kids encyclopedia robot

Summit, New Jersey facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Summit, New Jersey
City of Summit
Springfield Avenue, Downtown Summit
Springfield Avenue, Downtown Summit
Official seal of Summit, New Jersey
Hill City
Location of Summit within Union County and state of New Jersey
Location of Summit within Union County and state of New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Summit, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Summit, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Union
Settled 1710
Incorporation March 23, 1869 as Township
Incorporation March 8, 1899 as City
Named for Summit Lodge or
"summit of the Short Hills"
 • Type City
 • Body Common Council
 • Total 6.05 sq mi (15.66 km2)
 • Land 5.99 sq mi (15.52 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)  0.84%
Area rank 255th of 565 in state
7th of 21 in county
374 ft (114 m)
 • Total 21,457
 • Estimate 
 • Rank 120th of 566 in state
9th of 21 in county
 • Density 3,578.9/sq mi (1,381.8/km2)
 • Density rank 178th of 566 in state
15th of 21 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
07901, 07902
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3403971430
GNIS feature ID 085412

Summit is a city in Union County, New Jersey, United States. The city is located on a ridge in northern-central New Jersey, within the Raritan Valley and Rahway Valley regions in the New York metropolitan area. At the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 21,457, reflecting an increase of 326 (+1.5%) from the 21,131 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,374 (+7.0%) from the 19,757 counted in the 1990 Census.

Originally incorporated as Summit Township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1869, from portions of New Providence Township (now Berkeley Heights) and Springfield Township, Summit was reincorporated as a city on March 8, 1899.

Possible derivations of Summit's name include its location atop the Second Watchung Mountain; the Summit Lodge, the house to which jurist James Kent moved in 1837 and which stands today at 50 Kent Place Boulevard; and to a local sawmill owner who granted passage to the Morris and Essex Railroad for a route to "the summit of the Short Hills".

Summit had the 16th-highest per capita income in the state as of the 2000 Census. According to Bloomberg, Summit ranked as the 70th highest-income place in the United States in 2017, 72nd in 2018 (with an average household income of $220,971), and 65th in 2019.


The region in which Summit is located was purchased from Native Americans on October 28, 1664. Summit's earliest European settlers came to the area around the year 1710. The original name of Summit was "Turkey Hill" to distinguish it from the area then known as "Turkey" (New Providence's original name until 1759). During the American Revolutionary War period, Summit was known as "Beacon Hill", because bonfire beacons were lit on an eastern ridge in Summit to warn the New Jersey militiamen of approaching British troops.

Summit was called the "Heights over Springfield" during the late 18th century and most of the 19th century, and was considered a part of New Providence. During this period, Summit was part of Springfield Township, which eventually broke up into separate municipalities. Eventually only Summit and New Providence remained joined.

Lord Chancellor James Kent, a Chancellor of New York State and author of Commentaries on American Law, retired to this area in 1837 in a house he called Summit Lodge (perhaps a namesake of the town) on what is now called Kent Place Boulevard. He lived there until 1847. Today, the lodge is part of a large mansion, at 50 Kent Place Boulevard, opposite Kent Place School.

In 1837, the Morris and Essex Railroad, which became the Delaware Lackawanna and Western Railroad and is now NJ Transit's Morris and Essex Lines, was built over what was then called "The Summit" hill, a name later shortened to Summit. The railroad allowed Summit to outgrow neighboring New Providence, which didn't have a train station. In 1868, a hotel named "The Summit House" burned beside the railroad. In 1869, Summit and New Providence separated and the Summit area was incorporated as the "Township of Summit". In the late 19th century, the area began shifting from farmland to wealthy estates; in 1892, renowned architect C. Abbott French cleared away a crest of a "summit ridge", removing "an impenetrable tangle of wild vines ... and myriads of rattlesnakes," to build a house with a view of New York City, The Times Building, and the Brooklyn Bridge. The present-day incarnation of Summit, known formally as the City of Summit, was incorporated on April 11, 1899.

During this time, Summit was the home of America's "antivice crusader", Anthony Comstock, who moved there about 1880 and built a house in 1892 at 35 Beekman Road, where he died in 1915.

