Fredon Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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Fredon Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Fredon
Map of Fredon Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Fredon Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Fredon Township, New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Fredon Township, New Jersey.
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Sussex
Incorporated February 24, 1904
Area
 • Total 17.999 sq mi (46.617 km2)
 • Land 17.720 sq mi (45.896 km2)
 • Water 0.279 sq mi (0.722 km2)  1.55%
Area rank 158th of 566 in state
14th of 24 in county
Elevation 830 ft (250 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 3,437
 • Estimate (2015) 3,254
 • Rank 434th of 566 in state
16th of 24 in county
 • Density 194.0/sq mi (74.9/km2)
 • Density rank 507th of 566 in state
17th of 24 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07860 - Newton
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 3403725140
GNIS feature ID 0882268
Website www.twp.fredon.nj.us

Fredon Township (/ˈfrdən/ FREE-dən) is a township in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,437, reflecting an increase of 577 (+20.2%) from the 2,860 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 97 (+3.5%) from the 2,763 counted in the 1990 Census.

In 1800, Isaac V. Coursen named the Stillwater Township area "Coursen's Corners" after establishing a post office in his store, the Coursen House, but changed the name to Fredon Village before his death in 1855. Stillwater Township's Bicentennial Committee obtained information from the Postmaster General which "states that 'Fredon' is derived from the German word 'fredonia,' meaning place of freedom." Fredon Township was incorporated on February 24, 1904, from portions of Andover Township, Green Township, Hampton Township and Stillwater Township.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 17.999 square miles (46.617 km2), including 17.720 square miles (45.896 km2) of land and 0.279 square mile (0.722 km2) of water (1.55%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Hunts Pond, Muckshaw Pond and Stillwater.

Hampton and Stillwater Townships border Fredon on the northwest. It was along this border, through the Paulinskill Valley, that the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway operated from 1872 until 1962, taking agricultural products to New York City. Today the right-of-way has been developed into the Paulinskill Valley Trail, a non-motorized multi-use trail that is part of the Kittatinny Valley State Park.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 457
1920 269 −41.1%
1930 412 53.2%
1940 478 16.0%
1950 584 22.2%
1960 804 37.7%
1970 1,372 70.6%
1980 2,281 66.3%
1990 2,763 21.1%
2000 2,860 3.5%
2010 3,437 20.2%
Est. 2015 3,254 −5.3%
Population sources: 1910-1920
1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,437 people, 1,207 households, and 972.8 families residing in the township. The population density was 194.0 per square mile (74.9/km2). There were 1,289 housing units at an average density of 72.7 per square mile (28.1/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 96.04% (3,301) White, 0.52% (18) Black or African American, 0.12% (4) Native American, 1.69% (58) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.61% (21) from other races, and 1.02% (35) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.70% (127) of the population.

There were 1,207 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.9% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.4% were non-families. 15.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the township, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 33.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 97.1 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $104,074 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,084) and the median family income was $110,000 (+/- $10,332). Males had a median income of $78,000 (+/- $7,722) versus $42,981 (+/- $6,474) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $40,761 (+/- $4,361). About 0.0% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 2,860 people, 982 households, and 818 families residing in the township. The population density was 161.1 people per square mile (62.2/km²). There were 1,019 housing units at an average density of 57.4 per square mile (22.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.17% White, 0.52% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.17% of the population.

There were 982 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.5% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were non-families. 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the township the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $75,710, and the median income for a family was $84,038. Males had a median income of $52,396 versus $34,205 for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,430. About 0.7% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 51.38 miles (82.69 km) of roadways, of which 31.94 miles (51.40 km) were maintained by the municipality, 13.13 miles (21.13 km) by Sussex County and 6.31 miles (10.15 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.


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