Nobusuke Kishi facts for kids
Nobusuke Kishi in 1954
|37th Prime Minister of Japan|
31 January 1957 – 19 July 1960
Acting until 25 February 1957
|Preceded by||Tanzan Ishibashi|
|Succeeded by||Hayato Ikeda|
13 November 1896|
|Died||7 August 1987
|Political party||Liberal Democratic Party (1955–1987)|
|Alma mater||Tokyo Imperial University|
Nobusuke Kishi (岸 信介 Kishi Nobusuke, 13 November 1896 – 7 August 1987) was a Japanese politician and the 56th and 57th Prime Minister of Japan from 25 February 1957 to 12 June 1958, and from then to 19 July 1960. He is the maternal grandfather of Shinzō Abe, twice prime minister in 2006–2007 and 2012–present.
Known for his brutal rule of the Japanese puppet state Manchukuo in Northeast China, Kishi was called Shōwa no yōkai (昭和の妖怪; "the Shōwa era monster/devil"). After World War II, Kishi was imprisoned for three years as a Class A war crime suspect. However, the U.S. government released him as they considered Kishi to be the best man to lead a post-war Japan in a pro-American direction. As such, he has been called "America's Favorite War Criminal." He went on to consolidate the Japanese conservative camp against perceived threats from the Japan Socialist Party in the 1950s, and is credited with being a key player in the initiation of the "1955 System," the extended period during which the Liberal Democratic Party was the overwhelmingly dominant political party in Japan.
Images for kids
Nobusuke Kishi (1896–1987, left) relaxes at the house of his brother, the then Chief Cabinet Secretary Eisaku Satō (1901–75), shortly after he was released from Sugamo Prison on 24 December 1948.
Nobusuke Kishi Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.