kids encyclopedia robot

Springfield Township, Union County, New Jersey facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Springfield Township, New Jersey
Township of Springfield
First Congregation of the Presbyterian Church at Springfield
First Congregation of the Presbyterian Church at Springfield
Map of Springfield Township in Union County. Inset: location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Springfield Township in Union County. Inset: location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Springfield Township, Union County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Springfield Township, Union County, New Jersey
Springfield Township, New Jersey is located in Union County, New Jersey
Springfield Township, New Jersey
Springfield Township, New Jersey
Location in Union County, New Jersey
Springfield Township, New Jersey is located in New Jersey
Springfield Township, New Jersey
Springfield Township, New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Springfield Township, New Jersey is located in the United States
Springfield Township, New Jersey
Springfield Township, New Jersey
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Union
Formed April 14, 1794
Incorporated February 21, 1798
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Total 5.17 sq mi (13.40 km2)
 • Land 5.16 sq mi (13.36 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)  0.31%
Area rank 272nd of 565 in state
9th of 21 in county
138 ft (42 m)
 • Total 15,817
 • Estimate 
 • Rank 161st of 566 in state
12th of 21 in county
 • Density 3,057.2/sq mi (1,180.4/km2)
 • Density rank 211th of 566 in state
18th of 21 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 908 and 973
FIPS code 3403970020
GNIS feature ID 0882213

Springfield Township is a township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. The township is located on a ridge in northern-central New Jersey, within the Raritan Valley and Rahway Valley regions in the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 15,817, the highest recorded at any decennial census, reflecting an increase of 1,388 (+9.6%) from the 14,429 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,009 (+7.5%) from the 13,420 counted in the 1990 Census. Recent housing construction has pushed the township's population to 17,464 as of the 2019 census estimate.

Springfield was formed as a township on April 14, 1794, from portions of Elizabeth Township and Newark Township, while the area was still part of Essex County, and was incorporated as one of New Jersey's first 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. It became part of the newly formed Union County on March 19, 1857, with portions remaining in Essex County used to create Millburn. Other portions of the township have been taken to form New Providence Township (November 8, 1809, now known as Berkeley Heights), Livingston (February 5, 1813), Summit (March 23, 1869) and Cranford (March 14, 1871). The township's name derives from springs and brooks in the area.

The Battle of Springfield was fought here, the last of many battles of the American Revolutionary War to be fought in New Jersey.

Springfield is the home of the Baltusrol Golf Club, which was the host to the 2016 PGA Championship. It has also hosted other golf major championships, including the U.S. Open, held on seven occasions at Baltusrol, most recently in 1993. Golfweek magazine ranked Baltusrol as the 36th best in its 2010 rankings of the "Best Classic Courses" in the country.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Springfield as the 85th best place to live in New Jersey in its 2010 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.


Springfield is celebrated as the site of a Battle of Springfield between the American Continental Army and British forces on June 23, 1780. The British, under Hessian General Wilhelm von Knyphausen, advanced from Elizabethtown about 5 o'clock in the morning. They were opposed by General Nathanael Greene, but owing to the superior number of the enemy he was compelled to evacuate Springfield, which was then burned by the British. During the action the Rev. James Caldwell, chaplain in the New Jersey brigade, is said to have distributed the Watts hymn books from the neighboring Presbyterian Church among the soldiers for wadding, saying at the same time, "Now put Watts into them, boys." This battle prevented further advance on the part of the British. The American loss was about 15 and that of the British about 150.

Some historical landmarks from the Revolution still stand: the Cannon Ball House, which has since been converted into a museum was (according to the township's official website) "Built circa 1741 and served as a farmhouse at the time of the Revolutionary War. During the Battle of Springfield (June 23, 1780) the British used it as a hospital. ... It was one of only three buildings left standing when all others including the Presbyterian Church where Reverend James Caldwell had taken Watts hymnbooks for rifle wadding, were set on fire. ... In later years the house became a tavern to serve travelers on Morris (Ave) Turnpike. The farmland was later sold off, and it served then as a private residence. The property was acquired by the Springfield Historical Society in 1955. It has become known as The Cannon Ball House because a cannonball was found on the west side embedded in a beam. ... The Cannon Ball House has five revolutionary era rooms, some American Civil War items, early tools, a Battle diorama and a colonial garden. It has just been (1998) renovated to its original appearance and color." After being burnt down by the British, First Presbyterian Church, was rebuilt. A statue of a Continental Soldier was erected in 1903 at the site of the smallest state park in New Jersey.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 5.193 square miles (13.449 km2), including 5.174 square miles (13.400 km2) of land and 0.019 square miles (0.049 km2) of water (0.37%).

