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Medora, North Dakota facts for kids

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Medora, North Dakota
Business District of Medora (2008)
Business District of Medora (2008)
"North Dakota's #1 Destination"
Location within Billings County and North Dakota
Location within Billings County and North Dakota
Medora, North Dakota is located in the United States
Medora, North Dakota
Medora, North Dakota
Location in the United States
Country  United States of America
State  North Dakota
County Billings
 • Total 0.41 sq mi (1.07 km2)
 • Land 0.39 sq mi (1.02 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
2,267 ft (691 m)
 • Total 112
 • Estimate 
 • Density 328.24/sq mi (126.71/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 701
FIPS code 38-51900
GNIS feature ID 1035000

Medora is a city in Billings County, North Dakota, United States. The only incorporated place in Billings County, it is also the county seat. Much of the surrounding area is part of either Little Missouri National Grassland or Theodore Roosevelt National Park. The population was 112 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Dickinson Micropolitan Statistical Area.


Antoine Morès-A 02

Medora was founded in 1883 along the transcontinental rail line of the Northern Pacific Railway by French nobleman Marquis de Mores, who named the city after his wife Medora von Hoffman. Marquis de Mores wanted to ship refrigerated meat to Chicago via the railroad. He built a meat packing plant for this purpose and a house named the Chateau de Mores, which is now a museum.

In the evening of April 7, 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt visited Medora on a presidential tour of the Western United States. Most of the Badlands' residents turned out to greet him on his whistle stop. Roosevelt later recalled that “the entire population of the Badlands down to the smallest baby had gathered to meet me… They all felt I was their man, their old friend; and even if they had been hostile to me in the old days when we were divided by the sinister bickering and jealousies and hatreds of all frontier communities, they now firmly believed they had always been my staunch friends and admirers. I shook hands with them all and…I only regretted that I could not spend three hours with them." A local hotel changed its name that same year to the Rough Riders Hotel. In 1986 the hotel was purchased and operated by the Theodore Roosevelt Medora Foundation.

The city of Medora is also home to the popular Medora Musical and the city has become one of the most popular tourist attractions in the state.


Medora is located at 46°54′51″N 103°31′30″W / 46.91417°N 103.52500°W / 46.91417; -103.52500 (46.914258, -103.524942).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.37 square miles (0.96 km2), of which, 0.36 square miles (0.93 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.


According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Medora has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 133
1970 129 −3.0%
1980 94 −27.1%
1990 101 7.4%
2000 100 −1.0%
2010 112 12.0%
2019 (est.) 129 15.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 112 people, 56 households, and 27 families living in the city. The population density was 311.1 inhabitants per square mile (120.1/km2). There were 102 housing units at an average density of 283.3 per square mile (109.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.8% White, 1.8% Native American, 3.6% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races. Of the 56 households 10.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 1.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 51.8% were non-families. 46.4% of households were one person and 16.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 1.84 and the average family size was 2.63.

The median age was 45.3 years. 11.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 10% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.8% were from 25 to 44; 32.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18.8% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

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