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Graham, North Carolina facts for kids

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Alamance County Courthouse and Confederate Monument in Graham
Alamance County Courthouse and Confederate Monument in Graham
Location of Graham, North Carolina
Location of Graham, North Carolina
Graham, North Carolina is located in North Carolina
Graham, North Carolina
Graham, North Carolina
Location in North Carolina
Graham, North Carolina is located in the United States
Graham, North Carolina
Graham, North Carolina
Location in the United States
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Alamance
 • Total 9.83 sq mi (25.47 km2)
 • Land 9.77 sq mi (25.30 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.17 km2)
653 ft (199 m)
 • Total 14,153
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,601.60/sq mi (618.37/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 336
FIPS code 37-27280
GNIS feature ID 1024758

Graham is a city in Alamance County, North Carolina, United States. It is part of the Burlington, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census the population was 14,153. It is the county seat of Alamance County.


Graham was laid out in 1849 as the county seat of the newly formed Alamance County, and was incorporated as a town in 1851; it became a city in 1961. It was named for William Alexander Graham, U.S. senator from North Carolina (1840–1843) and governor of North Carolina (1845–1849).

The killing of Wyatt Outlaw, the first African-American Town Commissioner and Constable of Graham, on February 26, 1870, by the Ku Klux Klan , along with the assassination of State Senator John W. Stephens at the Caswell County Courthouse, provoked Governor William Woods Holden to declare martial law in Alamance and Caswell Counties, resulting in the Kirk-Holden War of 1870.

The Alamance County Courthouse, Cedarock Park Historic District, Graham Historic District, William P. Morrow House, North Main Street Historic District, and Oneida Cotton Mills and Scott-Mebane Manufacturing Company Complex are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Graham is located at 36°3′52″N 79°23′53″W / 36.06444°N 79.39806°W / 36.06444; -79.39806 (36.064486, -79.397941). It is bordered to the north and the west by the city of Burlington and to the northeast by the town of Haw River. The Haw River runs along the east edge of Graham, and the city extends south as far as Alamance Creek. Interstate 85 runs through the city, leading east to Durham and west to Greensboro.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.7 square miles (25.1 km2), of which 9.6 square miles (24.9 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.67%, is water.


The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Graham has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 502
1880 379 −24.5%
1890 991 161.5%
1900 2,052 107.1%
1910 2,504 22.0%
1920 2,366 −5.5%
1930 2,972 25.6%
1940 4,339 46.0%
1950 5,026 15.8%
1960 7,723 53.7%
1970 8,172 5.8%
1980 8,674 6.1%
1990 10,426 20.2%
2000 12,833 23.1%
2010 14,153 10.3%
2019 (est.) 15,646 10.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Graham racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 8,420 49.08%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 4,426 25.8%
Native American 82 0.48%
Asian 222 1.29%
Pacific Islander 6 0.03%
Other/Mixed 788 4.59%
Hispanic or Latino 3,213 18.73%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 17,157 people, 6,412 households, and 3,962 families residing in the city.


The local school system is known as the Alamance-Burlington School System, which was created by a merger between the Alamance County School System and the Burlington City School System in 1996.

Local public schools in Graham include:

  • Southern Alamance High School
  • Graham High School
  • Graham Middle School
  • Southern Middle School
  • Alexander Wilson Elementary School
  • B. Everett Jordan Elementary School
  • North Graham Elementary School
  • South Graham Elementary School

Private schools include:

  • Alamance Christian School

Graham is also home to Alamance Community College, a two-year technical college.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Graham (Carolina del Norte) para niños

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