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Mission San Rafael Arcángel
Mission San Rafael Arcángel
The reconstructed capilla (chapel) of Mission San Rafael Arcángel is to the right of Saint Raphael's Church.
Location 1104 5th Avenue
San Rafael, California 94901-2916
Coordinates 37°58′27.6″N 122°31′40.5″W / 37.974333°N 122.527917°W / 37.974333; -122.527917Coordinates: 37°58′27.6″N 122°31′40.5″W / 37.974333°N 122.527917°W / 37.974333; -122.527917
Name as founded La Misión del Gloriosísimo Príncipe San Rafael, Arcángel 
English translation The Mission of the Glorious Prince, Archangel Saint Raphael
Patron The Glorious Prince Saint Raphael, Archangel
Nickname(s) "Mission of Bodily Healing" 
Founding date December 14, 1817 
Founding priest(s) Father Vicente Francisco de Sarría 
Founding Order Twentieth
Military district Fourth
Native tribe(s)
Spanish name(s)
Coast Miwok, Pomo
Native place name(s) 'Anaguani 
Baptisms 1,821
Marriages 519
Burials 652
Secularized 1834
Returned to the Church 1855
Governing body Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco
Current use Chapel / Museum
Reference no. 220
Website
http://saintraphael.com

Mission San Rafael Arcángel is a Spanish mission in San Rafael, California. It was founded in 1817 as a medical asistencia ("sub-mission") of Mission San Francisco de Asís. It was a hospital to treat sick Native Americans, making it Alta California's first sanitarium. The weather was much better than in San Francisco, which helped the ill get better. It was not intended to be a stand-alone mission, but nevertheless grew and prospered and was granted full mission status on October 19, 1822.

History

Mission San Rafael Arcángel was founded on December 14, 1817, by Father Vicente Francisco de Sarría, as a medical asistencia ("sub-mission") of the San Francisco Mission to treat their sick population. It was granted full mission status in 1822.

This was one of the missions turned over to the Mexican government in 1833 after the Mexican secularization act of 1833. In 1840, there were 150 Indians still at the Mission. By 1844, Mission San Rafael Arcángel had been abandoned; what was left of the empty buildings was sold for $8,000 in 1846. The Mission was used by John C. Fremont as his headquarters during the Bear Flag Revolt.

In 1847, a priest was once again living at the Mission. A new parish church was built near the old chapel ruins in 1861, and, in 1870, the rest of the ruins were removed to make room for the City of San Rafael. All that was left of the Mission was a single pear tree from the old Mission's orchard. It is for this reason that San Rafael is known as the "most obliterated of California's missions".

In 1949, a replica of the chapel was built next to the current Saint Raphael's Church on the site of the original hospital in San Rafael, California which was built in 1919.

Interior of Chapel at Mission San Rafael
Interior of the capilla (chapel) at Mission San Rafael Arcángel taken in 1974.
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