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Lumsden

Oreti (Māori)
Lumsden - February 2020
Lumsden - February 2020
Country New Zealand
Island South Island
Region Southland region
Territorial authority Southland District
Ward Mararoa Waimea Ward
Area
 • Total 3.63 km2 (1.40 sq mi)
Population
 (2018 Census)
 • Total 492
 • Density 135.5/km2 (351.0/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+12 (NZST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+13 (NZDT)
Postcode(s)
9793
Area code(s) 03
Local iwi Ngāi Tahu
Diana Street in Lumsden 01
Diana Street

Lumsden (Māori: Oreti) is a town in Southland, New Zealand. Lying in a gap in the surrounding hills, Lumsden is the location of a major junction on state highway six. Lumsden is 81 kilometres north of Invercargill, 106 kilometres south of Queenstown, 59 kilometres west of Gore and 77 kilometres east of Te Anau.

History

Originally the district in general was known as The Elbow. When this name was given to the then new railway station, residents of Castlerock, then also known as The Elbow and on the opposite bank of the Oreti River, brought the matter to George Lumsden of the Otago Provincial Council. He referred that matter to the Railways Department who, in the absence of any other suggestion, chose the name Lumsden for the town.

Demographics

Lumsden is described as a rural settlement by Statistics New Zealand. It covers 3.63 km2 (1.40 sq mi), and is part of the much larger Lumsden-Balfour statistical area.

Historical population for Lumsden
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2006 426 —    
2013 420 −0.20%
2018 492 +3.22%

Lumsden had a population of 492 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 72 people (17.1%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 66 people (15.5%) since the 2006 census. There were 228 households. There were 258 males and 237 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.09 males per female, with 99 people (20.1%) aged under 15 years, 99 (20.1%) aged 15 to 29, 213 (43.3%) aged 30 to 64, and 81 (16.5%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 87.2% European/Pākehā, 12.2% Māori, 1.2% Pacific peoples, 6.7% Asian, and 1.8% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 55.5% had no religion, 31.1% were Christian, 1.2% were Hindu, 0.6% were Muslim, and 0.6% were Buddhist.

Of those at least 15 years old, 48 (12.2%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 120 (30.5%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 189 (48.1%) people were employed full-time, 63 (16.0%) were part-time, and 15 (3.8%) were unemployed.

Lumsden-Balfour

The Lumsden-Balfour statistical area covers 767.67 km2 (296.40 sq mi) and had an estimated population of 1,510 as of June 2021, with a population density of 2 people per km2.

Historical population for Lumsden-Balfour
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2006 1,212 —    
2013 1,266 +0.62%
2018 1,320 +0.84%

Lumsden-Balfour had a population of 1,320 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 54 people (4.3%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 108 people (8.9%) since the 2006 census. There were 531 households. There were 711 males and 609 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.17 males per female. The median age was 36.9 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 300 people (22.7%) aged under 15 years, 231 (17.5%) aged 15 to 29, 597 (45.2%) aged 30 to 64, and 195 (14.8%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 88.6% European/Pākehā, 8.4% Māori, 0.7% Pacific peoples, 6.1% Asian, and 2.0% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 13.0%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 50.9% had no religion, 39.5% were Christian, 0.7% were Hindu, 0.2% were Muslim, 0.5% were Buddhist and 1.1% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 159 (15.6%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 237 (23.2%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $36,500, compared with $31,800 nationally. 138 people (13.5%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 579 (56.8%) people were employed full-time, 177 (17.4%) were part-time, and 21 (2.1%) were unemployed.

Education

Lumsden School is a contributing primary school for years 1 to 6 with a roll of 93 students as of July 2016.

Northern Southland College is a secondary school for years 7 to 13 with a roll of 163 students. The college opened in 1976, replacing Lumsden District High School which ran from 1962 to 1975.

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