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Kiowa, Kansas
Location within Barber County and Kansas
Location within Barber County and Kansas
KDOT map of Barber County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Barber
Founded 1872
Incorporated 1885
Named for Kiowa people
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Area
 • Total 1.11 sq mi (2.87 km2)
 • Land 1.11 sq mi (2.87 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,332 ft (406 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,026
 • Estimate 
(2019)
931
 • Density 840.25/sq mi (324.34/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67070
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-37125
GNIS ID 0470540

Kiowa is a city in Barber County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 1,026.

History

19th century

Kiowa was founded in 1872. It was named for the Kiowa people.

20th century

On June 7, 1900, anti-saloon advocate Carrie Nation vandalized her first saloon in Kiowa.

In 1905, the Denver, Enid and Gulf Railroad was built from Enid, Oklahoma to Kiowa. In 1907, it was sold to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. In 1996, the line from Kiowa to Blanton, Oklahoma was abandoned.

Geography

Kiowa is located at 37°1′3″N 98°29′5″W / 37.01750°N 98.48472°W / 37.01750; -98.48472 (37.017520, -98.484721). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.07 square miles (2.77 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 42
1890 893 2,026.2%
1900 765 −14.3%
1910 1,520 98.7%
1920 1,539 1.3%
1930 1,501 −2.5%
1940 1,379 −8.1%
1950 1,561 13.2%
1960 1,674 7.2%
1970 1,414 −15.5%
1980 1,409 −0.4%
1990 1,160 −17.7%
2000 1,055 −9.1%
2010 1,026 −2.7%
2019 (est.) 931 −9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,026 people, 466 households, and 273 families living in the city. The population density was 958.9 inhabitants per square mile (370.2/km2). There were 578 housing units at an average density of 540.2 per square mile (208.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.3% White, 0.2% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.8% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 466 households, of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.4% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the city was 46.9 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.5% were from 25 to 44; 28.5% were from 45 to 64; and 23.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

Education

The community is served by South Barber USD 255 public school district.

The Kiowa Chieftains won the Kansas State High School class B Track & Field championship in 1940.

Infrastructure

K-2 and K-8 highways, and the Southern Transcon main line of BNSF Railway pass through Kiowa.

Notable people

  • Marcellus Boss, the 5th Civilian Governor of Guam; former Kiowa city attorney.
  • Charles E. Brown, Jr., Chief of Chaplains of the U.S. Army.
  • Bill Tidwell, four-time NAIA middle distance champion at Kansas State Teachers College (ESU), then coach and athletic director
  • James Wilson, Colorado State Representative
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