Indian National Army facts for kids

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Indian National Army
Former Indian National Army Monument.JPG
Former Indian National Army Monument
Active August 1942 – September 1945
Role Guerrilla, infantry, special operations
Size 43,000 (approximate)
Motto(s) Ittehad, Itmad aur Qurbani
(Unity, Faith and Sacrifice in Urdu)
March Kadam Kadam Badaye Ja
Engagements

World War II

  • Burma Campaign
    • Battle of Ngakyedauk
    • Battle of Imphal
    • Battle of Kohima
    • Battle of Pokoku
    • Battle of Central Burma
Commanders
Ceremonial chief Subhash Chandra Bose

The Indian National Army was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II. Its aim was to secure Indian independence from British rule. It formed an alliance with Imperial Japan in the latter's campaign in the World War II. The army was first formed]] in 1942 under Mohan Singh Deb, by Indian PoWs of the British-Indian Army captured by Japan in the Malayan campaign and Battle at Singapore.

This first INA collapsed and was disbanded in December that year after differences between the INA leadership and the Japanese military over its role in Japan's war in Asia. It was revived under the leadership of Subhash Chandra Bose after his arrival in Southeast Asia in 1943. The army was declared to be the army of Bose's Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (the Provisional Government of Free India). Under Bose's leadership, the INA drew ex-prisoners and thousands of civilian volunteers from the Indian expatriate population in Malaya (present-day Malaysia) and Burma. This second INA fought along with the Imperial Japanese Army against the British and Commonwealth forces in the campaigns in Burma, in Imphal and at Kohima, and later against the successful Burma Campaign of the Allies.

The INA's members were viewed as xis collaborators by British soldiers and Indian PoWs who did not join the army, but after the war they were seen as patriots by many Indians. Although they were widely commemorated by the Indian National Congress in the immediate aftermath of Indian independence, members of the INA were denied the status of freedom fighter by the Government of India, unlike those in the Gandhian movement. Nevertheless, the army remains a popular and passionate topic in popular Indian culture and in Indian politics.

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