In the 19th century, Summit served as a nearby getaway spot for wealthy residents of New York City in search of fresh air. Weekenders or summer vacationers would reach Summit by train and relax at large hotels and smaller inns and guest houses. Calvary Episcopal Church was built in 1894-95; the New York Times called it a "handsome new house of worship".

Silk weaving thrived as an industry in the late 19th century, but declined in the early decades of the 20th century; in 1915, there was a strike at the Summit Silk Company on Weaver Street. In the early 20th century, there was much building; in 1909, one report suggested at least 40 residences were being built (some with stables) with costs varying from $4,500 to $45,000, making it "one of the greatest periods of building activity this place, the Hill City, has known."

Summit Train Circa 1910s
The Rahway Valley Railroad at Summit c. 1910s

A new railway was constructed from what was then-called New Orange. The Rahway Valley Railroad connected Summit with the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad (DL&W). In the early 20th century, both freight and passenger service were offered by this line which is currently out of service, although in 2009, Union County was exploring the possibility of reactivating the line for freight traffic. A trolley line called the Morris County Traction Company, once ran a passenger trolley through Summit to/from Newark and Morris County, in the early part of the 20th century. Broad Street in Summit was designed and built for the trolley, which is why it is wider and straighter than most streets in the city. Portions of the rails could still be seen on it as late as the 1980s.

Union Plaza with Lackawanna Depot, c. 1940
View looking North across Lackawanna Railroad Bridge into Business Section, c.1940

Relations between city authorities and businesses have not always been smooth; in 1898, city authorities and the New York and New Jersey Telephone Company had disputes about wires and telephone poles; the city acted and "wires and cables of the company were cut from the poles." There were disputes between Summit's commuters and the Lackawanna railroad about walkways; in one incident in 1905, "a number of passengers seeking to board the 6:35 train found their way barred. They made a united rush, and when the dust cleared away, the door wasn't there. It is said the company will put the door back. The commuters say they will remove it as often as it is replaced."

Following World War II, the city experienced a great building boom, as living outside New York City and commuting to work became more common and the population of New Jersey grew. At this point, Summit took on its suburban character of tree lined streets and architect-designed houses that it is known for today. Summit had a mini-bus system, with three routes, in the late 1970s. The mini-buses ran through most parts of Summit on long circular routes that were primarily designed to bring commuters to the railroad station in downtown Summit. The Velvet Underground played their first paid concert at a Summit High School prom.

During the September 11 terrorist attacks, Summit lost more than a dozen residents. Many residents worked in the World Trade Center commuting by rail to Hoboken. A few days after the attacks, townspeople assembled on the broad town green while a minister "called out the names of a dozen residents still unaccounted for after Tuesday's attack on the World Trade Center. Others in the crowd of nearly 2,000 called out names he had left out." A few World Trade Center firms relocated to Summit. Star baseball athlete Willie Wilson and former Summit graduate returned to Summit High School in 2005. Wilson said: "To me, Summit is a special place ... It's where it all began and I have great memories. This is where I want to help kids and youth baseball, and I want my own son and daughter to come and help me create something here." During the economic downturn of 2008-2009, Summit was listed as #6 on a list of American communities "likely to be pummeled by the economic crisis."


Downtown Summit, NJ
Springfield Avenue, the main shopping street

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 6.046 square miles (15.661 km2), including 5.995 square miles (15.528 km2) of land and 0.051 square miles (0.133 km2) of water (0.85%). It is about 20 miles (32 km) from Manhattan.

Springfield Avenue is the town's main street.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Brantwood Park and Tall Oaks.

It is bordered to the northeast by Millburn in Essex County, to the northwest by Chatham and Chatham Township, both in Morris County, to the west by New Providence, to the southwest by Berkeley Heights, to the south by Mountainside and to the southeast by Springfield Township.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,176
1880 1,910 62.4%
1890 3,502 83.4%
1900 5,302 51.4%
1910 7,500 41.5%
1920 10,174 35.7%
1930 14,556 43.1%
1940 16,165 11.1%
1950 17,929 10.9%
1960 23,677 32.1%
1970 23,620 −0.2%
1980 21,071 −10.8%
1990 19,757 −6.2%
2000 21,131 7.0%
2010 21,457 1.5%
2020 22,719 5.9%
2019 (est.) 21,897 2.1%
Population sources: 1870-1920
1870 1880-1890
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

