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Garwood, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Garwood
A foggy morning
A foggy morning
Map of Garwood in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Garwood in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Garwood, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Garwood, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated March 19, 1903
Area
 • Total 0.664 sq mi (1.720 km2)
 • Land 0.664 sq mi (1.720 km2)
 • Water 0.000 sq mi (0.000 km2)  0.00%
Area rank 533rd of 566 in state
20th of 21 in county
Elevation 82 ft (25 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 4,226
 • Estimate (2015) 4,351
 • Rank 404th of 566 in state
20th of 21 in county
 • Density 6,362.7/sq mi (2,456.7/km2)
 • Density rank 76th of 566 in state
8th of 21 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07027
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3403925800
GNIS feature ID 0885229

Garwood is a borough in Union County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,226, reflecting an increase of 73 (+1.8%) from the 4,153 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 74 (-1.8%) from the 4,227 counted in the 1990 Census.

History

Garwood was incorporated as a borough on March 19, 1903, from portions of Cranford Township and Westfield Town.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.664 square miles (1.720 km2), all of which was land.

The borough is roughly bisected by the tracks of NJ Transit's Raritan Valley Line, originally built as part of the Jersey Central railroad. On the north side of the railroad, most of the streets are numbered, while on the south side of Garwood most of the streets are named after trees.

Garwood borders the Union County municipalities of Cranford and Westfield.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,118
1920 2,084 86.4%
1930 3,344 60.5%
1940 3,622 8.3%
1950 4,622 27.6%
1960 5,426 17.4%
1970 5,260 −3.1%
1980 4,752 −9.7%
1990 4,227 −11.0%
2000 4,153 −1.8%
2010 4,226 1.8%
Est. 2015 4,351 3.0%
Population sources:
1910-1920 1900-1910
1910-1930 1930-1990
2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,226 people, 1,778 households, and 1,118 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,362.7 per square mile (2,456.7/km2). There were 1,870 housing units at an average density of 2,815.5 per square mile (1,087.1/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 93.23% (3,940) White, 1.06% (45) Black or African American, 0.02% (1) Native American, 2.04% (86) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.80% (76) from other races, and 1.85% (78) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.83% (373) of the population.

There were 1,778 households out of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.4 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 92.3 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $72,254 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,274) and the median family income was $86,959 (+/- $8,603). Males had a median income of $58,258 (+/- $3,197) versus $43,455 (+/- $3,625) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $35,753 (+/- $2,821). About 0.9% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 4,153 people, 1,731 households, and 1,125 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,292.9 people per square mile (2,429.5/km2). There were 1,782 housing units at an average density of 2,700.2 per square mile (1,042.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.91% White, 0.36% African American, 1.32% Asian, 1.54% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.98% of the population.

There were 1,731 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the borough the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 35.6% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $52,571, and the median income for a family was $64,053. Males had a median income of $50,951 versus $36,538 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,944. About 3.5% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 13.88 miles (22.34 km) of roadways, of which 11.90 miles (19.15 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.02 miles (1.64 km) by Union County and 0.96 miles (1.54 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Lincoln Avenue / New Jersey Route 59, which borders Cranford to the east, has been described as the shortest four-lane paved highway in the United States. It was built in the late 1920s, numbered Route 22 at the time and was originally planned to run from Fairfield Township to Rahway, but was never completed. Its total length is 792 feet (241 m).

Public transportation

The Garwood station offers limited NJ Transit rail service on the Raritan Valley Line. The station has limited service, does not have platforms and is not ADA compliant.

NJ Transit also provides bus service along two different lines, the 113 route to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan and the 59 bus to Newark.

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 15 minutes away. Linden Airport, a general aviation facility is in nearby Linden, New Jersey.

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