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Joondalup
Western Australia
JoondalupCentroBoas.jpg
Joondalup Centro, Boas Avenue
Population 49,675 (2006 census)
 • Density 1,267.2/km2 (3,282/sq mi)
Established 1980s
Postcode(s) 6027
Area 39.2 km2 (15.1 sq mi)
Location 26 km (16 mi) from Perth
LGA(s) City of Joondalup
State electorate(s) Joondalup
Federal Division(s) Moore

Joondalup (/ˈndəlʌp/) is a regional metropolitan city within Perth, Western Australia, approximately 26 kilometres (16 mi) north of Perth's central business district (CBD).

It acts as the primary urban centre in Perth's outer northern suburbs.

History

During the latter part of the 1960s, the Metropolitan Regional Planning Authority developed the Corridor Plan for Perth which was published and adopted in 1970. The plan called for the creation of five 'sub-regional' retail centres (Fremantle, Joondalup, Midland, Armadale and Rockingham) which would form the commercial and economic focus of each 'node', and take the retail burden away from the CBD. The Corridor Plan was not endorsed by Parliament until 1973.

In order to grow both the five 'sub-regional' retail centres and these off-corridor regional shopping centres, a Retail Shopping Policy was developed by MRPA in 1976, and a Perth Metropolitan Region Retail Structure Plan was put in place to regulate the industry. This Plan was amended as new centres were required. A review of the Corridor Plan in 1987 found that the sub-regional centres had failed to adequately compete against the regional shopping centres in the middle-distance suburbs.

The majority of land in the area remained largely undeveloped until the 1960s, and Joondalup started to become the "city of the north" towards the late 1980s to the early 1990s when houses and businesses were established in the area. Joondalup is the key regional hub for the north of Perth, a status confirmed by the Western Australian State Government's new Directions 2031 strategy which names Joondalup town centre as one of two Primary Centres for the Perth metropolitan area.

The city is named after Lake Joondalup. The name Joondalup is a Noongar Aboriginal word, first recorded in 1837 and possibly meaning either "place of whiteness or glistening", or "place of a creature that can only move backwards".

Geography

Joondalup as a centre has no statutory boundaries. The Australian Bureau of Statistics have determined a statistical area which covers all of the City of Joondalup north of Ocean Reef Road, which uses Lakeside Joondalup as a regional shopping centre and uses Joondalup railway station as a public transport hub. This area is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the west, Lake Joondalup to the east and the city boundary to the north, and encompasses the following suburbs:

Demographics

Religion

Joondalup has a large Christian majority, comprising 49% of the city's religious following, with the two largest denominations being Anglican (12,208 or 24.6%) and Catholic (12,154, 24.1%). 21.6% of Joondalup's population professed no religion.

Age structure

Joondalup contains a fairly youthful population, with a median age of 34, compared to the Australian national average of 37 in 2006.

Tourism

Joondalup was granted the status of "tourism precinct" by the State Government in 2009, allowing the city to enjoy extended retail trading hours.

Sister cities

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