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Madison, Georgia
City
City of Madison
Morgan County Courthouse, 1982
Morgan County Courthouse, 1982
Location in Morgan County and the state of Georgia
Location in Morgan County and the state of Georgia
Country  United States
State Georgia
County Morgan
Incorporated March 12, 1866; 154 years ago (1866-03-12)
Named for James Madison
Area
 • Total 8.9 sq mi (23.1 km2)
 • Land 8.9 sq mi (23 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 679 ft (207 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,979
 • Density 408.5/sq mi (157.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 30650
Area code 706
FIPS code 13-49196
GNIS feature ID 0332303
Major airport ATL

Madison is a city in Morgan County, Georgia, United States. It is part of the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke-Sandy Springs Combined Statistical Area. The population was 3,636 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Morgan County and the site of the Morgan County Courthouse.

The Historic District of Madison is one of the largest in the state. Many of the nearly 100 antebellum homes have been carefully restored. Bonar Hall is one of the first of the grand-style homes built in Madison during the town's cotton-boom heyday between 1840-60.

Madison was named the #1 Small Town in America by Travel Holiday magazine. Budget Travel magazine voted Madison as one of the world's 16 most picturesque villages.

Madison received a 2017 Live, Work, Play City Award presented by the Georgia Municipal Association in conjunction with Georgia Trend Magazine, during GMA’s annual Mayors’ Day Conference in Atlanta. Madison was recognized for advancing job creation, housing offerings and recreational amenities.

Madison is featured on Georgia's Antebellum Trail, and is designated as one of the state's Historic Heartland cities.

The nearest state park is Hard Labor Creek, located approximately 12 miles west of Madison. The park is known for its golf course, rustic camping and Hard Labor Creek Observatory, which is part of the Georgia State University Astronomy program.

History

Madison was described in an early 19th century issue of White's Statistics of Georgia as "the most cultured and aristocratic town on the stagecoach route from Charleston to New Orleans." In a 1849 edition of White's Statistics of Georgia, the following was written about Madison: "In point of intelligence, refinement, and hospitality, this town acknowledges no superior." On March 12, 1866, the settlement, named for 4th United States president, James Madison, was incorporated.

CarterHousephoto
Historic District of Madison, 2010.

While many believe that Sherman spared the town because it was too beautiful to burn during his March to the Sea, the truth is that Madison was home to pro-Union Congressman (later Senator) Joshua Hill. Hill had ties with General William Tecumseh Sherman's brother in the House of Representatives, so his sparing the town was more political than appreciation of its beauty. In 1895 Madison was audited as having in successful operation an oil mill with a capital of $35,000, a soap factory, a fertilizer factory, four steam ginneries, a mammoth compress, two carriage factories, a furniture factory, a grist and flouringmill, a bottling works, a distillery with a capacity of 120 gallons a day, an ice factory with a capital of $10,500, a canning factory with a capital of $10,000, a bank with a capital of $75,000, surplus $12,000, and a number of small industries operated by individual enterprise. Madison has one of the largest historic districts in the state of Georgia, and tourists from all over the world come to marvel at the antebellum architecture of the homes.

Geography

Madison is located at 33°35′17″N 83°28′21″W / 33.58806°N 83.4725°W / 33.58806; -83.4725 (33.588038, -83.472368). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.9 square miles (23 km2), of which, 8.9 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.45%) is water. Madison is situated on a high ridge which traverses Morgan County from the northeast to the southwest at an elevation of 760 feet.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,974
1890 2,131 8.0%
1900 1,992 −6.5%
1910 2,412 21.1%
1920 2,348 −2.7%
1930 1,966 −16.3%
1940 2,045 4.0%
1950 2,489 21.7%
1960 2,680 7.7%
1970 2,890 7.8%
1980 2,954 2.2%
1990 3,483 17.9%
2000 3,636 4.4%
2010 3,979 9.4%
Est. 2015 4,026 1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,636 people, 1,362 households, and 964 families residing in the city. The population density was 410.2 people per square mile (158.5/km²). There were 1,494 housing units at an average density of 168.5 per square mile (65.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 48.93% White, 47.83% African-American, 0.08% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 1.10% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.09% of the population.

There were 1,362 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 84.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,055, and the median income for a family was $40,265. Males had a median income of $40,430 versus $21,411 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,551. About 10.3% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.

In popular culture

Significant parts of the movie Goosebumps (starring Jack Black) were filmed in Madison and at the Madison-Morgan Cultural Center.

In Harry Turtledove's final Southern Victory novel Volume 11: In at the Death, Madison was the site of an important climax to the long running series.

I'll Fly Away (1991–93), an NBC series starring Sam Waterston as a southern lawyer at the dawn of the civil rights movement, was shot largely in historic Madison.

The historic mansion Bonar Hall was President Franklin D. Roosevelt's hospital in HBO's Warm Springs.

Scenes from My Cousin Vinny and Road Trip were filmed in Madison

The 1978 movie The Great Bank Hoax starring Ned Beatty, Richard Basehart and Charlene Dallas was filmed in Madison.

Portions of the TV series, October Road were filmed in Madison.

Portions of the TV series, The Originals', were filmed in Madison. The show was a spin-off of The Vampire Diaries.

Hissy Fit, a novel by Mary Kay Andrews, is set in Madison.

The main character of the webcomic, "Check, Please!" Eric "Bitty" Bittle is noted as being from Madison.

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