The Township of Springfield is located on the northern edge of Union County and is bordered by Millburn to the north in Essex County, by Union Township to the east, by Kenilworth to the southeast, by Westfield and Cranford to the south, by Mountainside to the southwest and by Summit to the northwest.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Baltusrol, Branch Mills and Milltown.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,360
1820 1,804 −23.6%
1830 1,656 −8.2%
1840 1,651 −0.3%
1850 1,945 17.8%
1860 1,020 −47.6%
1870 770 −24.5%
1880 844 9.6%
1890 959 13.6%
1900 1,073 11.9%
1910 1,246 16.1%
1920 1,715 37.6%
1930 3,725 117.2%
1940 4,148 11.4%
1950 7,214 73.9%
1960 14,467 100.5%
1970 15,740 8.8%
1980 13,955 −11.3%
1990 13,420 −3.8%
2000 14,429 7.5%
2010 15,817 9.6%
2019 (est.) 17,464 10.4%
Population sources:
1810-1920 1840
1850-1870 1850 1870
1880-1890 1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 15,817 people, 6,511 households, and 4,265 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,057.2 per square mile (1,180.4/km2). There were 6,736 housing units at an average density of 1,302.0 per square mile (502.7/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 82.46% (13,042) White, 6.25% (989) Black or African American, 0.06% (10) Native American, 7.70% (1,218) Asian, 0.01% (2) Pacific Islander, 1.75% (277) from other races, and 1.76% (279) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.50% (1,502) of the population.

There were 6,511 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the township, the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. For every 100 females there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 84.7 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $84,038 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,139) and the median family income was $111,359 (+/- $8,121). Males had a median income of $74,335 (+/- $7,959) versus $62,859 (+/- $6,250) for females. The per capita income for the township was $46,393 (+/- $3,175). About 2.9% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.


Roads and highways

2021-07-06 15 21 17 View east along Interstate 78 (Phillipsburg-Newark Expressway) from the overpass for Union County Route 636 (Shunpike Road) in Springfield Township, Union County, New Jersey
I-78 eastbound in Springfield Township

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 56.53 miles (90.98 km) of roadways, of which 39.82 miles (64.08 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.63 miles (13.89 km) by Union County and 8.08 miles (13.00 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

A number of major highways and roadways pass through Springfield, including Interstate 78, U.S. Route 22, NJ Routes 24 and 124, as well as CR 509 Spur and CR 577.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan in New York City and to points in New Jersey including Newark Penn Station. Parking is available for a fee at a municipal lot near the center of town (Hannah Street and Center Street) and in the Duffy's Corner lot at Morris and Caldwell Place, which provide easy access to all NJ Transit buses that run through town. Annual permits are available from the town hall.

Although there is no train station in Springfield, the Millburn and Short Hills NJ Transit stations are located nearby, though neither allows commuter-hour parking for non-residents, and parking hours are very limited even on weekends. The closest stations that allow out-of-town residents access to parking are Maplewood and Summit, although both are full to capacity very early on weekdays. The 70 bus provides access from the center of town to NJ Transit's Summit and Millburn stations; Eastbound it terminates at NJ Transit's Newark Penn Station with connections to Amtrak, NJ Transit trains to New York Penn Station, and Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) trains. The township also runs a jitney that operates on weekdays during morning and evening rush hours from the community pool to NJ Transit's Short Hills station. NJ Transit buses 65, 66 and 70 (to Newark), the 114 (to Midtown Manhattan's Port Authority Bus Terminal) and local service on the 52 route also run along the town's major roadways.