The city has long been popular with traders, investment bankers, and money managers, with nearly 20% of Summit's residents working in finance and real estate. One report said that Manhattan's financial elite prefers living in Summit because of large houses, great schools, and NJ Transit's rail link to Manhattan's financial district.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 21,457 people, 7,708 households, and 5,519 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,578.9 per square mile (1,381.8/km2). There were 8,190 housing units at an average density of 1,366.0 per square mile (527.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the city was 83.54% (17,926) White, 4.52% (970) Black or African American, 0.14% (30) Native American, 6.38% (1,368) Asian, 0.01% (3) Pacific Islander, 2.84% (610) from other races, and 2.56% (550) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.29% (2,851) of the population.

There were 7,708 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.7 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 92.0 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $109,602 and the median family income was $145,083. Males had a median income of $109,608 (+/- $15,245) versus $61,368 (+/- $8,854) for females. The per capita income for the city was $70,574. About 4.4% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Opera house
Latin Bistro restaurant in Summit NJ serves Latino-based food and baked goods
Latin Bistro, serving Spanish-style dishes and bakery products

The Summit Opera House was originally built in the 1890s by the Woman's Christian Temperance Union as a dry entertainment hall and local W.C.T.U. meeting place. It currently houses Winberie's restaurant on the ground floor, and a church, office space, and apartments on the upper floors. It is located at Springfield Avenue and Kent Place Boulevard in downtown Summit.

The Summit Playhouse features live dramatic performances.

The Visual Arts Center of New Jersey on Elm Street diagonally across from the Summit Middle School is a professionally recognized regional art center with an art school and an exhibition program.

Parks and recreation

The Reeves-Reed Arboretum is a suburban conservancy dedicated to environmental and horticultural education for children and adults and enjoyment of nature through the professional care and preservation of a historic country estate.

Youth sports

City of Summit Family Aquatic Center water slide
Summit's Family Aquatic Center has a water slide, an Olympic-sized outdoor pool, and the youth swim team is called the Summit Sharks

Summit has sports programs for youth including basketball, baseball, soccer, and football leagues through the Recreation Center. In addition, the YMCA organizes sports clinics and teams including the Summit Area YMCA "Seals" Swim Team. At age eight, children can try out for a traveling soccer program called the Summit Soccer Club, a nonprofit dedicated to the development of youth soccer in the city. Travel soccer runs for both the fall and spring seasons.

Lacrosse is a popular sport with high school teams achieving distinction at state and national levels. Summit holds the third most NJSIAA Boys Group Titles. Since the Tournament of Champions (TOC) began in 2004, Summit has made the tournament 11 times. Summit has the fourth-most championship titles (2) and has finished runner-up four times. Prior to the new championship format, Summit was crowned champion twice with one runner-up finish.Summit High School boys' team won the state's Tournament of Champions in 2010 and 2009 and lost by one goal in the 2011 final. Summit holds the New Jersey state (and possibly national) high school record with 68 consecutive victories during 2009 to 2011. The 2012 team was ranked second in New Jersey in May 2012 and in the top 20 nationally. Beginning in first grade, boys and girls can learn to play lacrosse in clinics and teams organized by the Summit Lacrosse Club. Many Division 1 lacrosse players have come from Summit, either through Summit High School, or via private schools.


