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Korčula (town) facts for kids

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Korčula
Town
Grad Korčula
Town of Korčula
Korčula Old Town
Korčula Old Town
Country  Croatia
County Flag of Dubrovnik-Neretva County.png Dubrovnik-Neretva
Island Korčula
Population
 (2011)
 • Town 5,663
 • Urban
2,856
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
20260
Area code(s) +385 20
Vehicle registration DU
Climate Csa
Website korcula.hr

Korčula (Italian: Curzola) is a historic fortified town on the protected east coast of the island of Korčula, in Croatia, in the Adriatic.

Population

The City of Korčula has a total population of 5,634, in the following individual settlements:

  • Čara, population 616
  • Korčula, population 2,856
  • Pupnat, population 391
  • Račišće, population 432
  • Žrnovo population 1,368

Construction

The old city is surrounded by walls, and the streets are arranged in a herringbone pattern allowing free circulation of air but protecting against strong winds. Korčula is tightly built on a promontory that guards the narrow sound between the island and the mainland. Building outside the walls was forbidden until the 18th century, and the wooden drawbridge was only replaced in 1863. All of Korčula's narrow streets are stepped with the notable exception of the street running alongside the southeastern wall. The street is called the Street of Thoughts as one did not have to worry about the steps.

Historic sites

The town's historic sites include the central Romanesque-Gothic Cathedral of St Mark (built from 1301 to 1806), the 15th-century Franciscan monastery with a Venetian Gothic cloister, the civic council chambers, the palace of the former Venetian governors, grand 15th- and 16th-century palaces of the local merchant nobles, and the massive city fortifications.

Cursola, as it was called in Latin, became an episcopal see in the early 14th century, when the bishop of Ston (Stagnum in Latin) asked to be authorized to transfer his seat there because of Serb pressure on Ston. This was granted and he was made bishop also of a new diocese of Cursola united with his previous one. In 1541, the Ragusans asked for the separation of ecclesiastical jurisdiction over Ston, which they had conquered, from Cursola, which in the previous century had become a Venetian possession. In 1828, when both the Korčula and Ragusa (Dubrovnik) belonged to the Austrian Empire, the territory of the diocese of Cursola was made part of that of Dubrovnik. No longer a residential bishopric, Cursola is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.

Culture

The devout Catholic inhabitants of Korčula keep alive old folk church ceremonies and a weapon dance, the Moreška, which dates back to the Middle Ages. Originally danced only on special occasions, in modern times there are performances twice a week for tourists.

The city's Town Statute dating back to 1214 prohibited slavery.

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