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Jaber al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah
الشيخ جابر الأحمد الجابر الصباح
Jabir al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah 1998.jpg
Emir of Kuwait
Reign 31 December 1977 – 15 January 2006
Predecessor Sabah III
Successor Saad I
Born (1926-06-29)29 June 1926
Kuwait City
Died 15 January 2006(2006-01-15) (aged 79)
United Kingdom
Burial Kuwait
Father Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Mother Sheikha Bazba bint Salim Al-Sabah
Religion Islam

Sheikh Jaber al-Ahmad al-Sabah, GCB (Hon), GCMG (Hon) (29 June 1926 – 15 January 2006) of the al-Sabah dynasty, was the 3rd Emir of post-independence Kuwait and Commander of the Military of Kuwait; serving from 31 December 1977 until his death on 15 January 2006 due to cerebral hemorrhage. The third monarch to rule Kuwait since its independence from Britain, Jaber had previously served as minister of finance and Economy from 1962 until 1965, when he was appointed prime minister prior to becoming Kuwait's ruler.

Early life and education

Jaber was born on 29 June 1926 in Kuwait City. Jaber was the third son of the late Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.

Jaber received his early education at Al-Mubarakiya School, Al-Ahmediya School, and Al-Sharqiya School, and was subsequently tutored privately in religion, English, Arabic, and the sciences. His brother Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah was killed in the Gulf war, infront of Dasman Palace.

Career

In 1962, he was appointed as Kuwait's minister of finance when the ministry was established. In this position, Sheikh Jaber was tasked with putting the new Kuwaiti dinar into circulation and establishing the Kuwaiti Currency Board, of which he was the chair. As minister, Jaber adopted, and was the first chairman of, the Kuwaiti Fund for Arab Economic Development from 1962–1964.

The Fund provides financial and technical assistance to developing countries; currently it is helping 103 countries. The country's oil revenues transformed it from a largely urban seafaring society to a modern state. During this time, the Fund expanded to aid five countries and gave loans to another eight. The money going into the fund came from oil earnings, with virtually all of it being sent outside Kuwait.

Iran–Iraq War

Kuwait found itself geographically in the middle of the Iran–Iraq War that took place from 1980 to 1988.

Throughout the war, the country suffered from many security threats, including a series of bombings. In 1986, one year after the attack on Sheikh Jaber's motorcade, there was an attack on an oil installation, which almost caused the shutdown of Kuwait's oil industry.

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