Roselle, New Jersey facts for kids

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Roselle, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Roselle
House in Roselle
House in Roselle
Map of Roselle in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Roselle in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Roselle, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Roselle, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated December 20, 1894
Area
 • Total 2.664 sq mi (6.899 km2)
 • Land 2.651 sq mi (6.866 km2)
 • Water 0.013 sq mi (0.033 km2)  0.47%
Area rank 365th of 566 in state
16th of 21 in county
Elevation 56 ft (17 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 21,085
 • Estimate (2015) 21,670
 • Rank 123rd of 566 in state
11th of 21 in county
 • Density 7,953.5/sq mi (3,070.9/km2)
 • Density rank 46th of 566 in state
5th of 21 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07203
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3403964620
GNIS feature ID 0885379
Website www.boroughofroselle.com

Roselle is a borough located in Union County in the state of New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 21,085, reflecting a decline of 189 (-0.9%) from the 21,274 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 960 (+4.7%) from the 20,314 counted in the 1990 Census.

On January 19, 1883, the world's first electric lighting system employing overhead wires began service in Roselle, and was built by Thomas Edison to demonstrate that an entire community could be lit by electricity. The First Presbyterian Church, located on the corner of West 5th Avenue and Chestnut Street, was the first church in the world to be lit by electricity.

Roselle was incorporated on December 20, 1894, at the height of the Boroughitis phenomenon sweeping through New Jersey at the time, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier, from portions of Linden. Roselle's name is derived from the Roselle Land Improvement Company, which was created in 1866 to lay out a community around the Mulford Station on the Central Railroad of New Jersey. The name "Roselle" is said to have been based on the company's founder, John Conklin Rose or from John Pierre Roselle, a friend of the railroad's president.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.664 square miles (6.899 km2), including 2.651 square miles (6.866 km2) of land and 0.013 square miles (0.033 km2) of water (0.47%),

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Aldene.

The borough is bordered by Roselle Park to the north, Elizabeth to the east, Linden to the south and Cranford to the west. Morses Creek runs through the town.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 737
1890 996 35.1%
1900 1,652 65.9%
1910 2,725 65.0%
1920 5,737 110.5%
1930 13,021 127.0%
1940 13,597 4.4%
1950 17,681 30.0%
1960 21,032 19.0%
1970 22,585 7.4%
1980 20,641 −8.6%
1990 20,314 −1.6%
2000 21,274 4.7%
2010 21,085 −0.9%
Est. 2015 21,670 2.8%
Population sources: 1880-1890
1890-1920 1890-1910
1900-1920 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 21,085 people, 7,407 households, and 5,096 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,953.5 per square mile (3,070.9/km2). There were 7,939 housing units at an average density of 2,994.7 per square mile (1,156.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 29.59% (6,240) White, 55.06% (11,610) Black or African American, 0.31% (65) Native American, 2.23% (471) Asian, 0.02% (5) Pacific Islander, 9.63% (2,030) from other races, and 3.15% (664) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.77% (5,644) of the population.

There were 7,407 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 19.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.0 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 85.6 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $58,041 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,948) and the median family income was $64,038 (+/- $4,495). Males had a median income of $40,163 (+/- $3,874) versus $36,210 (+/- $1,612) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,678 (+/- $1,130). About 7.5% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 21,274 people, 7,520 households, and 5,226 families residing in the borough. The population density was 8,048.8 people per square mile (3,111.3/km2). There were 7,870 housing units at an average density of 2,977.5 per square mile (1,151.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 51.32% African American,35.58% White, 0.31% Native American, 2.71% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 6.07% from other races, and 3.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.11% of the population.

8.0% of the population of Roselle (Creole: Wozel) was of Haitian ancestry. This was the third-highest such percentage in New Jersey and the 16th-highest of any municipality in the nation.

There were 7,520 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the borough the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $51,254, and the median income for a family was $58,841. Males had a median income of $37,604 versus $32,535 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,269. About 5.8% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 49.96 miles (80.40 km) of roadways, of which 40.32 miles (64.89 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.60 miles (13.84 km) by Union County and 1.04 miles (1.67 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City on the 112 and 115 routes, to Newark on the 59, 62 and 94 routes, with local service available on the 56 and 57.

Conrail's freight-only Lehigh Line passes through the community along the tracks of the former Lehigh Valley Railroad. The town once shared a passenger station with Roselle Park on the mainline of the Central Railroad of New Jersey. That line is abandoned.

The Staten Island Railway passed through the community before being dormant for years. It was reactivated by the Morristown & Erie Railway, but Morristown & Erie did not renew their option and their 10-year lease ceased as of May 15, 2012.

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) from Roselle.


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