Millburn, New Jersey facts for kids
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Millburn, New Jersey
|Township of Millburn|
South Mountain Reservation in Millburn
Census Bureau map of Millburn, New Jersey
|Incorporated||March 20, 1857|
|• Body||Township Committee|
|• Total||9.89 sq mi (25.62 km2)|
|• Land||9.33 sq mi (24.17 km2)|
|• Water||0.56 sq mi (1.45 km2) 5.64%|
|Area rank||211th of 565 in state
5th of 22 in county
|Elevation||394 ft (120 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Rank||129th of 566 in state
12th of 22 in county
|• Density||2,161.3/sq mi (834.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||280th of 566 in state
16th of 22 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
07078: Short Hills
|GNIS feature ID||0882221|
Millburn is a suburban township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population is 20,149, reflecting an increase of 384 (+1.9%) from the 19,765 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,135 (+6.1%) from the 18,630 counted in the 1990 Census. Short Hills is an upscale section and unincorporated community within Millburn.
Millburn was created as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 20, 1857, from portions of Springfield Township, when Union County was formed. Earlier known variously as Milltown, Millville, Rum Brook and Vauxhall, the name "Millburn" was adopted before the township was established. The township's name derives from the burn (Scottish for a stream) that powered mills in the area.
New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Millburn as the 53rd best place to live in New Jersey in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places to Live" in New Jersey.
Millburn had the highest annual property tax bills in New Jersey in 2018 of $24,308, compared to a statewide average of $8,767. The township had the highest annual bill in 2009 of $19,097, compared to the statewide average of $7,300 that year, which was the highest in the United States. This is primarily a function of high property values, as Millburn had the lowest effective property tax rate in 2014 (1.9%) among the 22 municipalities in Essex County.
The township is one of New Jersey's highest-income communities. In 2000, Millburn had the 6th-highest per capita income in the state, with $76,796. Based on data from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey, the township had a per-capita income of $84,663, ranked 10th in the state. Based on data from the American Community Survey for 2013–2017, Millburn residents had a median household income of $202,862, ranked highest in the state among municipalities with more than 10,000 residents, more than double the statewide median of $76,475.
Millburn was an agricultural settlement before it became a Victorian residential community. It was part of the Newark settlements in New Jersey in the 19th century made from Charles II from James, his brother, in the 17th century. Springfield Township was founded in 1783 which included Millburn.
Millburn played a vital role during the Revolutionary War. With George Washington's military camped outside at Morristown and the British assaulting through the Hobart Gap, Millburn was brought into the Revolutionary War. Washington purportedly saw his soldiers on a vital point in the South Mountain Reservation, then known as Washington Rock. The Battle of Springfield in 1780 was the last push of the British into New Jersey and the first fight since Bunker Hill. A token of the war exists in the Parsil family graveyard on White Oak Ridge Road, where Nicholas Parsil was buried after being killed in a clash with the British.
After the Revolution, the Rahway River was dammed in five spots to frame plant lakes. Samuel Campbell created the first paper mill in 1790 and produced banknotes. The majority of the early factories were paper plants, among them the Diamond Mill, that is now the site of the Paper Mill Playhouse. In 1835 the Morris and Essex Railroad was completed, connecting Millburn to enormous urban communities in the east and coal areas in the northwest.
Two unincorporated suburbs were created within its borders. Wyoming was made up of 100 acres (40 ha) of land and purchased by the Wyoming Land and Improvement Company and the latter was founded by Stewart Hartshorn (the namesake of Hartshorn Elementary School) who purchased 1,550 acres (630 ha) of land to create Short Hills, New Jersey.
In June 2007, Millburn celebrated its 150th birthday in its downtown, in one of the biggest celebrations in Millburn history.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 9.89 square miles (25.62 km2), including 9.33 square miles (24.17 km2) of land and 0.56 square miles (1.45 km2) of water (5.64%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Brantwood, Canoe Brook, Short Hills, Washington Rock, White Oak Ridge and Wyoming. Millburn includes the Wyoming district, South Mountain and Millburn center. Short Hills includes Brookhaven, Country Club, Deerfield-Crossroads, Glenwood, Knollwood, Merrywood, Mountaintop, Old Short Hills Estates and White Oak Ridge.
