Gabriel García Márquez facts for kids
Gabriel García Márquez
García Márquez in February 2002
March 6, 1927|
|Died||April 17, 2014
Mexico City, Mexico
|Occupation||novelist, short-story writer, and journalist.|
|Literary movement||Magical Realism|
He was best known for his novels One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975) and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985). His books were mainly about satire, solitude, magic realism, realism, and violence.
He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in December 1982. The reason was "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts".
Márquez wrote his last book in 2004. He retired in May 2008 because of his age and health.
Márquez was born in Aracataca, Colombia. His parents were Gabriel Eligio García and Luisa Santiaga Márquez. His father was a pharmacist. His mother left him at a young age and he was raised by his grandparents and father. He studied at the University of Cartagena.
He started as a journalist, and wrote many famous non-fiction works and short stories. Márquez began writing at the age of eighteen. His began writing about living in an old house with grandparents.
He is best known for his novels, such as One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975) and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985).
In 1982, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts". When he was accepting the award, Márquez gave a speech called "The Solitude of Latin America".
Several of his stories have inspired other writers and directors. In 1987, the Italian director Francesco Rosi directed the movie Cronaca di una morte annunciata, based on Chronicle of a Death Foretold, written by Márquez.
A number of movies have been made of García Márquez's work. He also wrote some scripts for movies. He often worked with Carlos Fuentes for writing scripts. His famous book, Love in the Time of Cholera was also made into a movie in 2007.
Márquez met his wife, Mercedes Barcha, when they were in college. They wanted to get married when they both finished college but Márquez was sent to Europe. When he returned, Márquez married Barcha in 1958.
Márquez had two sons with Barcha. His first son, Rodrigo García, was born in 1959, one year after Márquez and Barcha were married. His second son, Gonzalo, was born in 1962 in Mexico. Rodrigo is a movie director and Gonzalo is a graphic designer.
Márquez and his family traveled by bus to Mexico. They settled in Mexico City. Márquez had always wanted to see the Southern United States because it inspired the writings of William Faulkner. Márquez lived with his family in Mexico City.
In 1999, García Márquez was diagnosed with lymphatic cancer. He went through chemotherapy and made a quick recovery. But, Márquez began developing side effects of old age which drove to his retirement in May 2008.
In 2012, Márquez became sick from Alzheimer's disease. On April 3, 2014, Márquez was hospitalized in Mexico. He had infections in his lungs and his urinary tract and was suffering from dehydration. Márquez later had pneumonia.
- Leaf Storm (1958)
- No one writes to the Colonel (1961)
- In Evil Hour (1962)
- One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967)
- The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975)
- Chronicle of a Death Foretold (1981)
- Love in the Time of Cholera (1985)
- The General in His Labyrinth (1989)
- Of Love and Other Demons (1994)
Short Story Collections
- Big Mama's Funeral (1962)
- Innocent Eréndira (1972)
- Eyes of a Blue Dog (1974)
- Strange Pilgrims (1992)
- The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor (1970)
- Clandestine in Chile (1986)
- News of a Kidnapping (1996)
- Living to Tell the Tale (2002)
Images for kids
García Márquez billboard in Aracataca: "I feel Latin American from whatever country, but I have never renounced the nostalgia of my homeland: Aracataca, to which I returned one day and discovered that between reality and nostalgia was the raw material for my work".—Gabriel García Márquez
Gabriel García Márquez Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.