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Mescalero Ridge facts for kids

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Mescalero Ridge
(Mescalero Escarpment)
Mescalero Escarpment 2003.jpg
Escarpment between Caprock and Maljamar
Highest point
Elevation 4,462 ft (1,360 m)
Prominence 200 ft (61 m)
Mescalero Ridge is located in New Mexico
Mescalero Ridge
Mescalero Ridge
Location in New Mexico
Age of rock Quaternary
Mountain type Caliche

The Mescalero Ridge forms the western edge of the great Llano Estacado, a vast plateau or tableland in the southwestern United States in New Mexico and Texas. It is the western equivalent of the Caprock Escarpment, which defines the eastern edge of the Llano Estacado.

Mescalero Sands

Extending north-south along the western edge of the Mescalero Ridge lies a vast sand sheet called the Mescalero Sands, named after the Mescalero Apaches who once hunted in these sandhills. In 1928, Nelson Horatio Darton of the United States Geological Survey observed: “On the east side of the Pecos Valley in southern New Mexico there are very extensive sand hills formed of deposits known as the ‘Mescalero Sands,’ which are doubtless of Quaternary age ...” In places, these sands climb up and over the Mescalero Ridge and spread out over portions of the Llano Estacado.

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