Linden, New Jersey facts for kids
|Linden, New Jersey|
|City of Linden|
|Motto: "Big enough to lead, small enough to care"|
Location of Linden in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Linden, New Jersey
|Incorporated||January 1, 1925|
|• Total||11.407 sq mi (29.545 km2)|
|• Land||10.675 sq mi (27.648 km2)|
|• Water||0.732 sq mi (1.897 km2) 6.42%|
|Area rank||197th of 566 in state
2nd of 21 in county
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||42,021|
|• Rank||52nd of 566 in state
4th of 21 in county
|• Density||3,793.8/sq mi (1,464.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||164th of 566 in state
13th of 21 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885278|
Linden is a city in southeastern Union County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area, located about 13 miles (21 km) southwest of Manhattan and bordering Staten Island, a borough of New York City, across the Arthur Kill. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 40,499, reflecting an increase of 1,105 (+2.8%) from the 39,394 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,693 (+7.3%) from the 36,701 counted in the 1990 Census.
Linden was originally formed as a township on March 4, 1861 from portions of Elizabeth, Rahway and Union Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Cranford (March 14, 1871), Linden Borough (March 30, 1882) and Roselle (December 20, 1894). Linden was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 1, 1925, replacing both Linden Township and Linden Borough, based on the results of a referendum held on November 8, 1923. The city's name derives from linden trees brought from Germany.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 11.407 square miles (29.545 km2), including 10.675 square miles (27.648 km2) of land and 0.732 square miles (1.897 km2) of water (6.42%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Bayway, Grasselli, Morris Mills, Tremley, Vreeland Hills, Warners and Wheatshead.
The city borders the municipalities of Clark Township, Cranford Township, Elizabeth, Rahway, Roselle and Winfield Township in Union County; Carteret and Woodbridge Township in Middlesex County; and Staten Island in New York City across the Arthur Kill tidal strait.
1870-1920 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
*=Lost territory in previous decade.
Linden is a regional hub of Polish immigration and features a significant number of establishments featuring the food and culture of Poland. 13.1% of residents are of Polish origin and 15.6% of its residents five years old and above in the center of the city of Linden primarily speak the Polish language at home. The Skulski Art Gallery of the Polish Cultural Foundation of neighboring Clark has exhibited Linden-based artists. Polish-American grocery specialty shop Pulaski Meats takes up nearly a city block. Polish language services are held at two Roman Catholic churches, including at the heavily Polish parish St. Theresa of the Child Jesus Roman Catholic Church, established in the 1920s.
|Largest ancestries (2010)||Percent|
As of the census of 2010, there were 40,499 people, 14,909 households, and 10,272 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,793.8 per square mile (1,464.8/km2). There were 15,872 housing units at an average density of 1,486.8 per square mile (574.1/km2)*. The racial makeup of the city was 59.15% (23,957) White, 26.88% (10,888) Black or African American, 0.29% (118) Native American, 2.71% (1,099) Asian, 0.02% (8) Pacific Islander, 7.57% (3,066) from other races, and 3.37% (1,363) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.93% (10,095) of the population.
There were 14,909 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the city, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.8 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 87.7 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey shows that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $55,859 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,529) and the median family income was $64,439 (+/- $4,027). Males had a median income of $45,890 (+/- $3,397) versus $39,288 (+/- $2,842) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,011 (+/- $1,161). About 5.9% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
|Largest ancestries (2000)||Percent|
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 39,394 people, 15,052 households, and 10,084 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,645.5 people per square mile (1,407.0/km²). There were 15,567 housing units at an average density of 1,440.6 per square mile (556.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.08% White, 22.80% African American, 0.14% Native American, 2.35% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.88% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.40% of the population.
There were 15,052 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,345, and the median income for a family was $54,903. Males had a median income of $39,457 versus $30,395 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,314. About 5.0% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
Raymond Wood Bauer Promenade is the home of outdoor concerts and other performing arts in Linden. Live bands play R&B, funk and jazz at several live performance venues, and late R&B and jazz vocalist Linda Hayes, who played with the well-known Platters (of which her brother was lead singer) was from Linden.
Catholic-born artist Thomas Lanigan-Schmidt grew up in poverty in 1950s and 60s Linden, New Jersey. Openly gay, he recently had a career retrospective on his exploration of "gay sexuality, class struggle, and religion" in his art at MoMA PS1, and is also known for being photographed as a youth at the Stonewall Riots. Lanigan-Schmidt worked as a 1960s Linden youth doing "odd jobs to help support his family and was bullied by high school thugs," moving to New York City as a young man. As a child in 1950s Linden, after Lanigan-Schmidt was assigned to decorate the school bulletin board in his Catholic elementary school, he built a detailed model of a church altar. The impressive model was featured in a local paper while Lanigan-Schmidt was a student at St. Elizabeth School at 170 Hussa Street. The school closed in 2014; it is a part of the campus of St. Elizabeth of Hungary Roman Catholic Church in Linden.
One of the artists from noted New Jersey hardcore (now LA-based) punk hip-hop group Ho99o9 (pronounced "Horror"), theOGM, has Linden roots. Independent horror filmmaker and musician Bradley Creanzo works out of Linden.
1910 Fruitgum Company is a bubblegum pop band from 1960s Linden.
De Luxe Records (later DeLuxe Records) was a record company and label formed in 1944 in Linden, New Jersey, and is known for its famed R&B and early rock recordings. In the mid-20th century, Linden was the headquarters for the Regal Records, as well as the budget record label Springboard International Records later in the century. Transco, before acquisition by Apollo, made sound recording industry acetate discs (also called acetate blanks, dubplates or lacquers) out of Linden.
