Mountainside, New Jersey facts for kids

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Mountainside, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Mountainside
Map of Mountainside in Union County. Inset: Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Mountainside in Union County. Inset: Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Mountainside, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Mountainside, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated September 25, 1895
Area
 • Total 4.049 sq mi (10.487 km2)
 • Land 4.008 sq mi (10.380 km2)
 • Water 0.041 sq mi (0.107 km2)  1.02%
Area rank 296th of 566 in state
12th of 21 in county
Elevation 233 ft (71 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 6,685
 • Estimate (2015) 6,885
 • Rank 324th of 566 in state
19th of 21 in county
 • Density 1,668.0/sq mi (644.0/km2)
 • Density rank 315th of 566 in state
21st of 21 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07092
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3403948510
GNIS feature ID 0885311
Website www.mountainside-nj.com

Mountainside is a borough in Union County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 6,685, reflecting an increase of 83 (+1.3%) from the 6,602 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 55 (-0.8%) from the 6,657 counted in the 1990 Census.

Mountainside was incorporated as a borough on September 25, 1895, from portions of Westfield Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Mountainside as its 16th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey, as well as eighth in the 2010 list.

History

In 1958, part of a Nike missile battery (NY-73) was installed, with the missile launchers themselves in Mountainside while the radar station was installed in Berkeley Heights. It remained in operation until 1963 and remnants of the site are located adjacent to Governor Livingston High School.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 4.0497 square miles (10.487 km2), including 4.008 square miles (10.380 km2) of land and 0.041 square miles (0.107 km2) of water (1.02%).

The borough is bordered to the north by Summit, to the east by Springfield Township, to the south by Westfield, and to the west by Berkeley Heights and Scotch Plains.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 367
1910 362 −1.4%
1920 493 36.2%
1930 965 95.7%
1940 1,148 19.0%
1950 2,046 78.2%
1960 6,325 209.1%
1970 7,520 18.9%
1980 7,118 −5.3%
1990 6,657 −6.5%
2000 6,602 −0.8%
2010 6,685 1.3%
Est. 2015 6,885 3.0%
Population sources: 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,685 people, 2,468 households, and 1,866 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,668.0 per square mile (644.0/km2). There were 2,558 housing units at an average density of 638.3 per square mile (246.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 91.31% (6,104) White, 1.97% (132) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 4.94% (330) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.42% (28) from other races, and 1.36% (91) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.09% (407) of the population.

There were 2,468 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 18.2% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.2 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 88.1 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $116,210 (with a margin of error of +/- $22,182) and the median family income was $135,086 (+/- $14,679). Males had a median income of $95,030 (+/- $9,312) versus $58,818 (+/- $8,974) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $52,844 (+/- $5,530). About 1.5% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 6,602 people, 2,434 households, and 1,925 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,640.8 people per square mile (634.1/km2). There were 2,478 housing units at an average density of 615.8 per square mile (238.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.09% White, 0.94% African American, 0.09% Native American, 2.80% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.01% of the population.

Echo Lake Park in Mountainside NJ autumnal scene
Echo Lake Park view in autumn.
Artist Emma Auriemma painting at Echo Lake Park in Mountainside New Jersey
A landscape artist paints an autumnal scene at Echo Lake Park in Mountainside.

There were 2,434 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.9% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the borough the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 24.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $97,195, and the median income for a family was $105,773. Males had a median income of $78,595 versus $52,667 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $47,474. About 2.0% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 41.12 miles (66.18 km) of roadways, of which 29.74 miles (47.86 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.75 miles (14.08 km) by Union County and 2.63 miles (4.23 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Public transportation

NJ Transit Bus Operations routes 114 and 117 provide service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan in New York City while routes 65 and 66 travel to Downtown Newark, all making local stops at points in proximate communities. An early use of bus rapid transit in New Jersey, a BBS (bus bypass shoulder, originally called a BOS or bus on shoulder lane) has been in operation for many years. Unlike most municipalities along Route 22, zoning in Mountainside does not allow for much commercial development adjacent to the freeway. For a one-mile stretch in the town, the eastbound shoulder on the arterial road can be used for peak hour buses. In 2012, NJDOT regulated the BBS as an exclusive bus lane from 6 to 7:30am. In 2009, NJDOT funded construction of two bus turnouts along the road in nearby Union.

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 11 miles (18 km) east of Mountainside.

Gallery

Images for kids


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