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Cranford, New Jersey
Township
Township of Cranford
Droeschers Mill
Droeschers Mill
Nickname(s): 
"The Venice of New Jersey"
Motto(s): 
"Friendship and Progress"
Map of Cranford Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Cranford Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Cranford, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Cranford, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated March 14, 1871
Government
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor Andis Kalnins (R, term ends December 31, 2019)
 • Administrator Terrance Wall
 • Clerk Tara Rowley
Area
 • Total 4.869 sq mi (12.609 km2)
 • Land 4.830 sq mi (12.509 km2)
 • Water 0.039 sq mi (0.100 km2)  0.80%
Area rank 281st of 566 in state
10th of 21 in county
Elevation
82 ft (25 m)
Population
 • Total 22,625
 • Estimate 
(2015)
24,143
 • Rank 112th of 566 in state
8th of 21 in county
 • Density 4,684.6/sq mi (1,808.7/km2)
 • Density rank 117th of 566 in state
11th of 21 in county
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP code
07016
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3403915640
GNIS feature ID 0882214

Cranford is a township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 22,625, reflecting an increase of 47 (+0.2%) from the 22,578 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 55 (−0.2%) from the 22,633 counted in the 1990 Census.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Cranford as its 34th best place to live in its 2010 rankings of the "Best Places To Live".

History

Cranford was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 14, 1871, from portions of the Townships of Clark, Linden, Springfield, Union and Westfield. Portions of the township were taken to form Garwood (March 19, 1903) and Kenilworth (March 13, 1907). The township's name is said to derive from the Crane family, including John Crane, who built a mill in 1720 along the Rahway River.

Historic preservation

Historic sites in the township are overseen by the Cranford Historic Preservation Advisory Board, whose purpose is to identify, record and maintain a system for survey and inventory of all building sites, places and landmarks and structures of historical or architectural significance based on the Secretary of the Interior's Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and Historic Preservation.

The Cranford Historical Society, a private entity founded in 1927 and located in Hanson Park on Springfield Avenue, maintains the Crane-Phillips House (c. 1845), located at 124 North Union Avenue, as a museum.

Historic figures

James E. Warner (1866-1933) is the namesake of the James E. Warner Plaza at the Cranford Train Station. Former sheriff of Union County. Appalled by the growing pollution of the Rahway given the pristine waters of his youth, Sheriff Warner advocated for the preservation of the Rahway River and Rahway River Parkway parkland. One of Sheriff Warner's successful targets in fighting Rahway River pollution was his battle against the discharge of paper makers; one such site is now the famed regional theater known as the Paper Mill Playhouse in Millburn.

Charles Hansel (1859–1936) was co-founder of the Union County Parks Commission that preserved parkland all along the Rahway River and its tributaries in the 1920s (a greenway known as the Rahway River Parkway). He was an engineer for the Pennsylvania Railroad and Central Railroad of New Jersey. Hansel lived in the 300 block of North Union Avenue in a home that still stands today, later moving to what is now Gray's Funeral Home, near what is now called Hansel's Dam by Sperry Park. For his Rahway River preservation efforts, a memorial copper plaque was placed to Hansel in Echo Lake Park.

Joshua Bryant (1852-1898) was Cranford's first African-American law enforcement officer and the township's first African-American citizen to hold elective office.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 4.869 square miles (12.609 km2), including 4.830 square miles (12.509 km2) of land and 0.039 square miles (0.1 km2) of water (0.80%),

There are nine municipalities bordering the township: Garwood and Westfield to the west, Springfield Township to the north, Kenilworth to the northeast, Roselle and Roselle Park to the east, Linden to the southeast, Winfield Park and Clark to the south.

Parks

Township parks

Parks run by the township (and overseen by the Cranford Recreation and Parks Department) include:

  • Adams Park – Adams Avenue and Lambert Street. Morses Creek (New Jersey) dips into Cranford behind this park.
  • Buchanan Park – Centennial Avenue and Buchanan Avenue
  • Canoe Club – Springfield Avenue and Orange Avenue The Cranford Canoe Club rents canoes and kayaks for trips on the Rahway River in Cranford. The current structure was built as a private canoe club in 1908.
  • Community Center – Walnut Avenue
  • Josiah Crane Park – Springfield Avenue and North Union Avenue. In 1971, the Cranford Historical Society marked the farm and village home of Josiah Crane Sr. (1791–1873) in a park across from the First Presbyterian Church on the Rahway River. This park now features Cranford's 9/11 Memorial monument.
  • Cranford West – Hope, N.J. Originally the home of the Cranford Boys Club on Silver Lake from the 1920s to the 1960s
  • Girl Scout Park – Springfield Avenue and Orange Avenue. This was once the site of a canoe club, later the Neva Sykes Girl Scout House, demolished in the 1950s.
  • Hampton Park – Eastman Street and Hampton Street
  • Hanson Park – Springfield Avenue and Holly Street. Home of the Hanson Park Conservancy.
  • Johnson Park – Johnson Avenue. The Johnson Avenue playground opened in July 1957.
  • Lincoln Park – Lincoln Avenue at South Union. What is now Lincoln Park was the Cranford Golf Club in 1899, now moved to Westfield and called the Echo Lake Country Club. The Lincoln Avenue grounds were designed by Willie Dunn. Lincoln Park was also originally a former estate said to have supplied lumber to build the USS Constitution ("Old Ironsides") in the 1700s. The grounds, at the corner of the Old York Road and Benjamin Street, also included the largest sour gum ever recorded in the Northeastern states, known as the Cranford Pepperidge Tree or "Old Peppy." The park has hosted bocce ball tournaments since the mid-1960s.
  • Mayor's Park – Springfield Avenue and North Union Avenue
  • Memorial Park – Springfield Avenue and Central Avenue
  • Roosevelt Park – Orange Avenue and Pacific Avenue
  • Sherman Park – Lincoln Avenue East. Former site of Sherman School and located on the Old York Road.

