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Gone with the Wind
Gone with the wind poster.jpg
An early Gone with the Wind poster
Directed by Victor Fleming
George Cukor (uncredited)
Sam Wood (uncredited)
Produced by David O. Selznick
Written by Margaret Mitchell (novel),
Sidney Howard (adapted screenplay),
Ben Hecht (uncredited),
David O. Selznick (uncredited),
Jo Swerling (uncredited),
and John Van Druten (uncredited)
Music by Max Steiner
Cinematography Ernest Haller
Lee Garmes (uncredited)
Studio Selznick International Pictures
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Distributed by RKO Radio Pictures
Release date(s) December 15, 1939
Running time 222 minutes
Language English
Budget $3,900,000 (estimated)

Gone with the Wind is the 1939 American movie based on Margaret Mitchell's book with the same name. The movie premiered in Atlanta, Georgia. It stars Vivien Leigh, Clark Gable, Leslie Howard, and Olivia de Havilland. Gone with the Wind told the story of the American Civil War from the perspective (view point) of a young southern woman named Scarlett O'Hara (Vivien Leigh).

Recognition

Although Gone with the Wind premiered in 1939, it is still remembered today as one of the greatest American movies of all time. When it was released in Atlanta, a parade came before it, plus three days of parties in which the stars of the movie wore costumes and many stores in the city redecorated to look like they would have in the Civil War.

Awards

Gone with the Wind received 10 Academy Awards in 1940.

  • Best Picture - Selznick International Pictures (David O. Selznick, producer)
  • Best Actress in a Leading Role - Vivien Leigh
  • Best Actress in a Supporting Role - Hattie McDaniel
  • Best Cinematography, Color - Ernest Haller, and Ray Rennahan
  • Best Director - Victor Fleming
  • Best movie Editing - Hal C. Kern, and James E. Newcom
  • Best Writing, Screenplay - Sidney Howard
  • Best Art Direction - Lyle Wheeler
  • Honorary Award - William Cameron Menzies - for "the use of color for the enhancement of dramatic mood"
  • Technical Achievement Award - Don Musgrave

It was nominated for five more.

  • Best Actor in a Leading Role - Clark Gable
  • Best Actress in a Supporting Role - Olivia de Havilland
  • Best Effects, Special Effects - Fred Albin (sound), Jack Cosgrove (photographic), and Arthur Johns (sound)
  • Best Music, Original Score - Max Steiner
  • Best Sound, Recording - Thomas T. Moulton (Samuel Goldwyn SSD)

Impact

Gone with the Wind was named the #4 best movie of all time by the American movie Institute. The quote "Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn," said by Rhett Butler at the end of the movie, was voted the #1 greatest movie quote of all time.

Gone with the Wind has become the movie that made the most money of all time, after taking inflation into account.

21st century sensitivities

In the 21st century, the film's availability has been curtailed due to its insensitive racial depictions and its glamorization of slavery. In 2017, Gone with the Wind was pulled from the schedule at the Orpheum Theatre in Memphis, Tennessee, after a 34-year run of annual showings due to its racially insensitive content.

On June 9, 2020, the film was removed from HBO Max amid the George Floyd protests. A spokesperson for HBO Max said that the film was "a product of its time" and as a result, it depicted "ethnic and racial prejudices" that "were wrong then and are wrong today". It was also announced that the film would return to the streaming service at a later date, although it would incorporate "a discussion of its historical context and a denouncement of those very depictions, but will be presented as it was originally created, because to do otherwise would be the same as claiming these prejudices never existed. If we are to create a more just, equitable and inclusive future, we must first acknowledge and understand our history."

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