Jacksonville, Arkansas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Location of Jacksonville in Pulaski County, Arkansas.
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|• City||28.86 sq mi (74.74 km2)|
|• Land||28.65 sq mi (74.19 km2)|
|• Water||0.21 sq mi (0.54 km2)|
|Elevation||285 ft (87 m)|
|• Density||1,029.01/sq mi (397.30/km2)|
|• Metro||729,135 ('14) (Little Rock/North Little Rock)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0057978|
Jacksonville is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, and a suburb of Little Rock. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 28,364. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area with 729,135 people as of 2014.
The city is named for Nicholas Jackson, a landowner who deeded the land for the railroad right-of-way to the Cairo & Fulton Railroad in 1870. The community evolved from the settlement surrounding the railroad depot, eventually incorporating in 1941. In 1941, construction began on the Arkansas Ordnance Plant (AOP), which served as the primary facility for the development of fuses and detonators for World War II. Following the war, AOP ceased operations and the land was sold for commercial interests, including the development of the Little Rock Air Force Base in 1955. Today, portions of AOP still remain, including the Arkansas Ordnance Plant Guard House, which is on the National Register of Historic Places and the Jacksonville Museum of Military History. Despite Pulaski County being an Arkansas county that is not a "dry" county, as it allows the sales of beer and liquor, the municipal limits of Jacksonville are "moist", as it does not allow the sales of alcohol in stores, but allows the sale of alcohol in some restaurants with special permits.
Jacksonville is located at 34°52′13″N 92°6′55″W / 34.87028°N 92.11528°W (34.870345, −92.115164).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.2 square miles (73.1 km2), of which 28.1 square miles (72.8 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.42%, is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||11,757||39.89%|
|Hispanic or Latino||2,180||7.4%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 29,477 people, 10,333 households, and 7,025 families residing in the city.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Jacksonville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
Since 1927, Jacksonville had been part of the Pulaski County Special School District, one of the largest school districts in Arkansas. In the years leading up to September, 2008, parts of the Jacksonville community expressed a desire to split from the PCSSD. This measure was approved by the board of the PCSSD during that month, clearing the way, legally, for the formation of what would become Jacksonville North Pulaski School District.
In a response to a petition signed by more than 2,000 voters, the Arkansas Board of Education ordered an election to carve a new school district out of the existing Pulaski County Special School District. Jacksonville voters approved of the separation on September 16, 2014 with a vote of 3,672 for and 202 against (95% to 5%).
According to JNPSD officials, the district would be administered by the Pulaski County Special School District until its final detachment, which became effective July 1, 2016.
The district consists of six elementary schools, one middle school and one high school. The schools include Jacksonville High School, Jacksonville Middle School, Bayou Meto Elementary School, Bobby G Lester Elementary School, Dupree Elementary School, Pinewood Elementary School and Taylor Elementary School.
A number of privately operated daycare services and church-affiliated schools are also available throughout the city. In addition, Arkansas State University-Beebe maintains a degree center at Little Rock Air Force Base for post-secondary education.
The Central Arkansas Library System includes the Esther Dewitt Nixon Library in Jacksonville.
- Grady Adkins, pitcher for Chicago White Sox 1928-29
- Homer Martin Adkins, governor of Arkansas from 1941 to 1945, was born in Jacksonville in 1890
- Kris Allen, American Idol Season 8 winner
- Lisa Blount, actress, memorable role An Officer and a Gentleman
- Dan Hampton, Daniel Oliver Hampton, also known as "Danimal" (born September 19, 1957) is a retired NFL football defensive tackle who played 12 seasons for the Chicago Bears from 1979 to 1990; elected to Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2002; hosted Bears pre- and post-game shows on WGN Radio in Chicago
- Demetrius Harris, tight end for NFL's Kansas City Chiefs
- Bob Johnson, Democratic member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Jacksonville since 2015; former Pulaski County justice of the peace
- Jakob Junis (born 1992), baseball pitcher for the San Francisco Giants
- Clinton McDonald, defensive tackle for NFL's Tampa Bay Buccaneers, formerly of Seattle Seahawks, Super Bowl XLVIII champion; played college football at Memphis
- Glen Rice, NBA champion in 2000
- Robert Thomas, Robert Lee Thomas, IV (born December 1, 1974) was an NFL football fullback; played college football at Henderson State University and then for the Dallas Cowboys, as the lead blocker for Emmitt Smith
Torey Burks Sr Jacksonville High School Class of 2004 Class President Professional Saxophonist at age of 15