John Moresby facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
15 March 1830|
Allerford, Somerset, England
|Died||12 July 1922
Fareham, Hampshire, England
|Commands held||HMS Endymion|
|Relations||Fairfax Moresby (father);
L. Adams Beck (daughter)
Life and career
Moresby was born in Allerford, Somerset, England, the son of Eliza Louisa and Admiral of the Fleet Sir Fairfax Moresby. He joined the navy at an early age as a Volunteer 1st Class in HMS Victor, and rose to be in charge of the 1,031 ton paddle steamer cruiser HMS Basilisk in which he made hydrological surveys around eastern New Guinea. During the survey of the southern coast he discovered the harbour which he named Fairfax after his father. The town established there, based on already existing native villages (principally Hanuabada) was named Port Moresby and is now the nation's capital.
John Moresby was also searching for a shorter route between Australia and China and on the eastern tip of the island he discovered the China Strait. He continued exploring along the north west coast as far as the Huon Gulf.
On 29 September 1876, Moresby took command of HMS Endymion, remaining in this position until 6 March 1878.
- Walter Halliday Moresby CBE (9 November 1861 – 24 April 1951), lawyer and spy
- Elizabeth Louisa Moresby (1862 – 3 January 1931), became a well-known writer under a variety of pseudonyms, married Edward Western Hodgkinson and Ralph Coker Adams Beck
- Harry Drake Hodgkinson
- Ethel Fortescue Moresby (1865 – ?), married Frederick Haines
- Georgina Moresby (23 July 1867 - 1953?), married Peyton Temple Mackeson (1854–1918)
- Donald Fairfax Mackeson
- Hilda Fairfax Moresby (16 December 1868 – 16 August 1893), accidentally drowned
- Gladys Moresby (5 April 1870 - ?)
John Moresby Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.