The Linden Cultural and Heritage Committee exists to bring entertainment events to area residents such as craft bazaars, street fairs, concerts, and plays, and the Linden Society for Historic Preservation works to preserve the history of the city.
The City is also famed for having one of the limited Chevy's restaurants remaining in the tri-state area which draws in patrons from all over the greater New Jersey area.
Parks and recreation
- Hawk Rise Sanctuary is a new bird sanctuary created by the City of Linden and the New Jersey Audubon Society on the banks of the Rahway River.
- John Russell Wheeler Park is home to the Linden Skatepark for skateboarders at Winans Avenue and West Edgar Road near where Morses Creek winds through the park. Residents have complained of pollution fears further down Morses Creek where it enters the Refinery and becomes polluted. Rosehill Cemetery in Linden was drenched during Sandy by an oil-soaked tidal surge from Bayway Refinery.
- Peach Orchard Park sits at Dill Ave, Hussa St., and Cranford Ave behind School #4. It is home to Peach Orchard Brook, a tributary of Morses Creek.
- Capt. James J. Dunn Memorial Park - Rose Parkway near Seymour Avenue
- Sgt. Alexander Wales Memorial Park - West Curtis near Ainsworth Street
- Clifford Lawson Memorial Park - Between Washington Ave. & Walnut St.
- Cpl. Ronald Knosky Memorial Park - No. Stiles Street & Elm Street
- Lexington Avenue Park at West Blanke Street
- Blanke Street Park at Price Street
- Miltonia Street Park at Stiles Street
- James Dobson Park - East Blanke Street at Maple Avenue
- Cleveland Avenue Park - Between Bower and McCandless
- George T. Farewell Memorial Park - Ziegler Avenue and Bergen Avenue
- Dr. Martin L. King Jr. Memorial Park - McCandless at Dill
- Hattie Johnson Playground - Lincoln at Union
- Charles Street Park at Middlesex Street
- James Iozzi Memorial Park - Dill Avenue
- Fifth Ward Park -Dill and Adams
- Hagel Avenue Park – Alberta & Fay Avenue
- Eddy Avenue Park- 12th Street – Mopsick & Winans
- L/Cpl. Melnyk Memorial Park - at Clinton Street
- Clinton Street Play Area at 15th Street
- Buchanan Street Park at Lower Road & Parkway Avenue
- Memorial Park (include Mather Spring) - Between Wood Avenue & Lower Road
- Seventeenth Street Park - E. 17th and 18th Streets
- Seventh Ward Park - So. Stiles, between 17th & 18th St.
- Tremley Park – Main Street at Wood Avenue
- Wanda Anita Green Memorial Park - Grier Avenue & Mack Place
- United Airlines Flight 93 Memorial
- Bachellor Avenue Park – at Urbanowitz Avenue
- Milkosky Park – Bedle Place & Park Avenue
- St. Marks Park - Between Hussa Street & Essex Avenue
- McGillvray Place Park – between Klem & Bedle
- Newton Street Park - At Pallant Avenue
- Sunnyside Park - Summit Terrace at Melrose
- Thomas J. Weiser Park - At Wood Avenue & Raritan Road
- Woodrow Wilson Memorial Park - Academy between Orchard & Summit
- Al Kalla Park - Between Wickersham & Highland Avenue
- Windsor Road at Stiles Street
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 109.72 miles (176.58 km) of roadways, of which 87.01 miles (140.03 km) were maintained by the municipality, 13.53 miles (21.77 km) by Union County, 6.19 miles (9.96 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 2.99 miles (4.81 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Linden is served by U.S. Route 1/9 and Route 27. In terms of limited access roads, the Garden State Parkway passes about 500 feet west of the city limits. The city is also the western terminus of Interstate 278, which travels through all five boroughs of New York City. The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) passes through the eastern portion of the city, with a few ramps that lead to the nearest exit (Exit 13 for I-278) which is right on the city limits with nearby Elizabeth.
Local public transportation is provided by NJ Transit with bus service to Elizabeth, Perth Amboy and Newark. New Jersey Transit routes 112 and 115 provide local service and interstate service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 62 and 94 routes to Newark, and local service on the 56 and 57 routes.
The Linden train station offers service on NJ Transit's North Jersey Coast Line and the Northeast Corridor Line, northbound to Newark Penn Station, Secaucus Junction and New York Penn Station, and southbound towards the Trenton Transit Center, with connections available at those locations
Linden Airport is a small general aviation facility and reliever airport located on the eastern side of the city along U.S. Route 1/9. The airport was constructed for the United States Navy in 1942 for use in development and testing of the Grumman F4F Wildcat and was taken over by the City of Linden after World War II. Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 15 minutes away.
Linden was chosen as the primary filming location for Volume 2 of the streetball video series, AND1 Mixtapes. One of the original five streetballers to sign with AND1, Waliyy Dixon, a Linden native who also goes by the nickname "Main Event," helped host a night of basketball at 4th Ward Park that claimed attendance by 2,000 spectators.
Several scenes from the 2008 Mickey Rourke film The Wrestler, later nominated for several Academy Awards, were filmed in Linden.
Hal Linden, the stage and screen actor, television director and musician best known as the star of the TV series Barney Miller, based his stage name on the city's name, after seeing the word "Linden" on a water tower while heading to from Philadelphia to perform in New York City.
Images for kids
Linden, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.