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Graham, North Carolina
Location of Graham, North Carolina
Location of Graham, North Carolina
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Alamance
 • Total 9.7 sq mi (25.1 km2)
 • Land 9.6 sq mi (24.9 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
653 ft (199 m)
 • Total 14,133
 • Density 1,472/sq mi (568.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 336
FIPS code 37-27280
GNIS feature ID 1024758

Graham is a city in Alamance County, North Carolina, United States. It is part of the Burlington, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census the population was 14,153. It is the county seat of Alamance County.


Graham was laid out in 1849 as the county seat of the newly formed Alamance County, and was incorporated as a town in 1851; it became a city in 1961. It was named for William Alexander Graham, U.S. senator from North Carolina (1840–1843) and governor of North Carolina (1845–1849).

The killing of Wyatt Outlaw, the first African-American Town Commissioner and Constable of Graham, on February 26, 1870, by the Ku Klux Klan , along with the assassination of State Senator John W. Stephens at the Caswell County Courthouse, provoked Governor William Woods Holden to declare martial law in Alamance and Caswell Counties, resulting in the Kirk-Holden War of 1870.

The Alamance County Courthouse, Cedarock Park Historic District, Graham Historic District, William P. Morrow House, North Main Street Historic District, and Oneida Cotton Mills and Scott-Mebane Manufacturing Company Complex are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Graham is located at 36°3′52″N 79°23′53″W / 36.06444°N 79.39806°W / 36.06444; -79.39806 (36.064486, -79.397941). It is bordered to the north and the west by the city of Burlington and to the northeast by the town of Haw River. The Haw River runs along the east edge of Graham, and the city extends south as far as Alamance Creek. Interstate 85 runs through the city, leading east to Durham and west to Greensboro.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.7 square miles (25.1 km2), of which 9.6 square miles (24.9 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.67%, is water.


The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Graham has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 502
1880 379 −24.5%
1890 991 161.5%
1900 2,052 107.1%
1910 2,504 22.0%
1920 2,366 −5.5%
1930 2,972 25.6%
1940 4,339 46.0%
1950 5,026 15.8%
1960 7,723 53.7%
1970 8,172 5.8%
1980 8,674 6.1%
1990 10,426 20.2%
2000 12,833 23.1%
2010 14,153 10.3%
2015 (est.) 14,647 3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,833 people, 5,241 households, and 3,385 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,579.3 people per square mile (609.5/km²). There were 5,685 housing units at an average density of 699.6 per square mile (270.0/km²). The racial composition of the city was: 72.88% White, 21.64% Black or African American, 10.14% Hispanic or Latino American, 0.73% Asian American, 0.44% Native American, 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 3.19% some other race, and 1.12% two or more races.

There were 5,241 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,706, and the median income for a family was $40,769. Males had a median income of $27,844 versus $22,163 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,865. About 11.9% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.

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