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
2015 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,341 people, 973 households, and 583 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,258.6 inhabitants per square mile (485.9/km2). There were 1,091 housing units at an average density of 586.6 per square mile (226.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 64.2% White, 0.5% African American, 27.7% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 1.5% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population.

There were 973 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 38.4 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,376 people, 986 households, and 605 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,370.9 people per square mile (530.3/km2). There were 1,090 housing units at an average density of 628.9 per square mile (243.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.62% White, 0.46% African American, 24.92% Native American, 1.22% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 2.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population.

There were 986 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $31,090, and the median income for a family was $40,272. Males had a median income of $26,369 versus $19,738 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,895. About 9.8% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Early history

The British established a Hudson's Bay Company trading post in 1763 near present-day Flandreau.

Flandreau SD 1883
1883 illustration of Flandreau

The town of Flandreau, or possibly Flandrau, was originally settled in 1857, and named for U.S Indian Agent Charles E. Flandrau. The settlement, like others in the region was abandoned within a year, as a result of threatening activities of the Yankton Sioux. In 1869, the town was resettled by twenty-five families of Christianized Sioux from the Santee reservation. White settlement resumed in 1872. When Moody County was organized in 1873, Flandreau was made the county seat. Richard F. Pettigrew of Sioux Falls, a relative of Pettigrew settlers in Flandreau, made the establishment of an Indian School at Flandreau part of his successful 1889 campaign for the U.S. Senate; the Riggs Institute was opened in 1892 and is today known as the Flandreau Indian School.


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