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John Robert Thomas
John R. Thomas.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 18th district
In office
March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1883
Preceded by William Hartzell
Succeeded by William R. Morrison
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 20th district
In office
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1889
Preceded by District created
Succeeded by George W. Smith
Personal details
Born (1846-10-11)October 11, 1846
Mount Vernon, Illinois, United States
Died January 19, 1914(1914-01-19) (aged 67)
McAlester, Oklahoma, United States
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia, United States
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Charlotte Maria Culver
Children 2
Occupation Attorney

John Robert Thomas (October 11, 1846 – January 19, 1914) was a U.S. Representative from Illinois. He was later appointed a U.S. District Judge in the Indian Territory, which then encompassed most of the eastern part of present-day Oklahoma, serving from 1898 to 1901. After statehood, he served on the Oklahoma State Code Commission which was tasked with reviewing and editing the new state laws that had been hastily put together during the rush to statehood. After returning to his private law practice, he went to the Oklahoma state prison at McAlester to interview an inmate on January 19, 1914, when he was killed by three other inmates who shot him to death while escaping prison.

Judge Thomas was also the father of Carolyn T. Foreman, who married banker Grant Foreman in 1905. After their marriage and the judge's death, Carolyn and Grant become noted Oklahoma historians.

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