Japanese calendar facts for kids
The lunisolar Chinese calendar was introduced to Japan via Korea in the middle of the sixth century. After that, Japan calculated its calendar using various Chinese calendar procedures, and from 1685, using Japanese variations of the Chinese procedures. But in 1873, as part of Japan's Meiji period modernization, a calendar based on the solar Gregorian calendar was introduced. In Japan today, the old Chinese calendar is virtually ignored; celebrations of the Lunar New Year are thus limited to Chinese and other Asian immigrant communities.
Annual holidays in Japan's calendar
The Japanese calendar has yearly holidays and traditional events. Some of these preserve ancient customs.
The names and dates of some of Japan's national holidays have changed over time.
|Date||English name||Official name||Romanization|
|January 1||New Year's Day||元日||Ganjitsu|
|2nd Monday of January||Coming of Age Day||成人の日||Seijin no hi|
|February 11||National Foundation Day||建国記念の日||Kenkoku kinen no hi|
|March 3||Girls' Day||雛祭の日||Hinamatsuri|
|March 20 or March 21||Vernal Equinox Day||春分の日||Shunbun no hi|
|April 29||Shōwa Day||昭和の日||Shōwa no hi|
|May 3||Constitution Memorial Day||憲法記念日||Kenpō kinenbi|
|May 4||Greenery Day||みどり(緑)の日||Midori no hi|
|May 5||Children's Day||子供の日||Kodomo no hi|
|3rd Monday of July||Marine Day||海の日||Umi no hi|
|3rd Monday of September||Respect for the Aged Day||敬老の日||Keirō no hi|
|September 23 or September 24||Autumnal Equinox Day||秋分の日||Shūbun no hi|
|2nd Monday of October||Health-Sports Day||体育の日||Taiiku no hi|
|November 3||Culture Day||文化の日||Bunka no hi|
|November 23||Labour Thanksgiving Day||勤労感謝の日||Kinrō kansha no hi|
|December 23||The Emperor's Birthday||天皇誕生日||Tennō tanjōbi|
Japanese calendar Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.