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Guadalupe County, New Mexico facts for kids

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Guadalupe County
Guadalupe County Courthouse in Santa Rosa
Guadalupe County Courthouse in Santa Rosa
Map of New Mexico highlighting Guadalupe County
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  New Mexico
Founded February 26, 1891
Seat Santa Rosa
Largest city Santa Rosa
 • Total 3,032 sq mi (7,850 km2)
 • Land 3,030 sq mi (7,800 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (3 km2)  0.04%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1.5/sq mi (0.6/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 2nd
Guadalupe Courthouse Old
The older section of Guadalupe County Courthouse, which was built in 1909, adjoins the newer section.

Guadalupe County (Spanish: Condado de Guadalupe) is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,687, making it the fifth-least populous county in New Mexico. Its county seat is Santa Rosa.


Guadalupe County was named after Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (Our Lady of Guadalupe) or after the Mesita de Guadalupe (Guadalupe Plain). The county was created from the southern portion of San Miguel County February 26, 1891 by an act of the New Mexico Territorial Legislature. The original county seat was Puerto De Luna, but was moved north to Santa Rosa in 1903. That same year, after the popular Spanish–American War of 1898, the county's name was changed to Leonard Wood County after the Presidential physician, Major-General in the Rough Riders, and winner of the Medal of Honor. The name was later changed back to Guadalupe County. The County contains whole, or parts of, several previous Spanish land grants to include the Aqua Negra, the Jose Perea, the Anton Chico, and the Preston Beck land grants.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,032 square miles (7,850 km2), of which 3,030 square miles (7,800 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.04%) is water.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 10,927
1920 8,015 −26.6%
1930 7,027 −12.3%
1940 8,646 23.0%
1950 6,772 −21.7%
1960 5,610 −17.2%
1970 4,969 −11.4%
1980 4,496 −9.5%
1990 4,156 −7.6%
2000 4,680 12.6%
2010 4,687 0.1%
2019 (est.) 4,300 −8.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2016

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 4,687 people, 1,766 households, and 1,114 families living in the county. The population density was 1.5 inhabitants per square mile (0.58/km2). There were 2,393 housing units at an average density of 0.8 per square mile (0.31/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.4% white, 1.9% American Indian, 1.7% black or African American, 1.3% Asian, 21.4% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 79.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 8.3% were German, and 2.4% were American.

Of the 1,766 households, 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families, and 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 40.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,488 and the median income for a family was $37,535. Males had a median income of $36,494 versus $23,984 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,710. About 21.7% of families and 28.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.7% of those under age 18 and 27.4% of those age 65 or over.




Census-designated places

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