La Perla, San Juan, Puerto Rico facts for kids

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LaPerla SanJuan PuertoRico
Aerial view to La Perla pushed outside of the historical San Juan walls
Laperla2
La Perla seen from Castillo de San Cristobal. The street on the left is Calle Norzagaray

La Perla is a historical community astride the northern historic city wall of Old San Juan, Puerto Rico, stretching about 650 yards (600 m) along the rocky Atlantic coast immediately east of the Santa Maria Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery and down the slope from (north of) Calle Norzagaray.

La Perla was established in the late 19th century. Initially, the area was the site of a slaughterhouse because the law required them and homes of former slaves and homeless non-white servants – as well as cemeteries – to be established away from the main community center; in this case, outside the city walls. Sometime after, some of the farmers and workers started living around the slaughterhouse and shortly established their houses there.

Local Salsa and Hip Hop concerts are held each week with the intention of shedding the historically bad image of the community. Art shows and an oceanfront community arts-and-crafts fair occur yearly.

Only three access points exist, one through the "Santa Maria Magdalena Cemetery", one on the east side and one through a walkway right in the center of the northern wall. The Puerto Rico police department conducted a raid as late as July 2011, where several high-profile community leaders were arrested for heroin distribution. The Drug Enforcement Administration estimates that the drug trade in La Perla is a twenty million dollar enterprise.

Streets

The streets of La Perla are not indicated on most city maps in order to deter tourists from walking into the high crime area:

  1. Calle Tiburcio Reyes (western border, along the outside of the old city wall)
  2. Calle San Miguel (mostly in the western part, along the north)
  3. Calle Bajada Matadero (mostly in the western part, along the south)
  4. Calle Lucila Silva (mostly in the western part, east-west through the middle, too narrow for cars)
  5. Calle Augustin O Aponte (eastern part)

La Perla was the true site of the fictional "La Esmeralda" barrio depicted in Oscar Lewis's sociological work "La Vida" describing the lives of Puerto Rican slumdwellers through taped interviews with dozens of intertwined family members who lived there in the 1940s-1960s.

Census

In terms of the United States 2000 Census, La Perla is composed of Census blocks 3001 through 3010 (Block group 3, Census tract 4, San Juan, Puerto Rico). A population of 338 was reported, 198 housing units (29 unoccupied), and 169 households, on an area of 80,028 square yards (16.53 acres; 66,914 m²).

La Perla belongs to and consists of the northernmost stretches of the sub-barrios Mercado (west) and San Cristóbal (east) of Old San Juan. The dividing line between the subbarrios is the imagined extension of Calle San Justo to the north beyond the old city wall to the Atlantic coast. The eastern part consists of Census blocks 3002, 3009 und 3010, with a population of 64, 35 housing units (4 unoccupied), and 31 households, on 41,348 square yards (8.5 acres; 34,572 m²).


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