American Red Cross facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
American Red Cross
Formation May 21, 1881; 139 years ago (1881-05-21)
Legal status Instrumentality of the United States and a body corporate and politic
Purpose/focus Humanitarian aid
Headquarters American Red Cross National Headquarters
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Region served United States
President Gail J. McGovern
Main organ Board of Governors

The American Red Cross (ARC), also known as The American National Red Cross, is a humanitarian group that gives emergency assistance, disaster relief, and teaches people how to prepare for disasters in the United States. It is the official US group related to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the United States movement to the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

The groups offers services and developments programs.



Clara Barton

Clara Barton (1821–1912) created the American chapter after learning of the Red Cross in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1869, she went to Europe and became involved with the International Red Cross during the Franco-Prussian War. She wanted to bring the group to America.


Recent presidents and CEOs include Gail McGovern, Elizabeth Dole, Bernadine Healy, Mary S. Elcano, Mark W. Everson and John F. McGuire.

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American Red Cross Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.