Monastery of Our Lady of the Rosary, Summit, NJ
chapel of the monastery of Dominican Nuns
Summit diner 1024x658
The Summit Diner at the corner of Summit Avenue and Union Place
Summit New Jersey horse trough and buildings and trees after snow
Horse trough (center left) in winter
Summit Public Library from Maple Street after renovation
Summit Public Library in 2009, looking west, across Maple Street
  • The Carter House - at 90 Butler Parkway, Summit's oldest known structure, built in 1741, now home to the Summit Historical Society.
  • The DeBary Inn was built in 1880 as one of the private residences of (Samuel) Frederick De Bary, a merchant of French wines, liquors, and other imported beverages. In 1916, the land was subdivided and sold, the house was moved 200 feet (61 m), and it opened as a hotel in 1923; later it housed senior citizens. Authorities and rules stymied an effort to turn it into a bed and breakfast in the early 2000s, and at present it serves as an "executive boutique inn" partially owned by CNBC host Jim Cramer.
  • The Grand Summit Hotel hosts different events, including stockholder meetings.
  • The Kent Place School occupies a large block bordered by Kent Place Boulevard, Norwood Avenue, and Morris Avenue near downtown Summit. Its Mabie House was built in 1931.
  • The Summit Diner, located on the corner of Union Place & Summit Avenue, is a 1938 O'Mahony diner that has wood paneled walls, eight booths and 20 stools.
  • Summit Public Library offers a wide range of books, CDs, DVDs, internet access, special programs, and is located at the corner of Maple Street and Morris Avenue.
  • Twin Maples is a registered Historic Place at Springfield Avenue and Edgewood Road. Constructed in 1908 based on a design by architect Alfred F. Norris, it is home to the Summit Fortnightly Club and the Junior Fortnightly.
  • The United States Postal Service is on Maple Street near the downtown.


Roads and highways

2021-06-30 16 41 25 View west along Interstate 78 (Phillipsburg-Newark Expressway) from the wildlife overpass just west of Union County Route 527 (Glenside Avenue) in Summit, Union County, New Jersey
I-78 in Summit

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 84.80 miles (136.47 km) of roadways, of which 66.94 miles (107.73 km) were maintained by the municipality, 14.72 miles (23.69 km) by Union County and 3.14 miles (5.05 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Route 24 and Route 124 run along the eastern boundary of Summit, and Interstate 78 runs along the southern boundary. County Routes 512, 527 and 649 also pass through the city.

Parking is an ongoing issue. There are several free two-hour-limit parking lots for shoppers, as well as metered parking on main streets. The city council has conducted studies to explore further parking options.

Public transportation

Summit NJT station
Summit Station

NJ Transit's Morristown Line and Gladstone Branch merge at Summit station, providing frequent passenger service to New York's Penn Station and Hoboken Terminal. The train ride from Summit to New York is about 50 minutes (local) or 35 minutes (express). One reporter wrote: "The train line dominates Summit, bisecting its handsome commercial district from the town green on a sunken track, like a Dutch canal."

NJ Transit offers bus service to and from Newark on the 70 route with local Wheels service on the 986 route.

Lakeland Bus Lines (Route 78) provides direct service to and from Manhattan during peak commuting hours.

Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark / Elizabeth is approximately 15 minutes away via Interstate 78.

In popular culture

In "Mr. Monk and the End", the series finale of the popular cable TV show Monk, the fictional character of Randy Disher reveals he is leaving San Francisco because he has been offered the job as the chief of police of Summit, New Jersey. Additionally, he is also going there to marry his longtime crush, Sharona Fleming. Following this up, in the 2012 novel Mr. Monk on Patrol, Randy has to bring Monk in after a corruption scandal sweeps the Summit government, leading to Randy becoming acting mayor.

Points of interest

  • Watchung Reservation - Borders Summit to the south
  • Downtown Summit has a variety of restaurants of different cuisines.
  • Memorial Field has a number of athletic fields and courts.


Youth sports



Overlook Hospital Summit New Jersey 2009
Overlook Medical Center is on a hill above the town with views of the Manhattan skyline

Corporate residents of Summit include:

  • Celgene is a biotechnology company and the largest corporate tax-payer in Summit. Its facilities in the eastern part of Summit underwent recent expansion. It recently purchased a campus on the western part of Summit, formerly owned by Merck & Co. (formerly Schering Plough pharmaceuticals until a 2009 merger) these facilities were previously home to Novartis and, before that, Ciba.
  • Overlook Medical Center is located on a hill with views of the Manhattan skyline and is operated by the Atlantic Health System and features the Atlantic Neuroscience Institute, the Carol G. Simon Cancer Center and the Gagnon Cardiovascular Institute.
  • Whiptail Technologies is a maker of solid state storage appliances.
  • Hibernia Atlantic is headquartered in Summit and is a transatlantic submarine cable network provider.