County parks

Parks run by the county inside Cranford's borders (overseen by the Union County, New Jersey Parks and Recreation Department) include:

  • Lenape Park in Cranford, Kenilworth, Springfield, Union and Westfield. Two tusks from an ancient American mastodon were found in 1936 north of Kenilworth Boulevard in what is now Lenape Park (other sources name the swampy area directly behind what is now the parking lot of Union County College's main building).
  • MacConnell Park (formerly known as Liberty Park and frequently misspelled as "McConnell Park") is named after the town's first physician, Joseph Kerr MacConnell. It is located on Eastman Street and was known as the Peninsula during the Victorian era due to its position nearly encircled by the Rahway River.
  • Nomahegan Park (off Springfield Avenue across from Union County College) is named for a tributary of the Rahway River that runs through it, to Lenape Park to Echo Lake Park in Westfield and Springfield, called Nomahegan Brook. The name "Nomahegan" has had many different spellings in the historical sources (such as "Normahiggins") and may mean "she-wolf" or "women Mohegans." Federal Writers' Project, The WPA Guide to New Jersey: The Garden State (1939) ("CRANFORD is an old residential town spread along the RAHWAY RIVER PARKWAY, a link of nearly 7 miles joining a series of county parks and playgrounds with the Essex County park system. There are facilities for summer and winter sports, a rifle range, and picnic grove. The Fourth of July canoe regatta is an annual affair. Gardens of fine old Victorian houses line the edge of the parkway on the riverbank. A broadening of the river parkway at the northern end of Cranford is known as NOMAHEGAN PARK. The name Nomahegan is a variation of Noluns Mohegans, as the New Jersey Indians were called in the treaty ending the Indian troubles in 1758. It is translated as women Mohegans or she-wolves and was applied to them in scorn by the fighting Iroquois.").
  • Droeschers Mill Park, located near the dam at Droeschers Mill on High Street. Also called Squire Williams Park.
  • Mohawk Park is located on Mohawk Drive in Cranford's Sunny Acres (aka Indian Village) section of town.
  • Sperry Park (named after William Miller Sperry), located off North Union Avenue. Home of annual rubber duck derby as a fundraiser for Hanson Park further upstream on the Rahway River.
  • Unami Park (located at Lexington and S. Union Avenue).

Rahway River Parkway - Cranford Section

The Rahway River Parkway is a greenway of parkland that hugs the Rahway River and its tributaries. It was designed in the 1920s by the Olmsted Brothers firm, who were the sons of the eminent landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. The Cranford section follows the banks of the meandering Rahway River as it flows south through Lenape Park, Nomahegan Park, Hampton Park, MacConnell Park, Hanson Park, Sperry Park, Crane's Park, Droeschers Mill Park, and Mohawk Park.