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 10 miles (16 km) east of Springfield.

Historical transportation

The Rahway Valley Railroad passed through the community, and during the early 20th century offered both freight and passenger service, but is currently out of service. The section of the railway that extended from Springfield to Summit was taken out of service in 1976, though special trains were operated to provide service to Baltusrol during the 1980 U.S. Open.

A trolley line called the Morris County Traction Company, ran trolley service through Springfield to/from Newark and Morris County, in the early part of the 20th century.


The Springfield Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of five schools, had an enrollment of 2,273 students and 167.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.6:1. All of the township's schools are named after notable Springfieldians. For instance, the township's high school is named after Jonathan Dayton, a signer of the United States Constitution. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Edward V. Walton Early Childhood Center with 627 students in grades PreK-2, James Caldwell Elementary School with 255 students in grades 3-5, Thelma L. Sandmeier Elementary School with 261 students in grades 3-5, Florence M. Gaudineer Middle School with 512 students in grades 6-8 and Jonathan Dayton High School with 578 students in grades 9-12.

Adjacent to Florence M. Gaudineer Middle School is Saint James the Apostle School, a Catholic school serving students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grades with an enrollment of 148 students, operating under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Springfield Township, Union County, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Springfield Township include:

  • Lou Campanelli (born 1938), basketball coach
  • Anthony Cioffi (born 1994), football safety; played college football for Rutgers University and was signed by the Oakland Raiders
  • Jonas Coe (1805–1864), naval commander in Argentina and Uruguay
  • Jon Denning (born 1987), NASCAR driver
  • Ina Drew, former Chief Investment Officer at JP Morgan Chase who resigned following the 2012 JPMorgan Chase trading loss that resulted in billions in losses to the bank
  • George A. Halsey (1827–1894), politician; represented New Jersey's 5th congressional district in Congress 1867–1869 and 1871–1873
  • Toni Kalem (born 1951), actress, screenwriter and director; best known for her portrayal of Angie Bonpensiero on the HBO series The Sopranos
  • Louis Keller (1857–1922), publisher, social arbiter of high society and golf club owner, best known as the founder of the Baltusrol Golf Club and as the first publisher of the Social Register
  • Donald Lan (born 1930), politician; Secretary of State of New Jersey, 1977–1982
  • George Low Sr. (1874–1950), Scottish-American professional golfer who finished tied for second place in the 1899 U.S. Open championship
  • Dina Matos (born 1966), former First Lady of New Jersey
  • Gail J. McGovern (born 1952), businessperson who has served as President and CEO of the American Red Cross
  • Mark Melni, pianist and inventor
  • Curt Merz (born 1938), professional American football guard who played seven seasons in the American Football League for the Kansas City Chiefs.
  • Jackie Nese (born 1997), singer/songwriter, dancer, actor, who was a contestant on American Idol in 2015.
  • Dylan O'Brien (born 1991), actor
  • Harry Pappas, politician who served on the Springfield Township Committee, has held posts in the Democratic and Republican parties in New Jersey and is a perennial candidate for public office
  • Bernard Purdie (born 1941), prolific session drummer
  • Claudio Reyna (born 1973), professional soccer player
  • Jeff Ross (born 1965 as Jeffrey Ross Lifschultz), comedian
  • George Erik Rupp (born 1942), former President of Rice University and Columbia University; has headed the International Rescue Committee since 2002
  • Gabe Saporta (born 1979), lead singer and primary creative force behind the band Cobra Starship
  • Joe Schaffernoth (born 1937), pitcher who played for the Chicago Cubs and Cleveland Indians
  • Barbara Tropp (1948–2001), chef and cookery writer who helped introduce Americans to Chinese cuisine.
  • Zygi Wilf (born 1950), owner of the Minnesota Vikings
  • James Yee (born c. 1968), former United States Army chaplain with the rank of captain; best known for being subject to an intense investigation by the United States, but all charges were later dropped

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Municipio de Springfield (condado de Union, Nueva Jersey) para niños

kids search engine
Springfield Township, Union County, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.