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Harding County, New Mexico facts for kids

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Harding County
Mosquero post office
Mosquero post office
Map of New Mexico highlighting Harding County
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  New Mexico
Founded March 4, 1921
Named for Warren G. Harding
Seat Mosquero
Largest village Roy
Area
 • Total 2,126 sq mi (5,510 km2)
 • Land 2,125 sq mi (5,500 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1 km2)  0.02%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
625
 • Density 0.3/sq mi (0.1/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 3rd

Harding County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 695, making it the least populous county in the state, and the 14th-smallest county by population in the United States. Its county seat is Mosquero. The county is named for United States President Warren G. Harding, and was created (from parts of Union and Mora Counties) on the day of his inauguration as president on March 4, 1921.

The only incorporated cities in Harding County are Roy and Mosquero.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,126 square miles (5,510 km2), of which 2,125 square miles (5,500 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.02%) is water. It is divided between a high, nearly treeless prairie to the northwest (the southern limit of the High Plains), and a lower semi-desert rangeland to the southeast, by the eastern portion of the steep Canadian Escarpment. The Canadian River, in a deep and narrow canyon, forms the western border with Mora County; the southwest border runs along the edge of the Bell Ranch land in San Miguel County. The eastern part of Harding County is underlain in part by the Bravo Dome carbon dioxide gas field, which is commercially extracted.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 4,421
1940 4,374 −1.1%
1950 3,013 −31.1%
1960 1,874 −37.8%
1970 1,348 −28.1%
1980 1,090 −19.1%
1990 987 −9.4%
2000 810 −17.9%
2010 695 −14.2%
2019 (est.) 625 −10.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2016

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 695 people, 349 households, and 213 families living in the county. The population density was 0.3 inhabitants per square mile (0.12/km2). There were 526 housing units at an average density of 0.2 per square mile (0.077/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.9% white, 1.2% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 10.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 43.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 11.0% were German, and 2.2% were American.

Of the 349 households, 15.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.0% were non-families, and 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 1.99 and the average family size was 2.49. The median age was 55.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,750 and the median income for a family was $56,563. Males had a median income of $36,167 versus $29,111 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,684. About 9.1% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 24.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

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