Further information: Rahway River

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cranford has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Climate data for Cranford, New Jersey.
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(22.8)
75
(23.9)
90
(32.2)
97
(36.1)
96
(35.6)
98
(36.7)
105
(40.6)
103
(39.4)
99
(37.2)
88
(31.1)
81
(27.2)
76
(24.4)
105
(40.6)
Average high °F (°C) 40.1
(4.5)
43.6
(6.44)
52.6
(11.44)
63.9
(17.72)
73.7
(23.17)
82.0
(27.78)
86.7
(30.39)
84.9
(29.39)
77.7
(25.39)
66.4
(19.11)
55.8
(13.22)
44.6
(7)
64.3
(17.94)
Average low °F (°C) 21.5
(-5.83)
23.3
(-4.83)
30.5
(-0.83)
39.3
(4.06)
49.0
(9.44)
58.6
(14.78)
63.7
(17.61)
62.6
(17)
55.1
(12.83)
43.1
(6.17)
35.1
(1.72)
26.6
(-3)
42.4
(5.78)
Record low °F (°C) -10
(-23.3)
-6
(-21.1)
1
(-17.2)
12
(-11.1)
24
(-4.4)
32
(0)
42
(5.6)
39
(3.9)
33
(0.6)
22
(-5.6)
14
(-10)
-5
(-20.6)
-10
(-23.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.72
(94.5)
3.00
(76.2)
4.25
(108)
4.25
(108)
4.52
(114.8)
4.32
(109.7)
5.08
(129)
4.73
(120.1)
4.66
(118.4)
4.31
(109.5)
4.16
(105.7)
4.22
(107.2)
51.22
(1,301)
Snowfall inches (cm) 6.9
(17.5)
7.9
(20.1)
3.7
(9.4)
0.4
(1)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.4
(1)
4.2
(10.7)
23.5
(59.7)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,184
1890 1,717 45.0%
1900 2,854 66.2%
1910 3,641 27.6%
1920 6,001 64.8%
1930 11,126 85.4%
1940 12,860 15.6%
1950 18,602 44.7%
1960 26,424 42.0%
1970 27,391 3.7%
1980 24,573 −10.3%
1990 22,633 −7.9%
2000 22,578 −0.2%
2010 22,625 0.2%
Est. 2015 24,143 6.7%
Population sources:
1880–1920 1880–1890
1890–1910 1910–1930
1930–1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 22,625 people, 8,583 households, and 6,154 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,684.6 per square mile (1,808.7/km2). There were 8,816 housing units at an average density of 1,825.4 per square mile (704.8/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 91.85% (20,781) White, 2.62% (592) Black or African American, 0.08% (18) Native American, 2.84% (643) Asian, 0.02% (4) Pacific Islander, 1.03% (234) from other races, and 1.56% (353) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.51% (1,474) of the population.

There were 8,583 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the township, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.8 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 87.2 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $107,052 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,725) and the median family income was $128,534 (+/- $7,200). Males had a median income of $81,979 (+/- $7,672) versus $61,649 (+/- $4,965) for females. The per capita income for the township was $48,008 (+/- $2,581). About 2.1% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 22,578 people, 8,397 households, and 6,222 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,684.2 people per square mile (1,808.6/km²). There were 8,560 housing units at an average density of 1,775.9 per square mile (685.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 93.70% White, 2.58% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, 2.15% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 3.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,397 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the township the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $76,338, and the median income for a family was $86,624. Males had a median income of $60,757 versus $41,020 for females. The per capita income for the township was $33,283. About 1.0% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 78.60 miles (126.49 km) of roadways, of which 67.25 miles (108.23 km) were maintained by the municipality, 7.77 miles (12.50 km) by Union County and 1.72 miles (2.77 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.86 miles (2.99 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

The Garden State Parkway passes through the township, connecting Clark in the south to Kenilworth in the north. The Parkway is accessible at interchange 136 to County Route 607 for Linden / Roselle / Winfield Park and at interchange 137 for Route 28. Interchange 136 is known as the "four corners", where Clark, Winfield, Cranford and Linden meet.

Cranford's Pace Car Program creates safer roads when drivers pledge to "drive within the posted speed limit", "stop at all stop signs", "stop at all red traffic lights", and "yield to pedestrians in crosswalks".

Public transportation

Cranford NJ street and stores and train station
The Cranford station is to the lower right and offers commuter service to Newark and elsewhere.

The Cranford station offers service to Newark Penn Station, New York City Penn Station, and points east, along with Raritan, High Bridge and numerous points west on the NJ Transit Raritan Valley Line, formerly the mainline of the Central Railroad of New Jersey. Via Newark Penn Station, Secaucus Junction and NYC Penn Station, connections are possible to all other NJT rail lines (except Atlantic City,) PATH trains, AirTrain Newark to Newark Liberty International Airport, Amtrak regional and long distance trains and the Long Island Rail Road.

NJ Transit also provides bus service on the 112 and 113 routes between Cranford and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City and on the 59 and 66 to Newark. The 56, 57 and 58 routes provide local service.

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 13 minutes away in Newark / Elizabeth. Linden Airport, a general aviation facility, is in nearby Linden.

The southern section of the township is bisected by Conrail's freight-only Lehigh Line (jointly owned by CSX and Norfolk Southern) along the tracks of the former Lehigh Valley Railroad. The former Staten Island Railway connects with the Raritan Valley Line in Cranford, reaching the island via the Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge. That line has been rehabilitated and since 2007 between Port Newark and Howland Hook and transports containers from the Howland Hook Marine Terminal, an intermodal freight transport service known as ExpressRail.

In film and television

  • Several episodes in the third season of the 1990s Nickelodeon television show, The Adventures of Pete & Pete were filmed in Cranford. One episode was shot at Cranford's Orange Avenue Pool and another at Cranford High School and Brookside Place School. Another episode was filmed at Modern Barber Shop. Scenes for the home of the title characters were filmed at a house at 11 Willow Street.
  • Cranford is the setting of the 2005 film Guess Who, starring Bernie Mac and Ashton Kutcher.
  • Portions of the films Far from Heaven, Garden State and September 12 were shot in Cranford.

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