McFarland, California facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
City of McFarland
City
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Country  United States
State  California
County Kern
Incorporated July 18, 1957
Area
 • Total 8.668 sq mi (13.910 km2)
 • Land 8.668 sq mi (13.910 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 354 ft (108 m)
Population (2016)
 • Total 19,044
 • Density 2,197.05/sq mi (1,369.09/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 93250
Area code(s) 661
FIPS code 06-44826
GNIS feature IDs 1652750, 2411062
Website www.mcfarlandcity.org

McFarland (formerly, Hunt and Lone Pine) is a city in the San Joaquin Valley, in Kern County, California, United States. McFarland is located 6.5 miles (10 km) south of Delano, at an elevation of 354 feet (108 m). The population of McFarland, as of 2016, is 19,044.

History

The first post office opened in 1908. McFarland incorporated in 1957. The name honors J.B. McFarland, founder.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 3,686
1970 4,177 13.3%
1980 5,151 23.3%
1990 7,005 36.0%
2000 9,618 37.3%
2010 12,707 32.1%
Est. 2015 13,985 10.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that McFarland had a population of 12,707. The population density was 4,762.7 people per square mile (1,838.9/km²). The racial makeup of McFarland was 5,433 (42.8%) White, 236 (1.9%) African American, 171 (1.3%) Native American, 84 (0.7%) Asian, 6 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 6,330 (49.8%) from other races, and 447 (3.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,625 people (91.5%).

The Census reported that 11,486 people (90.4% of the population) lived in households, 27 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,194 (9.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 2,599 households, out of which 1,818 (69.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,663 (64.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 456 (17.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 246 (9.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 189 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 14 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 170 households (6.5%) were made up of individuals and 71 (2.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.42. There were 2,365 families (91.0% of all households); the average family size was 4.51.

The population was spread out with 4,468 people (35.2%) under the age of 18, 1,700 people (13.4%) aged 18 to 24, 4,030 people (31.7%) aged 25 to 44, 1,925 people (15.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 584 people (4.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.7 years. For every 100 females there were 128.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 142.4 males.

There were 2,683 housing units at an average density of 1,005.6 per square mile (388.3/km²), of which 1,488 (57.3%) were owner-occupied, and 1,111 (42.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 2.6%. 6,519 people (51.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,967 people (39.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the census of 2000, there were 9,618 people, 1,990 households, and 1,789 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,671.8 people per square mile (1,802.7/km²). There were 2,031 housing units at an average density of 986.5 per square mile (380.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 28.49% White, 3.19% Black or African American, 1.63% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 61.23% from other races, and 4.69% from two or more races. 85.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,990 households out of which 61.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 10.1% were non-families. 7.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.30 and the average family size was 4.45.

In the city, the population was spread out with 35.1% under the age of 18, 14.1% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 12.8% from 45 to 64, and 4.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 132.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 151.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $12,821, and the median income for a family was $14,190. Males had a median income of $19,881 versus $9,109 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,524. About 34.1% of families and 35.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable locations

  • Fidel's hot rods
  • Jackson Branch Kern County Library
  • McFarland City Hall
  • Peluqueria Charly "Charly The Barber"
  • Maria's Pizza
  • Palace Market
  • Super King Burger
  • McFarland Landfill Corporation
  • Snowhite
  • Tire Farm and Ranch
  • Smoke Shop
  • Poker's pizza

Local parks

  • Arturo J. Munoz Park
  • Ritchey Park
  • Sherwood Park
  • Browning Road Park

In popular culture

  • McFarland was mentioned as the location of a cancer cluster in the MacGyver episode Bitter Harvest.
  • The city is the titular location for the 2015 sports film, McFarland, USA.
  • [http:// Official website]

McFarland, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.