Jefferson elementary school Summit NJ
Jefferson School, one of Summit's five elementary schools

Students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade are educated by the Summit Public Schools. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of nine schools, had an enrollment of 3,961 students and 349.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.3:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Jefferson Primary Center (128 students; in grades PreK-K), Wilson Primary Center (138; PreK-K), Brayton School (340; 1-5), Franklin School (336; 1-5), Jefferson School (227; 1-5), Lincoln-Hubbard School (314; 1-5), Washington School (346; 1-5), Lawton C. Johnson Summit Middle School (942; 6-8) and Summit High School (1,169; 9-12).

The district's board of education is comprised of seven members who set policy and oversee the fiscal and educational operation of the district through its administration. As a Type I school district, the board's trustees are appointed by the Mayor to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three members up for reappointment each year. Of the more than 600 school districts statewide, Summit is one of 15 districts with appointed school districts. The board appoints a superintendent to oversee the day-to-day operation of the district.

Private schools
  • Kent Place School (NS-12), founded in 1894, had an enrollment of 641 girls from across New Jersey as of 2012–13 school year
  • Oak Knoll School of the Holy Child (K-6 coed; 7-12 for girls), which operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark
  • Oratory Preparatory School (7–12) was founded in 1907 as Carlton Academy
  • St. Teresa of Avila School (K-8), operated by the Archdiocese of Newark
  • HudsonWay Immersion School (NS-5), Mandarin Chinese and Spanish immersion program

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Summit, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Summit include:

  • Ozzie Ahlers (born 1946), songwriter and music producer who plays the keyboard, guitar, and bass who has played with Van Morrison, Jerry Garcia, The Edge and Craig Chaquico, in addition to a solo career.
  • Robert Arellano (born 1969), author, musician and educator.
  • Miles Austin (born 1984), former wide receiver for the Dallas Cowboys, Cleveland Browns, and Philadelphia Eagles.
  • Stephen Austin, former NFL executive
  • Michael Badgley (born 1995), football placekicker for the Los Angeles Chargers of the National Football League.
  • Paul Baier (born 1985), professional ice hockey player.
  • Sean Baker (born 1978), filmmaker best known for the independent feature films Starlet, Tangerine and The Florida Project.
  • John Bardeen (1908–1991), only person to have won two (shared) Nobel prizes in physics, in 1956 for the transistor and in 1972 for superconductivity.
  • Wendy Barker (born 1942), poet.
  • Anthony James Barr (born 1940), programming language designer, software engineer and inventor.
  • Jack Belden (1910–1989), war correspondent who covered the Japanese invasion of China, the Second World War and the Chinese Revolution.
  • James M. Bennett (born 1948), FairTax advocate.
  • Mark Berson (born 1953), men's soccer coach at the University of South Carolina.
  • Robert Blackburn (1920–2003), artist and print maker.
  • Brett Ellen Block (born 1973), short story author and novelist.
  • Walter Houser Brattain (1902–1987), physicist who shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for the transistor.
  • Arthur Raymond Brooks (1895–1991), last surviving American flying ace of World War I.
  • Dave Brown (born 1970), quarterback who played for the New York Giants.
  • Fritz Buehning (born 1960), former professional tennis player.
  • Levin H. Campbell (born 1927), judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.
  • John Carroll (born 1955), basketball coach who served as the head coach for the Boston Celtics during the latter part of the 2003–04 season.
  • Mark Cesark (born 1965), sculptor, best known for his use of found and scrap steel.
  • Greg Cohen (born 1953), jazz artist.
  • Laurie Collyer (born 1967), film director, best known for Sherrybaby.
  • William A. Conway (1910–2006), banking executive and activist shareholder of behalf of minority stockholders.
  • Jon Corzine (born 1947), former U.S. Senator from New Jersey and former Governor of New Jersey.
  • Marguerite Courtot (1897–1986), silent film actress.
  • Jim Cramer (born 1955), stock trader, and anchor of CNBC's former Kudlow & Cramer and present Mad Money.
  • Marshall Curry (born c. 1970), two-time Academy Award-nominated American documentary director, producer, cinematographer and editor of such films as Street Fight about the 2002 Newark mayoral election.
  • Paul Davenport (born 1946), ninth president of the University of Western Ontario.
  • Benjamin Henry Day Jr. (1838–1916), illustrator and printer, best known for his invention of Ben-Day dots.
  • (Samuel) Frederick De Bary (1815–1898), wealthy businessman who gave his name to Summit's DeBary Inn and to DeBary, Florida.
  • Leonard De Paur (1914–1998), composer.
  • Mark Di Ionno (born 1956), journalist and writer.
  • Lawrence Dillon (born 1959), composer who is Composer in Residence at the University of North Carolina School of the Arts.
  • Daniel Doan (1914–1993), author best known for his works about hiking in New England.
  • Mark Donohue (1937–1975), race car, Indy, Formula 1 and NASCAR driver who was the winner of the 1972 Indy 500.
  • David Drake, chef.
  • East River Pipe, musician Fred M. Cornog.
  • Frankie Edgar (born 1981), mixed martial artist who is the current UFC lightweight champion.
  • Brian Edwards (born 1984), goalkeeper for Toronto FC.
  • Alan Louis Eggers (1895–1968), received the Medal of Honor for his actions during World War I.
  • Marianne Espinosa, Judge of the Appellate Division of New Jersey Superior Court.
  • Maggie Estep (1963–2014), writer and poet most well known for coming to prominence during the height of the spoken word and poetry slam performance rage.
  • Kevin C. Fitzpatrick (born 1966), author who has written about Dorothy Parker.
  • Bob Franks (1951–2010), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly and represented New Jersey's 7th congressional district.
  • Doug Gansler (born 1962), attorney and politician who served as 45th Attorney General of Maryland.
  • Lauren Beth Gash (born 1960), lawyer and politician who served in the Illinois House of Representatives from 1993 to 2001.
  • Alex Gibney (born 1953), documentary film director and producer.
  • Charles Gibson (born 1943), former anchor of ABC News' World News Tonight and Good Morning America.
  • Dave Given (born 1954), former ice hockey right winger who played one game in the World Hockey Association for the Vancouver Blazers.
  • Scott Goldblatt (born 1979), freestyle swimmer who won a gold medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics.
  • Joseph Greenspan (born 1992), soccer player for the Pittsburgh Riverhounds SC of the United Soccer League.
  • Edna Guy (1907–1982), modern dance pioneer.
  • Norman Hill (born 1933), civil rights activist.
  • Constance Horner (born 1942), public official in the Reagan and first Bush administrations.
  • Frederick Erastus Humphreys (1883–1941), one of the first military pilots trained by the Wright brothers.
  • Ice-T (born 1958 as Tracy Lauren Marrow), rapper / actor who lived in Summit and attended Brayton Elementary School and Summit Junior High School (now Lawton C. Johnson Summit Middle School), both part of Summit Public Schools.
  • Charles R. Jackson (1903–1968), novelist best known for The Lost Weekend.
  • Nikki M. James (born 1981) actress and singer.
