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American Red Cross facts for kids

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American Red Cross
American Red Cross logo.svg
Formation May 21, 1881; 142 years ago (1881-05-21)
Founder Clara Barton
Legal status Instrumentality of the United States and a body corporate and politic
Purpose Humanitarian aid
Headquarters American Red Cross National Headquarters
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Region served
United States
Gail J. McGovern
Main organ
Board of Governors
US$2,714,189,000 (2017)

The American Red Cross (ARC), also known as The American National Red Cross, is a humanitarian group that gives emergency assistance, disaster relief, and teaches people how to prepare for disasters in the United States. It is the official US group related to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the United States movement to the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

The groups offers services and developments programs.



Clara Barton

Clara Barton (1821–1912) created the American chapter after learning of the Red Cross in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1869, she went to Europe and became involved with the International Red Cross during the Franco-Prussian War. She wanted to bring the group to America.


Recent presidents and CEOs include Gail McGovern, Elizabeth Dole, Bernadine Healy, Mary S. Elcano, Mark W. Everson and John F. McGuire.

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Cruz Roja Americana para niños

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