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Hampton, Connecticut
Location in Windham County and the state of Connecticut
Location in Windham County and the state of Connecticut
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Hartford
Region Windham Region
Incorporated 1786
Government
 • Type Selectman-town meeting
Area
 • Total 25.5 sq mi (66.0 km2)
 • Land 25.0 sq mi (64.8 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
Elevation
696 ft (212 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,728
 • Density 67.76/sq mi (26.182/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06247
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-36000
GNIS feature ID 0213441

Hampton is a town in Windham County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 1,728 at the 2020 census.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.5 square miles (66 km2), of which, 25.0 square miles (65 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (1.96%) is water.

History

Hampton is made up of lands originally shared by the towns of Pomfret and Windham. It was incorporated from the towns of Pomfret, Brooklyn, Canterbury, Mansfield, and Windham in 1786. The Congregational Church is the second oldest church in the state still in use, with portions of the structure dating from 1754. Also preserved is "The House the Women Built," a 2-story building built in 1776 by Sally Bowers and other young women of the town while the men fought in the Continental Army. At Clark's Corner there is also a liberty pole dating from 1849. Erected by a resident named Jonathan Clark, it records the distance to Hartford and other towns.

Notable people

BrewsterDrMrs
A painting (ca. 1795-1800) by John Brewster Jr. of his stepmother and his father, a leader in the Hampton church and member of the Connecticut General Assembly
  • William H. Barnes, jurist
  • John Brewster Jr. (1766–1854), deaf, itinerant, prolific painter; born in town
  • Royal B. Farnum (1884–1967), president of the Athenæum and Mechanics Institute
  • Martin Flint (1782-1855), Vermont political figure and military officer; a leader of the Anti-Masonic Party and Adjutant General of the Vermont Militia
  • Edwin Way Teale (1899–1980), naturalist and author; lived on a farm in rural Hampton with his wife Nellie from 1959 until his death. Their time at the farm named Trail Wood is chronicled in Teale's book A Naturalist Buys an Old Farm (1974). The property is now managed as a nature preserve by the Connecticut Audubon Society.
  • Theodore Dwight Weld (1803–1895), author of American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses; evangelical abolitionist; born in town, where he lived until 1825
  • Annie Withey, co-founder of Annie's Homegrown; inventor of Smartfood while living in Hampton with her husband

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,313
1850 946
1860 936 −1.1%
1870 891 −4.8%
1880 827 −7.2%
1890 632 −23.6%
1900 629 −0.5%
1910 583 −7.3%
1920 475 −18.5%
1930 511 7.6%
1940 535 4.7%
1950 672 25.6%
1960 934 39.0%
1970 1,129 20.9%
1980 1,322 17.1%
1990 1,578 19.4%
2000 1,758 11.4%
2010 1,863 6.0%
2020 1,728 −7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income
Voter registration and party enrollment as of April 20, 2007
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Democratic 368 0 368 30.49%
Republican 333 0 333 27.59%
Unaffiliated 501 0 501 41.51%
Minor Parties 5 0 5 0.41%
Total 1,207 0 1,207 100%

At the 2000 census there were 1,758 people, 674 households, and 494 families living in the town. The population density was 70.3 people per square mile (27.2/km2). There were 695 housing units at an average density of 27.8 per square mile (10.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.64% White, 0.23% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.76%.

Of the 674 households 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 19.7% of households were one person and 7.7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.04.

The age distribution was 25.8% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males.

The median household income was $54,464 and the median family income was $66,339. Males had a median income of $44,688 versus $32,337 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,344. About 2.7% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

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