Situated approximately 15 miles (24 km) from Midtown Manhattan, Millburn is bordered by the Essex County municipalities of Livingston and West Orange to the north and northeast, and Maplewood to the east; the Morris County municipalities of Chatham Borough and Florham Park to the west and southwest; and the Union County municipalities of Summit to the south, and Springfield and Union Townships to the southeast.
The West Branch of the Rahway River runs through downtown Millburn.
Dun & Bradstreet has its headquarters in the Short Hills section of Millburn.
Arts and culture
- Paper Mill Playhouse is a 1,200-seat regional theater established in 1938, that has been officially designated as the "State Theatre of New Jersey".
- B'nai Israel synagogue was designed by architect Percival Goodman and features works by Herbert Ferber, Adolph Gottlieb and Robert Motherwell.
Parks and recreation
- Cora Hartshorn Arboretum and Bird Sanctuary - A site owned by the daughter of Short Hills founder Stewart Hartshorn, the 16 acres (6.5 ha) park with its 3 miles (4.8 km) of trails was donated to the township in 1958.
- Greenwood Gardens - one of sixteen garden preservation projects in the United States overseen by the Garden Conservancy.
- South Mountain Reservation, an Essex County nature reserve covering more than 2,000 acres (810 ha) of land in Millburn, Maplewood and West Orange.
- Old Short Hills Park, Gero Park, Taylor Park and Slayton Field Park.
Fishing and kayaking is available on the Rahway River.
|Population sources: 1860-1920
1860-1870 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010 2020
Millburn has one of the largest Jewish communities in Essex County, along with neighboring Livingston and South Orange. Philip Roth's popular novel Goodbye, Columbus about a newly affluent Jewish family in the 1950s, was set in the Short Hills section of Millburn, and a key scene takes place at the Millburn High School track.
In a report performed by the United Way of Northern New Jersey based on 2012 data, around 11% of Millburn households were classified as "Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed" households (below a threshold of $50,000 for households below 65, below $35,000 for those over 65), struggling with basic necessities, such as housing, childcare, food, health care, and transportation, compared to 38% statewide and 47% in Essex County.
As of the census of 2010, there were 20,149 people, 6,813 households, and 5,553 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,161.3 per square mile (834.5/km2). There were 7,106 housing units at an average density of 762.2 per square mile (294.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 80.17% (16,154) White, 1.63% (329) Black or African American, 0.03% (6) Native American, 15.66% (3,155) Asian, 0.02% (5) Pacific Islander, 0.51% (103) from other races, and 1.97% (397) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.49% (703) of the population.
There were 6,813 households out of which 48.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.2% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.32.
In the township, the population was spread out with 32.3% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.0 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 90.8 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $165,603 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,937) and the median family income was $194,421 (+/- $14,492). Males had a median income of $136,031 (+/- $14,137) versus $81,152 (+/- $9,621) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $84,663 (+/- $5,971). About 1.3% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Down the Block, Inc., a 501(c)3 organization, was formed by residents in 2009 to pay bills on behalf of Millburn residents in financial distress.
New Eyes for the Needy is a non-profit organization started in 1932 as New Eyes (incorporated 1948) and based in Short Hills, which provides people in the United States with eyeglasses and sends recycled eyeglasses to needy people overseas.
The Millburn-Short Hills Volunteer First Aid Squad, founded in 1958, provides Emergency Medical Services to the township. They are an all-volunteer agency that does not charge for its services, relying solely on private donations to cover the costs of operating.
Scouts BSA Troop 19 chartered at St. Rose of Lima Church in Short Hills was founded in February 2019 when the Boys Scouts of America opened their program to girls. Troop 19 is one of the first all-girl troops in New Jersey and is part of Lenape Trail District of the Northern New Jersey Council. In 2019, Troop 19 became the first all-girls troop to march in the New York City Veterans Day Parade. St. Rose of Lima Church also sponsors Boy Scout Troop 17 which was founded in 1945.
