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Gaines Township, Genesee County, Michigan facts for kids

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Gaines Township, Michigan
Location within Genesee County (red) and the administered village of Gaines (pink)
Location within Genesee County (red) and the administered village of Gaines (pink)
Gaines Township, Michigan is located in Michigan
Gaines Township, Michigan
Gaines Township, Michigan
Location in Michigan
Gaines Township, Michigan is located in the United States
Gaines Township, Michigan
Gaines Township, Michigan
Location in the United States
Nation United States
State Michigan
County Genesee
Settled 1836
Organized 1842
 • Total 35.3 sq mi (91.4 km2)
 • Land 35.2 sq mi (91.2 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)  0.20%
810 ft (247 m)
 • Total 6,820
 • Density 184.4/sq mi (71.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
48429 (Durand)
48436 (Gaines)
48449 (Lennon)
48473 (Swartz Creek)
Area code(s) 810 and 989
FIPS code 26-31220
GNIS feature ID 1626328

Gaines Township is a civil township of Genesee County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 6,820 at the 2010 census.


  • The Village of Gaines is located within the township.
  • Duffield is an unincorporated community in the township that is located at the intersection of Duffield and Reid Roads, south of the railroad tracks at 42°55′41″N 83°54′36″W / 42.92806°N 83.91000°W / 42.92806; -83.91000 (Duffield, Michigan).


The first settler, Hartford Cargill, moved into the township section 36. Other early settlers settled in an area called Fletcher's Corners. Philander McLain's family settled in what is now the City of Swartz Creek. Ephraim Fletcher came to Gaines from New York in 1836 and settled on Van Vleet Road (section 16).

Mundy Township was organized in 1837 and included Gaines Township, which was organized in 1842. A school was started around 1845 by the Van Vleet and Cargill areas.


Gaines Township which was organized in 1842 from Mundy Township. Joshua Dart, the oldest male resident, was given the hour of naming the township. He then named it after General Gaines, an acquaintance who fought in the War of 1812.

On October 4, 1852, the Gaines Post Office was opened. With two Gaines Post Offices, this post office was renamed to Covert on January 2, 1863. On April 13, 1865, Covert was closed.

The Village of Gaines area did not see a settler until 1856. The first passenger train passed through the future village site on July 4, 1856. A post office was established that same year as the Gaines Station office.

Years Supervisor Town Clerk Treasurer Justices of the Peace Constables Overseers of Highways Highway Commissioners
1842 William Young Martin Dart Ephraim Fletcher James P. Allen, Philander McLain, Walter B. Beers, Frederick Wilcox Elisha Martin, Layman Davis William Young, Jonathan Yerkes, Marvin Williams, William Gazlay, John Rood, Walter Beers, Lyman Perkins, Lyman Cargill, Fred Wilcox, Elijah Lyman James P. Allen, Lyman Perkins, William Gazley

Crapo Farm

Crapo Farm was built by Henry H. Crapo in 1860. The original land was a drained swamp. The farm was at its peak 1,100 acres. The location was considered a hamlet and had a depot called Crapo. Henry M. Flagler was worker on the farm during its early years.

Henry died in 1869 leaving his farm to his only son William W. Crapo. With the railroad coming through the farm in 1876, William negotiated for of the railroad ditches for drainage plus its own private side track. The side track was for visitors and produce including cattle. Thus, the farm was the only one with a private depot on the railroad timetables. Land was donated for a new school, Mary Crapo, which was finished in 1928. In the early 1950s, depot usage was discontinued. Crapo Farm was sold in the 1955 after donating a part for St. Mary's Cemetery. A subdivision was built on part of the farm called Winchester Village followed by another, Winchester Woods. Both were incorporated into the City of Swartz Creek in 1959.

Modern era

In 2000, the Township started its own one officer police department with the assistance of the Michigan State Police Department.

In 2013, the police chief turned in a resignation letter March 1. On March 6, the Board of Trustees voted 3 to 2 to disband its police department with the State Police providing police protection by default.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 35.3 square miles (91 km2), of which 35.2 square miles (91 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.20%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 2,271
1970 3,379 48.8%
1980 5,209 54.2%
1990 5,391 3.5%
2000 6,491 20.4%
2010 6,820 5.1%
Source: Census Bureau. Census 1960- 2000, 2010.

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,491 people, 2,269 households, and 1,892 families residing in the township. The population density was 184.4 per square mile (71.2/km2). There were 2,334 housing units at an average density of 66.3 per square mile (25.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 96.92% White, 0.34% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population.

There were 2,269 households, out of which 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.2% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.6% were non-families. 13.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the township the population was spread out, with 26.5% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $66,289, and the median income for a family was $69,649. Males had a median income of $53,547 versus $35,386 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,816. About 3.1% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Municipio de Gaines (condado de Genesee, Míchigan) para niños

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