Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain facts for kids

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María Teresa Rafaela of Spain
Detail of the 1743 portrait of the Family of Philip V of Spain, (María Teresa Rafaela and María Antonia Fernanda) L M van Loo.jpg
Maria Teresa Rafaela with her younger sister
Dauphine of France
Tenure 23 February 1745 – 22 July 1746
Born 11 June 1726
Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain
Died 22 July 1746 (aged 20)
Palace of Versailles, France
Burial 6 August 1746
Royal Basilica of Saint Denis, France
Spouse Louis, Dauphin of France
Issue Princess Marie Thérèse, Madame Royale
Full name
María Teresa Antonia Rafaela de Borbón y Farnesio
House House of Bourbon
Father Philip V of Spain
Mother Elisabeth Farnese
Signature María Teresa Rafaela of Spain's signature

Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain (11 June 1726 – 22 July 1746) was an Infanta of Spain by birth and was later the wife of Louis Ferdinand, Dauphin of France, son of Louis XV of France. She died during childbirth aged 20, She gave birth to a daughter who died at two years of age leaving the Dauphine with no surviving descendants. She used the names "Marie Thérèse".

Life

She was the second daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese. Baptised with the names María Teresa Antonia Rafaela, she was known as María Teresa Rafaela. She was engaged to Louis Ferdinand, Dauphin of France, son of Louis XV of France. The official marriage took place at the Palace of Versailles on 23 February 1745. The marriage was an idea to try and better relations between France and Spain after Louis XV had not married Maria Anna Victoria of Spain, María Teresa Rafaela's older sister.

On 19 July 1746, Marie Thérèse Raphaëlle (as she was known in France) gave birth to a daughter before dying herself on 22 July at Versailles. The child died in 1748. Her husband married again to Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony and was the mother of Louis XVI of France. She was buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis.

Children

  1. Princess Marie Thérèse of France (19 July 1746 – 27 April 1748). Named after her mother, she died in infancy and was known simply as Madame Royale.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 11 June 1726 – 23 February 1745 Her Royal Highness The Infanta Doña María Teresa Rafaela of Spain
  • 23 February 1745 – 22 July 1746 Her Royal Highness the Dauphine of France (Son Altesse royale, "Madame la Dauphine".)

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