The Millburn Township Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of eight schools, had an enrollment of 4,453 students and 405.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.0:1. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Deerfield Elementary School (438 students in grades PreK-4), Glenwood Elementary School (367; K-4), Hartshorn Elementary School (423; K-4), South Mountain Elementary School (318; PreK-4), Washington School (NA; 5), Wyoming Elementary School (310; K-4), Millburn Middle School (1,137; 6-8) and Millburn High School (1,421; 9-12).
In its 2015 report on "America's Top High Schools", Newsweek ranked Millburn the #1 open-admission and #4 non-magnet school in the nation. It placed 13th overall in the U.S. and 8th in the state among all participating public high schools (including selective admission and magnet schools). All schools ranked above Millburn are selective enrollment per their respective websites and are listed as magnet programs on Wikipedia.
The district's high school was the fifth-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 339 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2014 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", using a new ranking methodology. The school had been ranked 8th in the state of 328 schools in 2012, after being ranked 1st in 2010 out of 322 schools listed. The magazine also ranked Millburn as the top high school in New Jersey in its 2008 rankings.
The influx of younger families into the community has led to significant growth in public school enrollment, with enrollment doubling from 1990 to 2007.
Far Brook School is a private, nonsectarian coeducational day school located in the Short Hills section of Millburn, serving students in nursery through eighth grade, with a 2018-19 total enrollment of 224 students. The Pingry School's Lower School (K-6) campus is located in Short Hills.
St. Rose of Lima Academy is a Catholic school with 260 students in PreK-3 to 8th grade, operating under the auspices of the Archdiocese of Newark, that was established in 1869 and granted academy status in 2008. In September 2013, the St. Rose of Lima Academy was one of 15 schools in New Jersey to be recognized by the United States Department of Education as part of the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program, an award called the "most prestigious honor in the United States' education system" and which Education Secretary Arne Duncan described as honoring schools that "represent examples of educational excellence".
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 100.77 miles (162.17 km) of roadways, of which 81.45 miles (131.08 km) were maintained by the municipality, 15.65 miles (25.19 km) by Essex County and 3.67 miles (5.91 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
A variety of roads serve Millburn. Major county routes include CR 510, CR 527 and CR 577. Route 24 and Route 124 also pass through along the southwestern border with Summit. Interstate 78 passes through the very southern tip of the township in the area of exit 49.
Millburn Township is served by two NJ Transit railroad stations along the Morristown Line, providing service to Newark Broad Street Station, Secaucus Junction, and New York Penn Station, as well as to Hoboken Terminal. The Millburn station is located at the intersection of Essex Street and Lackawanna Place near the Millburn Free Public Library, and the Short Hills station is located near The Crescent Street between Hobart Avenue and Chatham Road. The latter station is also the site of the Millburn-Short Hills Historical Society's museum.
New Jersey Transit operates bus service in the township, including the 70 route that stops at the Millburn railroad station on a route between Newark and Livingston, with local service on the 873 route.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Millburn include:
- Craig Balsam, entertainment industry entrepreneur, Tony Award-winning theatrical producer and film producer.
- Michael Lewis Becker (born 1940), advertising executive.
- Lee Bickmore (1908-1986), chairman of the board and CEO of Nabisco.
- Prince Lorenzo Borghese (born 1973), star of the 9th season of The Bachelor.
- Courtney Brosnan (born 1995), professional soccer player who plays as a goalkeeper for West Ham United F.C. Women of the Women's Super League.
- Scott Brunner (born 1957), former professional quarterback for the New York Giants.
- Andrew Catalon (born 1980), sportscaster who has announced NFL on CBS, PGA Tour on CBS, College Basketball on CBS and NCAA March Madness.
- Bill Chinnock (1947-2007), singer-songwriter and guitarist who was part of the Asbury Park music scene with Bruce Springsteen in the late 1960s.
- Buzzy Cohen (born 1985), recording music industry executive and trivia enthusiast best known for his association with the game show Jeopardy!.
- Ralph Cicerone (1943-2016) atmospheric scientist and administrator, who served as president of the National Academy of Sciences.
- Richard Coogan (1914-2014), actor best known for playing the lead role in Captain Video and His Video Rangers.
- Leon G. Cooperman (born 1943), businessman, investor and philanthropist who is chairman and CEO of Omega Advisors, Inc.
- Joseph P. Day (1874-1944), early land auctioneer and real-estate broker.
