kids encyclopedia robot

Hideki Tōjō facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Hideki Tōjō
Hideki Tojo.jpg
A portrait of Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan
(Leader of the Taisei Yokusankai)
In office
October 17, 1941 – July 22, 1944
Preceded by Fumimaro Konoe
Succeeded by Kuniaki Koiso
Minister of War
In office
22 July 1940 – 22 July 1944
Preceded by Hata Shunroku
Succeeded by Hajime Sugiyama
Personal details
Born (1884-12-30)December 30, 1884
Hamachi district of Tokyo, Empire of Japan
Died December 23, 1948(1948-12-23) (aged 63)
Tokyo, occupied Japan
Citizenship Japanese
Political party Imperial Rule Assistance Association (1940–1945)
Spouse Katsuko Ito
Occupation politician
Awards Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun
Order of the Golden Kite, 2nd Class
Order of the Sacred Treasure
Military service
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Years of service 1905-1945
Rank General
Battles/wars February 26 Incident
Second Sino-Japanese War
Operation Chahar
Japanese invasion of Manchuria
World War II
Attack on Pearl Harbor

Hideki Tōjō (30 December 1884 – 23 December 1948) was a leader of Japan during World War 2.

Hideki Tōjō was born on 30 December 1884 in Tokyo, Japan. He was the third son of a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army named Hidenori Tōjō. Tōjō had two other brothers that were older than him but they all died before he was born.

In 1909, he married a woman named Katsuko Ito and he had seven children with her: three sons and four daughters.

He began his career in the Army in 1902. In the 1930s, Hideki Tōjō fought in the Sino-Japanese war. In March 1937, he was promoted to chief of staff of the Kwantung Army whereby he led military operations against the Chinese in Inner Mongolia and the Chahar-Suiyan provinces. By July 1940, he was appointed minister of war to the Japanese government led by Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe. He urged an alliance with Germany and Italy against the Allied forces.

Tojo became Prime Minister in 1941 and within two months ordered a surprise attack on U.S. naval forces in Hawaii. (The subsequent attack on Pearl Harbor was planned by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto.) During the course of the war, Tojo presided over numerous war crimes, including the massacre and starvation of civilians and prisoners of war.

Tojo served as the political and military leader of Japan until 1944, when he was demoted by Hirohito.

Following his nation's surrender to the Allied Powers in September 1945, he was arrested, convicted by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in the Tokyo Trials, sentenced to death, and hanged on December 23, 1948.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Hideki Tōjō para niños

kids search engine
Hideki Tōjō Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.