  • Lawton C. Johnson (1937–2009), educator and namesake of Lawton C. Johnson Summit Middle School.
  • Violet A. Johnson (1870-1939), civic leader and founder of Fountain Baptist Church.
  • Reggie Jones (born 1951), retired boxer who represented the U.S. at the 1972 Summer Olympics, where he was controversially eliminated in a fight he was generally accepted to have won.
  • Susan Kenney (born 1941), short story writer and novelist.
  • Lord Chancellor Kent (1763–1847), Lord Chancellor of New York State (1814–1823).
  • Raymond Kethledge (born 1966), judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.
  • Peter Kuhn (1955–2009), race car driver who won both the USAC and SCCA Formula Super Vee championships in 1980.
  • Peter Kuper (born 1958), alternative cartoonist and illustrator.
  • William "Bill" Larned (1872–1926), professional tennis player who won the U.S. Open seven times from 1901 through 1911.
  • Al Leiter (born 1965), former MLB pitcher who played for both the New York Mets and New York Yankees.
  • Jack Leiter (born 2000), son of Al Leiter and potential first-round pick in the 2021 MLB Draft.
  • MJ Long (1939–2018), architect, lecturer and author, best known for her work as a principal architect partner on the British Library in London, together with her husband.
  • William Lowell Sr. (1863-1954), dentist and an inventor of a wooden golf tee patented in 1921.
  • Hamilton Wright Mabie (1846–1916), author, lived in Summit.
  • Holbrook Mann MacNeille (1907–1973), mathematician who led military research teams before directing the American Mathematical Society.
  • Tim Mahoney (born 1956), former U.S. Representative from Florida's 16th congressional district.
  • Eli Manning (born 1981), Former New York Giants quarterback.
  • Bryce Miller (born 1982), racecar driver in the WeatherTech SportsCar Championship.
  • Richard McGee Morse (1922–2001), scholar of Latin American studies.
  • Eric Munoz (1947–2009), member of the New Jersey General Assembly who died in office.
  • Nancy Munoz (born 1954), member of the New Jersey General Assembly who took office following her husband's death.
  • Heidi Neumark (born 1954), pastor and spiritual writer.
  • Alexa Noel (born 2002), professional tennis player.
  • Ryan O'Malley (born 1993), tight end with the Oakland Raiders of the NFL.
  • Thomas E. O'Shea (1895–1918), United States Army corporal awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously for his actions during World War I.
  • Margareta Pâslaru (born 1943), Romanian singer.
  • Stephen Paulus (1949–2014), composer.
  • Hugo Pfaltz (born 1931), politician who served two terms in the New Jersey General Assembly.
  • Christopher Porrino (born 1967), lawyer who became New Jersey Attorney General in 2016.
  • Jeff Porter (born 1985), track and field athlete who competes in the 110-meter hurdles and was named as part of the U.S. team at the 2016 Summer Olympics.
  • Joe Porter (born 1985), professional football player.
  • Monroe Jackson Rathbone II (1900–1976), chemical engineer and businessman who was the chairman, president, and CEO of Standard Oil of New Jersey.
  • Dennis Ritchie (1941–2011), creator of the C programming language and co-inventor of the UNIX operating system.
  • Florence Spearing Randolph (1866-1951), suffragist, ordained minister, pastor of the Wallace Chapel AME Zion Church.
  • Bill Robinson (born 1929), jazz singer.
  • David D. Rudolph (born 1949), member of the Maryland House of Delegates.
  • George Erik Rupp (born 1942), former President of Rice University and Columbia University, who has headed the International Rescue Committee since 2002.
  • Rex Ryan (born 1962), head coach of the Buffalo Bills.
  • Eli Sagan (1927–2015), clothing manufacturer, author, George McGovern campaign staffer, and member of Richard Nixon's Enemies List.
  • C. Thomas Schettino (1907–1983), Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1959 to 1972.
  • Craig Schiffer (born 1956), former Chief Executive Officer of the Americas of Dresdner Kleinwort.
  • Herb Schmidt, soccer and lacrosse coach at Penn State University.
  • Pat Shurmur (born 1965), former head coach of the New York Giants.
  • James Sie (born 1962), voice actor.
  • Scott Smith (born 1965), author of the novel A Simple Plan and the script of the film of the same name.
  • Joseph Stamler (1911–1988), New Jersey Superior Court judge and professor at Rutgers University.
  • Meryl Streep (born 1949), actress, winner of three Academy Awards, 21-time Oscar nominee.
  • Sándor Szabó (born 1960), pianist.
  • Will Taggart (c. 1996), guitarist.
  • Tom Terrell (1950–2007), music journalist.
  • Henry Twombly (1862–1955), college football player and lawyer.
  • James Valenti (born 1977), operatic tenor.
  • Edwin S. Votey (1856-1931), businessman, inventor, industrial designer, and manufacturer of pianos and organs.
  • Arthur K. Watson (1919–1974), IBM executive and United States Ambassador to France.
  • Gerard Way (born 1977), singer-songwriter, who is co-founder of the band My Chemical Romance.
  • Kai Wehmeier (born 1968), logician and philosopher at the University of California, Irvine.
  • Meredith Whitney (born 1969), award-winning stock analyst who predicted the 2007–2008 banking crisis.
  • Worthington Whittredge (1820–1910), landscape artist and important member of the Hudson River School.
  • Robert R. Williams (1886–1965), chemist who was the first to synthesize thiamine.
  • Willie Wilson (born 1955), retired professional baseball player who won the American League batting title and who was a two-time All-Star for the Kansas City Royals.
  • Nick Wyman (born 1950), actor and president of Actors' Equity Association.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Summit, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.