- Ina Drew, former Chief Investment Officer at JP Morgan Chase who resigned following the 2012 JPMorgan Chase trading loss that resulted in billions in losses to the bank.
- Daniel Errico, children's book author and children's media content creator who is the creator and executive producer of Hulu's kids TV series The Bravest Knight..
- John Ferolito, the founder and current owner of Arizona Beverage Company.
- James C. Fletcher (1919-1991), 4th and 7th Administrator of NASA.
- William R. Forstchen (born 1950), author.
- Martin S. Fox (1924–2020), publisher who served as President of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
- Grace Hartigan (1922–2008), Abstract Expressionist painter and a significant member of the New York School of the 1950s and 1960s.
- Anne Hathaway (born 1982), actress.
- Herbert G. Hopwood (1898-1966), Commander in chief of the United States Pacific Fleet from 1958 to 1960.
- Ariel Horn (born c. 1979), novelist and teacher.
- Dara Horn (born 1977), novelist and professor of literature.
- Mia Sinclair Jenness (born 2005), actress.
- Elliott Kalan (born 1981), head writer for The Daily Show.
- Peter Kellogg (born 1943), director of the Wall Street investment firm Spear, Leeds & Kellogg, which was sold to Goldman Sachs in 2000 for $5.5 billion.
- Joe Kernen (born 1956), CNBC news anchor and host of Squawk Box.
- Irwin I. Kimmelman (1930-2014), politician who served in both houses of the New Jersey Legislature and served as the Attorney General of New Jersey from 1982 – 1986.
- Igor Larionov (born 1960), center who played for the New Jersey Devils.
- Conor Leslie (born 1991), actress.
- David Levithan (born 1972, class of 1990) young adult fiction author and editor.
- Robert D. Lilley (1912–1986), businessman who served as the president of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) from 1972 to 1976.
- Betty Liu, Bloomberg TV anchor.
- Monroe Jay Lustbader (1931-1996), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1992 until his death, where he represented the 21st Legislative District.
- Robert Marcus, CEO of Time Warner Cable.
- Billy McFarland (born 1991), entrepreneur and founder of the Fyre Festival.
- John C. McGinley (born 1959), actor.
- Robert E. Mulcahy III (born 1932), athletic director at Rutgers University.
- Maureen Ogden (born 1928), seven-term member of the New Jersey General Assembly who served as Mayor of Millburn from 1979 to 1981.
- C. Milford Orben (1895-1975), politician who served five terms in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Julie Parsonnet, infectious disease expert.
- Sondra Perl, Professor Emerita of English at Lehman College and director of the Ph.D. in Composition and Rhetoric at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York.
- Belva Plain (born 1919), author.
- Mary Reckford (born 1992), rower who competed in the women's lightweight double sculls event at the 2020 Summer Olympics.
- Brian Rolston (born 1973), professional hockey player.
- Alex Rosenberg (born 1991), basketball player who plays for Hapoel Afula B.C. of the Israeli National League.
- Bess Rous, actress.
- Annie Russell (1864-1936), British-American theatrical actress.
- Camille Sabie (1902–1998), athlete who represented the United States at the 1922 Women's World Games, winning gold medals in the 110 yd hurdles and standing long jump and a bronze medal in the conventional long jump.
- Laura Sydell (born 1961), former senior technology reporter for Public Radio International's Marketplace, and a regular reporter on for National Public Radio's All Things Considered, Morning Edition, and Weekend Edition.
- Patti Stanger (born 1961), matchmaker.
- Peter Van Sant (born 1953), reporter 48 Hours.
- Arthur T. Vanderbilt (1888–1957), judge and judicial reformer who served as Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1948 to 1957.
- James Wallwork (born 1930), politician who served in both houses of the New Jersey Legislature.
- Wang Yung-ching (1917-2008), former CEO and co-founder of Formosa Plastics Group.
- Thomas Watson Jr. (1914-1993), second President of IBM and United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union.
- Joel Weingarten, former member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Zygi Wilf (born 1950), owner of the Minnesota Vikings.
- Rachel Zoe (born 1971), fashion stylist.
- Alan Zweibel (born 1950), television producer and writer.
In Spanish: Millburn (Nueva Jersey) para niños
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