Marianna, Florida facts for kids

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Marianna, Florida
City
Marianna City Hall
Marianna City Hall
Motto: "City Of Southern Charm "
Location in Jackson County and the state of Florida
Location in Jackson County and the state of Florida
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Jackson
Area
 • Total 8 sq mi (20.9 km2)
 • Land 8 sq mi (20.8 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 167 ft (51 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 9,094
 • Density 778.8/sq mi (298.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 32446-32448
Area code(s) 850
FIPS code 12-43175
GNIS feature ID 0286422
Website www.cityofmarianna.com

Marianna is a city in Jackson County, Florida, United States. The population was 6,230 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Jackson County and is home to Chipola College. The official nickname of Marianna is "The City of Southern Charm."

History

Marianna FL US 90 hist bldgs01
Part of the historic downtown area

Marianna was founded in 1828 by Scottish entrepreneur Scott Beverege and named the town after his wife, Mary and her friend Anna combining their names to form Marianna, it was named the county seat the following year, supplanting the earlier settlement of Webbville, which soon dissolved and no longer exists. Marianna was platted along the Chipola River and many plantation owners from North Carolina relocated to Jackson County for the fertile soil.

It is the final resting place of the Confederate governor of Florida, Governor John Milton, and the scene of a Civil War battle between a small home guard of about 150 boys, older men, and wounded soldiers, and a contingent of approximately 700 Federal troops.

Governor Milton owned Sylvania Plantation and hundreds of slaves, was the governor of Florida during the Civil War years. Governor Milton was vehemently against the Confederate States of America reuniting with the United States of America. He vowed that he would rather die than see the Confederates reunite with the Unionist states.

Geography

Marianna is located at 30°46′35″N 85°14′17″W / 30.77639°N 85.23806°W / 30.77639; -85.23806 (30.776370, -85.238149).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.1 square miles (21 km2), of which 8.0 square miles (21 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.37%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 356
1860 440 23.6%
1870 663 50.7%
1880 586 −11.6%
1890 926 58.0%
1900 900 −2.8%
1910 1,915 112.8%
1920 2,499 30.5%
1930 3,372 34.9%
1940 5,079 50.6%
1950 5,845 15.1%
1960 7,152 22.4%
1970 7,282 1.8%
1980 7,006 −3.8%
1990 6,292 −10.2%
2000 6,230 −1.0%
2010 6,102 −2.1%
Est. 2015 9,100 49.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,230 people, 2,398 households, and 1,395 families residing in the city. The population density was 776.1 inhabitants per square mile (299.6/km²). There were 2,764 housing units at an average density of 344.3 per square mile (132.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.82% White, 40.16% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.87% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.60% of the population.

There were 2,398 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.3% were married couples living together, 20.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 38.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,861, and the median income for a family was $29,590. Males had a median income of $28,500 versus $21,530 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,021. About 20.9% of families and 28.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.7% of those under age 18 and 34.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Marianna Municipal Airport, a former World War II Army Air Corps base, is a public-use airport located 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of the central business district. Also, the city is served by a bus transit system that runs through the whole city; J-trans.

Attractions

Marianna FL St Lukes Episc Church02
St. Luke's Episcopal Church

Marianna is an official Florida Main Street town. The downtown area has been restored to look as it did many years ago. The downtown area includes the Marianna Historic District, with a number of antebellum homes.

Florida Caverns State Park is located near the town. There is also cave diving in underwater Blue Springs. St. Luke's Episcopal Church and cemetery are state landmarks following a principal role in the U.S. Civil War battle of Marianna in 1864. Neal's Landing on the Chattahoochee River is not far from Marianna and is a fishing and camping area. Neal's Landing is where the old Indian village of Ekanchattee once existed. The Chipola River is a source of recreation during all but the winter months.


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