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Manus MacCloskey
Manus McCloskey circa 1918.jpg
McCloskey circa 1918
Born (1874-04-24)April 24, 1874
Died May 11, 1963(1963-05-11) (aged 89)
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
Education United States Military Academy (1898)
Sara Monro
(m. 1901; his death 1963)
Children Monro MacCloskey, Sally MacCloskey
Awards Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star with oak leaf cluster

Manus MacCloskey (April 24, 1874 – May 11, 1963) was a brigadier general in the United States Army. He served in the Philippines, participated in the China Relief Expedition, and commanded the 12th Field Artillery Regiment during World War I. After retiring from the military, he organized the Civilian Conservation Corps in North Carolina and later served as superintendent of Cook County Hospital in Chicago.

Early life

He was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on April 24, 1874. MacCloskey graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1898.

Military career

111-SC-29865 - NARA - 55219034-cropped
MacCloskey (center) with his staff in the Forest of Argonne in October 1918

After his commissioning, he joined the Fifth Field Artillery on April 26, 1898. In 1916, he commanded Fort Myer

He served in the Philippines and participated in the China Relief Expedition.

During World War I, he organized and commanded the 12th Field Artillery Regiment. MacCloskey fought in the Battle of Verdun, the Battle of Château-Thierry (1918), the Battle of Belleau Wood, and the Battle of Soissons (1918).

From January 1921 to June 30, 1924, he served with the General staff at Headquarters, Sixth Corps Area. He later served at Fort Sheridan and Fort Bragg. He retired from military service on April 30, 1938.

Civilian career

In 1933, he organized the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in North Carolina. He served as superintendent of Cook County Hospital in Chicago from 1938 to 1947.

Awards and honors

Awards he received during his career include the Distinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star with oak leaf cluster, and the Purple Heart with oak leaf cluster. He also received the Order of the Crown of Italy, rank Officer for his World War I service.

Personal life and family

He married Sara Monro on August 14, 1901. She was the sister of William Loftus Monro (1867–1945), president of the American Window Glass Company. They had two children: Monro MacCloskey, who would also serve in the military and rise to the rank of Brigadier General, and Sally, his daughter.


He died on May 11, 1963 in Washington, DC. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.


In 1977, MacCloskey's personal papers were donated to the University of Pittsburgh archives by Monro MacCloskey.

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