Kutná Hora facts for kids

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Kutná Hora
Town
Kutná Hora in September 2012
Kutná Hora in September 2012
Flag of Kutná Hora
Flag
Coat of arms of Kutná Hora
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Central Bohemian
District Kutná Hora
Founded 13th century
Area
 • Total 33.05 km2 (12.76 sq mi)
Elevation 254 m (833 ft)
Population (2019-01-01)
 • Total 20,580
 • Density 622.69/km2 (1,612.8/sq mi)
Website www.kutnahora.cz
Kutná Hora
UNESCO World Heritage site
Official name Historical Town Centre with the Church of St. Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec
Inscription 1995 (19th Session)

Kutná Hora is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.

History

Silver mine, Kutna Hora
Silver mine, Kutna Hora

The town began in 1142 with the settlement of Sedlec Abbey, the first Cistercian monastery in Bohemia, Sedlec Monastery, brought from the Imperial immediate Cistercian Waldsassen Abbey.

By 1260, German miners began to mine for silver in the mountain region, which they named Kuttenberg, and which was part of the monastery property. The name of the mountain is said to have derived from the monks' cowls (the Kutten) or from the word mining (kutání in old Czech). Under Abbot Heidenreich, the territory greatly advanced due to the silver mines which gained importance during the economic boom of the 13th century.

The earliest traces of silver have been found dating back to the 10th century, when Bohemia already had been in the crossroads of long-distance trade for many centuries. Silver dinars have been discovered belonging to the period between 982–995 in the settlement of Malín, which is now a part of Kutná Hora.

From the 13th to 16th centuries, the city competed with Prague economically, culturally, and politically. Since 1995, the city center has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Kutná-Hora,-Pomník-obětem 1. světové války
Memorial to victims of World War I

Together with the rest of Bohemia, the town became part of the newly founded Czechoslovakia after World War I and the collapse of Austria-Hungary.

Kutná Hora was incorporated into the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia by Nazi Germany in the period 1939–1945, but was restored to Czechoslovakia after World War II.

The town became part of the Czech Republic in 1993, after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

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