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List of Minnesota wildflowers facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

This is a list of all the wildflowers native to Minnesota by common name, following Minnesota DNR conventions. Where several species of plants share part of a common name, they have been grouped together under that name; this is for indexing purposes and does not always indicate a taxonomic relationship.

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Contents

A

  • Alexanders
    • Golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)
    • Heart-leaved alexanders (Zizia aptera)
  • Anemone
  • Aplectrum
  • Asters
    • Aromatic aster (Symphyotrichum oblongifolium)
    • Awl aster (Symphyotrichum pilosum)
    • Bog aster (Symphyotrichum boreale)
    • Crooked aster (Symphyotrichum prenanthoides)
    • Drummond's aster (Symphyotrichum drummondii)
    • Eastern panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum)
    • Flat-topped aster (Doellingeria umbellata)
    • Heath aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides)
    • Heart-leaved aster (Symphyotrichum cordifolium)
    • Large-leaved aster (Eurybia macrophylla)
    • Lindley's aster (Symphyotrichum ciliolatum)
    • Long aster (Symphyotrichum x longulum)
    • Modest aster (Canadanthus modestus)
    • New England aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)
    • New England aster and Heath aster hybrid (Symphyotrichum x amethystinum)
    • Ontario aster (Symphyotrichum ontarionis)
    • Red-stemmed aster (Symphyotrichum puniceum)
    • Short's aster (Symphyotrichum shortii; threatened)
    • Sickle-shaped aster (Symphyotrichum falcatum)
    • Side-flowering aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum)
    • Silky aster (Symphyotrichum sericeum)
    • Skyblue aster (Symphyotrichum oolentangiense)
    • Smooth aster (Symphyotrichum laeve)
    • Veiny lined aster (Symphyotrichum praealtum)
    • Western panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. hesperium)
  • Autumn sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)

B

C

  • Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
  • Cinquefoils
    • Bushy cinquefoil (Potentilla paradoxa)
    • Marsh cinquefoil (Potentilla palustris)
    • Pennsylvania cinquefoil (Potentilla pensylvanica)
    • Rough cinquefoil (Potentilla norvegica)
    • Shrubby cinquefoil (Potentilla fruticosa)
    • Slender cinquefoil (Potentilla flabelliformis)
    • Spreading cinquefoil (Potentilla effusa)
    • Tall cinquefoil (Potentilla arguta)
  • Wild Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
  • Coneflowers
  • Coralroot
  • Cottongrasses
    • Chamisso's cottongrass (Eriophorum chamissonis)
    • Delicate cottongrass (Eriophorum tenellum)
    • Green-keeled cottongrass (Eriophorum viridicarinatum)
    • Slender cottongrass (Eriophorum gracile)
    • Tall cottongrass (Eriophorum polystachion)
    • Tawny cottongrass (Eriophorum virginicum)
    • Tussock cottongrass (Eriophorum vaginatum var. spissum)
  • Cow parsnip (Heracleum maximum)
  • Culver's root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

D

E

  • Evening primroses
    • Common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)
    • Cleland's evening primrose (Oenothera clelandii)
    • Cut-leaved evening primrose (Oenothera laciniata)
    • Northern evening primrose (Oenothera parviflora)
    • Nuttall's evening primrose (Oenothera nuttallii)
    • Perennial evening primrose (Oenothera perennis)
    • Rhombic evening primrose (Oenothera rhombipetala)
    • Toothed evening primrose (Calylophus serrulatus)

F

G

  • Gaywings (Polygala paucifolia)
  • Gentians
    • Billington's gentian (Gentiana x billingtonii)
    • Bottle gentian (Gentiana andrewsii)
    • Downy gentian (Gentiana puberulenta)
    • Great Lakes gentian (Gentiana rubricaulis)
    • Greater fringed gentian (Gentianopsis crinita)
    • Horse gentian (Triosteum aurantiacum)
    • Lesser fringed gentian (Gentianopsis procera)
    • Northern gentian (Gentiana affinis; special concern)
    • Spurred gentian (Halenia deflexa)
    • Stiff gentian (Gentianella quinquefolia var. occidentalis)
    • Yellowish gentian (Gentiana flavida)
  • Giant hyssops
    • Blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)
    • Purple giant hyssop (Agastache scrophulariaefolia)
    • Yellow giant hyssop (Agastache nepetoides)
  • Goldenrod
    • Canada goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)
    • Early goldenrod (Solidago juncea)
    • Giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)
    • Gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)
    • Hairy goldenrod (Solidago hispida)
    • Missouri goldenrod (Solidago missouriensis)
    • Riddell's goldenrod (Solidago riddellii)
    • Stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida)
    • Soft goldenrod (Solidago mollis; special concern)
    • Upland white aster (Solidago ptarmicoides)
    • Zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)
  • Ground plum (Astragalus crassicarpus)
  • Gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)

H

  • Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)
  • Hepaticas
  • Honeysuckles
    • Bush honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera)
    • Fly honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis)
    • Grape honeysuckle (Lonicera reticulata)
    • Hairy honeysuckle (Lonicera hirsuta)
    • Mountain fly honeysuckle (Lonicera villosa)
    • Swamp fly honeysuckle (Lonicera oblongifolia)
    • Wild honeysuckle (Lonicera dioica)

I

J

L

M

  • Marsh marigolds
  • Milk vetches
    • Alpine milk vetch (Astragalus alpinus; endangered)
    • Canada milk vetch (Astragalus canadensis)
    • Cooper's milk vetch (Astragalus neglectus)
    • Field milk vetch (Astragalus agrestis)
    • Loose-flowered milkvetch (Astragalus tenellus)
    • Lotus milk vetch (Astragalus lotiflorus)
    • Missouri milk vetch (Astragalus missouriensis; special concern)
    • Prairie milk vetch (Astragalus adsurgens)
    • Racemose milk vetch (Astragalus racemosus; possibly non-native)
    • Slender milk vetch (Astragalus flexuosus; special concern)
  • Milkweeds
  • Miterworts
    • Naked miterwort (Mitella nuda)
    • Two-leaved miterwort (Mitella diphylla)

O

P

  • Prairie clover
    • Foxtail prairie clover (Dalea leporina)
    • Purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea)
    • Silky prairie clover (Dalea villosa)
    • White prairie clover (Dalea candida)

R

S

  • Silverleaf scurfpea (Pediomelum argophyllum)
  • Spiderworts
  • Starflower (Trientalis borealis)
  • Strawberries
    • Common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)
    • Wood strawberry (Fragaria vesca var. americana)
  • Sunflowers
    • Bright sunflower (Helianthus × laetiflorus)
    • Common sunflower (Helianthus annuus)
    • Giant sunflower (Helianthus giganteus)
    • Hairy sunflower (Helianthus hirsutus)
    • Maximilian's sunflower (Helianthus maximiliani)
    • Nuttall's sunflower (Helianthus nuttallii ssp. rydbergii; special concern)
    • Prairie sunflower (Helianthus petiolaris var. petiolaris)
    • Sawtooth sunflower (Helianthus grosseserratus)
    • Stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus)
    • Tickseed sunflower (Bidens aristosa)
    • Western sunflower (Helianthus occidentalis var. occidentalis)
    • Woodland sunflower (Helianthus strumosus)
    • For early sunflower, see ox-eye.

T

V

W

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List of Minnesota wildflowers Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.