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Nobusuke Kishi
岸 信介
Kishi Nobusuke 1954.JPG
Nobusuke Kishi in 1954
37th Prime Minister of Japan
In office
31 January 1957 – 19 July 1960
Acting until 25 February 1957
Monarch Shōwa
Preceded by Tanzan Ishibashi
Succeeded by Hayato Ikeda
Personal details
Born (1896-11-13)13 November 1896
Tabuse, Japan
Died 7 August 1987(1987-08-07) (aged 90)
Tokyo, Japan
Political party Liberal Democratic Party (1955–1987)
Other political
  • Imperial Rule Assistance Association (1941–1945)
  • Japan Democratic Party (1952–1955)
Spouse(s) Ryoko
Children 3
Alma mater Tokyo Imperial University

Nobusuke Kishi (岸 信介 , Kishi Nobusuke, 13 November 1896 – 7 August 1987) was a Japanese politician and the 56th and 57th Prime Minister of Japan from 25 February 1957 to 12 June 1958, and from then to 19 July 1960. He is the maternal grandfather of Shinzō Abe, twice prime minister in 2006–2007 and 2012–present.

Known for his brutal rule of the Japanese puppet state Manchukuo in Northeast China, Kishi was called Shōwa no yōkai (昭和の妖怪; "the Shōwa era monster/devil"). After World War II, Kishi was imprisoned for three years as a Class A war crime suspect. However, the U.S. government released him as they considered Kishi to be the best man to lead a post-war Japan in a pro-American direction. As such, he has been called "America's Favorite War Criminal." He went on to consolidate the Japanese conservative camp against perceived threats from the Japan Socialist Party in the 1950s, and is credited with being a key player in the initiation of the "1955 System," the extended period during which the Liberal Democratic Party was the overwhelmingly dominant political party in Japan.

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