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Quay County, New Mexico facts for kids

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Quay County
Quay County Courthouse in Tucumcari
Quay County Courthouse in Tucumcari
Map of New Mexico highlighting Quay County
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  New Mexico
Founded February 28, 1903
Named for Matthew Quay
Seat Tucumcari
Largest city Tucumcari
 • Total 2,882 sq mi (7,460 km2)
 • Land 2,874 sq mi (7,440 km2)
 • Water 7.2 sq mi (19 km2)  0.3%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 3.1/sq mi (1.2/km2)
Time zones
Entire county (legally) UTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Nara Visa (unofficially) UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 3rd

Quay County is a county in the state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,041. Its county seat is Tucumcari. The county was named for Pennsylvania senator Matthew Quay, who supported statehood for New Mexico. Its eastern border is the Texas state line, approximately 103.04 degrees west longitude.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,882 square miles (7,460 km2), of which 2,874 square miles (7,440 km2) is land and 7.2 square miles (19 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 14,912
1920 10,444 −30.0%
1930 10,828 3.7%
1940 12,111 11.8%
1950 13,971 15.4%
1960 12,279 −12.1%
1970 10,903 −11.2%
1980 10,577 −3.0%
1990 10,823 2.3%
2000 10,155 −6.2%
2010 9,041 −11.0%
2019 (est.) 8,253 −8.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2016

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 9,041 people, 4,072 households, and 2,502 families living in the county. The population density was 3.1 inhabitants per square mile (1.2/km2). There were 5,569 housing units at an average density of 1.9 per square mile (0.73/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.1% white, 1.2% American Indian, 1.1% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 7.2% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 42.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 11.4% were American, 10.7% were English, 10.5% were German, and 9.8% were Irish.

Of the 4,072 households, 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.6% were non-families, and 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.79. The median age was 45.6 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,773 and the median income for a family was $41,766. Males had a median income of $29,769 versus $32,462 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,234. About 13.3% of families and 21.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.




Census-designated place

Other communities

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Quay para niños

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