Clark, New Jersey facts for kids

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Clark, New Jersey
Township
Township of Clark
Motto: Growth, Industry, History
Map of Clark Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County in New Jersey.
Map of Clark Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Clark, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Clark, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated March 23, 1864
Named for Abraham Clark
Area
 • Total 4.494 sq mi (11.640 km2)
 • Land 4.301 sq mi (11.141 km2)
 • Water 0.193 sq mi (0.499 km2)  4.29%
Area rank 284th of 566 in state
11th of 21 in county
Elevation 39 ft (12 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 14,756
 • Estimate (2015) 15,535
 • Rank 170th of 566 in state
13th of 21 in county
 • Density 3,430.5/sq mi (1,324.5/km2)
 • Density rank 188th of 566 in state
16th of 21 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07066
Area code(s) 732/848
FIPS code 3403913150
GNIS feature ID 0882216
Website www.ourclark.com

Clark is a township in southern Union County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 14,756 reflecting an increase of 159 (+1.1%) from the 14,597 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 32 (-0.2%) from the 14,629 counted in the 1990 Census.

History

WilliamRobinsonPlantationHouse
Robinson Plantation House

The territory that would become Clark was originally a part of several of the early villages, the Robinson Plantation House and The Squire Hartshorne House, buildings from the late 17th century are remnants of the era. The Homestead Farm at Oak Ridge was the site of a skirmish preceding the Battle of Short Hills. In 1858, after the City of Rahway was incorporated the area of present-day Clark was designated as the 5th Ward of Rahway. Clark was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1864, from portions of Rahway. The township was named for Abraham Clark, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Portions of the township were taken to form Cranford Township (March 14, 1871) and Winfield Township (August 6, 1941).

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Clark as its 33rd best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey. In 2013, New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Clark as 174th in its rankings of "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 4.494 square miles (11.640 km2), including 4.301 square miles (11.141 km2) of land and 0.193 square miles (0.499 km2) of water (4.29%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Ashbrook, Florence Mills, Lenox, Madison Hill and Picton.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 331
1880 353 6.6%
1890 367 4.0%
1900 374 1.9%
1910 469 25.4%
1920 794 69.3%
1930 1,474 85.6%
1940 2,083 41.3%
1950 4,352 108.9%
1960 12,195 180.2%
1970 18,829 54.4%
1980 16,699 −11.3%
1990 14,629 −12.4%
2000 14,597 −0.2%
2010 14,756 1.1%
Est. 2015 15,535 5.3%
Population sources:
1870-1920 1870
1880-1890 1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 14,756 people, 5,562 households, and 4,038 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,430.5 per square mile (1,324.5/km2). There were 5,751 housing units at an average density of 1,337.0 per square mile (516.2/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 93.29% (13,766) White, 0.84% (124) Black or African American, 0.10% (15) Native American, 3.71% (547) Asian, 0.03% (5) Pacific Islander, 1.15% (169) from other races, and 0.88% (130) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.50% (1,107) of the population.

There were 5,562 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the township, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.8 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 88.8 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $80,959 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,674) and the median family income was $99,839 (+/- $7,789). Males had a median income of $65,399 (+/- $3,444) versus $49,649 (+/- $3,780) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,288 (+/- $2,811). About 2.3% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 14,597 people, 5,637 households, and 4,126 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,359.6 people per square mile (1,298.6/km2). There were 5,709 housing units at an average density of 1,314.0 per square mile (507.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.61% White, 0.30% African American, 0.01% Native American, 2.75% Asian, 0.63% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Also Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.67% of the population.

There were 5,637 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the township the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $65,019, and the median income for a family was $77,291. Males had a median income of $54,543 versus $36,361 for females. The per capita income for the township was $29,883. About 1.0% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 58.95 miles (94.87 km) of roadways, of which 48.34 miles (77.80 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.03 miles (12.92 km) by Union County and 2.58 miles (4.15 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

The Clark Circle connects Central Avenue, Brant Avenue, Valley Road, and the Garden State Parkway via Exit 135. The New Jersey Turnpike Authority redesigned the circle as part of a project that ran from 2007 to 2009 under which the movements at the circle are now controlled by traffic lights. Interchange 135 on the Parkway is signed for Clark / Westfield.

Public transportation

The Lehigh Valley Railroad served the town with a passenger station in the Picton section. The rail line remains active under Conrail's auspices. A spur line, the Bloodgood Branch, still serves one customer.

NJ Transit provides bus service to New York City and points in-between. The 112 route provides service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 11 miles (18 km) from Clark.


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